Photonics of Quantum-Dot Nanomaterials and Devices : Theory and Modelling

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2011-09-23
  • Publisher: World Scientific Pub Co Inc
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Quantum dot nano structures are interesting for applications in information technology and play a growing role in date storage, medical and biological applications. Understanding quantum nanomaterials is thus the key for the conception and optimization of novel structures. This monograph gives an overview of the theory and introduces the concepts of advanced computational modeling of quantum dot nanomaterials ranging from phenomenological models up to fully quantum theoretical description.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Photonic Quantum Dot Nanomaterials and Devicesp. 1
Physical Properties of Quantum Dotsp. 1
Active Semiconductor Gain Mediap. 2
Quantum Dot Lasersp. 4
Heterostructure lasersp. 4
Active nanomaterialsp. 5
Laser Cavitiesp. 6
In-plane edge-emitting lasersp. 7
Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasersp. 8
High-power laser amplifiersp. 9
Coupled-cavity systemsp. 10
Optically excited nano systemsp. 11
QD metastructuresp. 11
Referencesp. 12
Theory of Quantum Dot Light-Matter Dynamicsp. 15
Rate Equationsp. 19
Maxwell-Bloch Equationsp. 24
Mesoscopic two-level approachp. 25
Mesoscopic Maxwell-Bloch description of multi-level quantum dot systemsp. 29
Optical field dynamicsp. 30
Carrier dynamics within a quantum dotp. 34
Quantum Luminescence Equationsp. 38
Quantum Theoretical Descriptionp. 42
Referencesp. 43
Light Meets Matter I: Microscopic Carrier Effects and Fundamental Light-Matter Interactionp. 45
Dynamics in the Active Charge Carrier Plasmap. 46
Intra-dot carrier scatteringp. 47
Phonon induced carrier scattering between quantum dots and wetting layerp. 48
Auger scattering processes involving OD and 2D carriersp. 49
Level and gain dynamicsp. 51
Dynamics of carrier scattering ratesp. 54
Dynamic Level Hole Burningp. 57
Ultrashort Nonlinear Gain and Index Dynamicsp. 62
Conclusionp. 69
Referencesp. 69
Light Meets Matter II: Mesoscopic Space-Time Dynamicsp. 71
Introduction: Transverse and Longitudinal Mode Dynamicsp. 71
Influence of the Transverse Degree of Freedom and Nano-Structuring on Nearfield Dynamics and Spectrap. 72
Longitudinal Modesp. 77
Coupled Space-Time Dynamics in the Active Areap. 78
Influence of injection level and geometryp. 79
Influence of disorder: the spatially inhomogeneous quantum dot ensemblep. 83
Light fluctuations and mode competition in quantum dot cavitiesp. 86
Conclusionp. 97
Referencesp. 97
Performance and Characterisation: Properties on Large Time and Length Scalesp. 101
Introductionp. 101
Spatial and Spectral Beam Qualityp. 102
Dynamic Amplitude Phase Couplingp. 105
Conclusionp. 113
Referencesp. H3
Nonlinear Pulse Propagation in Semiconductor Quantum Dot Lasersp. 115
Dynamic Shaping of Short Optical Pulsesp. 116
Nonlinear Femtosecond Dynamics of Ultrashort Light Pulsesp. 118
Self-induced propagation control: tunable propagation speedp. 118
Propagation control by a second pulsep. 123
Conclusionp. 125
Referencesp. 125
High-Speed Dynamicsp. 127
Mode-Locking in Multi-Section Quantum Dot Lasersp. 127
Dependence of Pulse Duration on Injection Current, Bias Voltage and Device Geometryp. 129
Radio Frequency Spectra of the Emitted Lightp. 132
Short-Pulse Optimisationp. 134
Conclusionp. 136
Referencesp. 137
Quantum Dot Random Lasersp. 139
Spatially Inhomogeneous Semiconductor Quantum Dot Ensemblesp. 139
Gain spectrap. 141
Spatial and spectral hole burningp. 142
Coherence Propertiesp. 145
Random Lasing in Semiconductor Quantum Dot Ensemblesp. 150
The physics of random lasingp. 150
Lasers with strong disorder: incoherent feedbackp. 152
Lasers with weak disorder: coherent feedbackp. 155
Conclusionp. 157
Referencesp. 157
Coherence Properties of Quantum Dot Micro-Cavity Lasersp. 159
Introductionp. 159
Radial Signal Propagation and Coherence Trappingp. 161
Influence of Disorderp. 168
Conclusionsp. 170
Referencesp. 170
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