Physical Change and Aging

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-11-09
  • Publisher: Springer Pub Co

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This book serves as an authoritative textbook and guide to the physical changes and common pathologies associated with the aging process, with special emphasis on the psychological and social implications of these changes in the lives of older adults. This fifth edition presents the newly available research findings that differentiate "normal" aging from actual pathology.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
Perspectives on Agingp. 1
Basic Concepts in Physical Agingp. 2
Patterns of Diseasep. 4
Theories of Agingp. 9
Stochastic Theoriesp. 9
Nonstochastic Theoriesp. 11
Psychosocial Theories of Agingp. 13
The Skin, Hair, and Nailsp. 21
Psychosocial Implicationsp. 21
Components of the Skinp. 23
Functions of the Skinp. 24
The Hairp. 25
The Nailsp. 25
Age-Related Changes in the Skinp. 25
Age-Related Changes in the Hairp. 28
Age-Related Changes in the Nailsp. 28
Age-Related Disorders of the Skinp. 29
Prevention of Skin Cancerp. 37
Tips for Maintaining Health Skinp. 38
The Musculoskeletal Systemp. 41
The Skeletal Systemp. 41
Age-Related Changes in the Skeletal Systemp. 44
Age-Related Skeletal System Disordersp. 45
The Musclesp. 56
Specific Age-Related Disorders in Musclesp. 60
The Nervous Systemp. 65
The Central Nervous Systemp. 68
The Peripheral Nervous Systemp. 73
Age-Related Changes in the Nervous Systemp. 74
Age-Related Nervous System Disordersp. 78
Learning and Memoryp. 85
Dementia and Deliriump. 89
Deliriump. 89
Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)p. 91
Dementiap. 92
Primary Dementiasp. 93
Secondary Dementiasp. 102
The Sensory Systemsp. 107
Visionp. 109
Age-Related Changes in Visionp. 111
Age-Related Disorders of the Visual Systemp. 116
Audition (Hearing)p. 119
Age-Related Changes in Hearingp. 122
Age-Related Disorders of Hearingp. 126
Vestibular Systemp. 127
Age-Related Changes in the Vestibular Systemp. 128
Age-Related Disorders of the Vestibular Systemp. 128
Taste (Gustation)p. 130
Age-Related Changes in Tastep. 130
Smell (Olfaction)p. 131
Age-Related Changes in Smellp. 131
Age-Related Disorders in Taste and Smellp. 132
Skin (Cutaneous) Sensesp. 132
Age-Related Changes in the Skin Sensesp. 132
The Importance of Sensory Changes in Agingp. 133
The Cardiovascular Systemp. 135
Anatomy and Physiology of the Cardiovascular Systemp. 136
Age-Related Cardiovascular Changesp. 142
Age-Related Disorders of the Cardiovascular Systemp. 145
Vascular Disordersp. 159
The Respiratory Systemp. 163
The Structure of the Respiratory Systemp. 163
Functions of the Respiratory Systemp. 166
Age-Related Changes in the Respiratory Systemp. 167
Age-Related Disorders of the Respiratory Systemp. 170
Prevention of Respiratory Diseasep. 174
The Gastrointestinal Systemp. 177
Components and Functions of the Gastrointestinal Systemp. 178
Age-Related Changes in the Gastrointestinal Systemp. 183
Age-Related Disorders of the Gastrointestinal Systemp. 185
The Urinary Systemp. 201
Structure of the Kidneysp. 202
Functions of the Urinary Systemp. 204
Age-Related Changes in die Urinary Systemp. 206
Age-Related Disorders of the Urinary Systemp. 208
The Reproductive Systemp. 221
Components and Functions of the Female Reproductive Systemp. 221
Age-Related Changes in the Female Reproductive Systemp. 222
Age-Related Disorders of the Female Reproductive Systemp. 225
Components and Functions of the Male Reproductive Systemp. 228
Age-Related Changes in the Male Reproductive Systemp. 230
Age-Related Disorders of the Male Reproductive Systemp. 230
Sexualityp. 231
The Endocrine Systemp. 237
Structure of the Endocrine Systemp. 238
Age-Related Changes and Disorders of the Endocrine Systemp. 242
The Immune Systemp. 255
Structure of the Immune Systemp. 255
Age-Related Changes in the Immune Systemp. 258
Age-Related Disorders of the Immune Systemp. 259
Aging with Lifelong Disabilitiesp. 263
Congenital Versus Acquired Disabilityp. 264
The Complexity of Aging with Disabilitiesp. 265
Developmental and Intellectual Disabilitiesp. 267
Special Topicsp. 283
Alcoholismp. 283
Aging Changes and Alcoholp. 285
Fallsp. 286
Foot Carep. 290
Painp. 293
Health Promotion and Exercisep. 301
Health Promotionp. 302
Disease Preventionp. 302
Strategies for Changep. 306
Barriers to Health Promotionp. 307
Exercisep. 307
Age-Related Changes Modified by Exercisep. 308
Exercise Programsp. 310
General Recommendations for Exercise Programs for Older Adultsp. 312
Complementary and Alternative Therapiesp. 317
Historyp. 318
Some Complementary and Alternative Therapiesp. 321
Nutritionp. 331
Psychosocial and Cultural Aspects of Nutritionp. 333
Physiological Aspects of Nutritionp. 335
Water and Body Fluidsp. 336
Proteinp. 337
Carbohydrates and Fiberp. 338
Fatsp. 339
Vitamins and Minerals (Micronutrients)p. 340
Water Soluble Vitaminsp. 341
Fat Soluble Vitaminsp. 343
Mineralsp. 345
Malnutritionp. 349
Undernutritionp. 349
Overnutritionp. 351
Failure to Thrivep. 351
Food Labelsp. 352
Older Adults and Institutional Dietsp. 353
Basic Food Groupsp. 354
The Food Guide Pyramidp. 355
Nutritional Recommendations for Older Adultsp. 357
Educationp. 358
Supplemental Nutritionp. 359
Community-Based Nutrition Programs for Older Adultsp. 360
Medications and the Elderlyp. 365
Cultural Responses to Drugsp. 367
Older Adults' Responses to Drugsp. 367
Over-the-Counter (OTC) Drugsp. 370
Generic Drugsp. 371
Adverse Drug Reactionsp. 372
Drug Therapyp. 378
Commonly Prescribed Drugsp. 379
Attitudes Toward "Pill Popping"p. 395
Prevention of Drug Accidentsp. 395
Teaching Older Adultsp. 399
Factors Influencing Learning in Older Adults and Useful Approaches for Enhancing Learningp. 400
Summary of Teaching Approachesp. 409
Caregivingp. 413
What Do Caregivers Do?p. 414
Who Becomes a Caregiver?p. 414
Caregiving Diversityp. 415
Influence of Caregiving on Physical, Psychological, Social, and Financial Well-Beingp. 415
Benefits of Caregivingp. 417
How Health Care Professionals Can Support Caregiversp. 418
Death and Grief in the Later Yearsp. 421
Dying and Deathp. 423
Hospice Carep. 430
Palliative Carep. 432
Therapeutic Approaches with Dying Persons and Significant Othersp. 433
Bereavement, Grief, and Mourningp. 434
Death and Loss in the Later Yearsp. 440
Physician-Assisted Suicidep. 446
Advanced Directivesp. 447
Therapeutic Approaches with the Bereavedp. 451
Practical Hints for the Safety of Older Adultsp. 457
Resourcesp. 461
Glossaryp. 463
Indexp. 473
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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