9780471071709

Physical and Chemical Equilibrium for Chemical Engineers

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780471071709

  • ISBN10:

    0471071706

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2002-01-01
  • Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
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Summary

Physical and Chemical Equilibrium for Chemical Engineers provides a thorough introduction to the basic tools of chemical engineers-physical and chemical equilibrium. It is a book for second course thermodynamics students in chemical engineering. While traditional texts combine this topic with the first thermodynamics course, Physical and Chemical Equilibrium for Chemical Engineers gives chemical engineers the rigorous yet clear treatment more advanced students and chemical engineers require.Professor Noel de Nevers provides readers with a technically accurate and rigorous look at physical and chemical equilibrium-often called "solution thermodynamics." He presents the material in an accessible format that uses simple mathematics without sacrificing rigor. This book shows where "modern" terminology differs from "classic" terminology and covers different standard states, a common stumbling block for both students and professionals. Emphasis is placed on such up-to-date topics as aqueous solutions, electrolytes, and osmotic pressure, all of which play an important role in modern industrial processes and biotechnology. Unique coverage includes: Minimization of Gibbs Free Energy Vapor Pressure, the Clapayron Equation, and Single Pure Species Phase Equilibrium Partial Molal Properties Fugacity, Ideal and Non-Ideal Solutions, Activity, and Activity Coefficient The Phase Rule

Author Biography

Noel de Nevers is a member of the faculty of the Department of Chemical and Fuels Engineering at the University of Utah. He received a BS from Stanford, and an MS and PhD degrees from the University of Michigan. He is the author of Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers and Air Pollution Control Engineering.

Table of Contents

Preface.
About the Author.
Nomenclature.
Introduction to Equilibrium.
Basic Thermodynamics.
The Simplest Phase Equilibrium Examples and Some Simple Estimating Rules.
Minimization of Gibbs Free Energy.
Vapor Pressure, The Clapeyron Equation, and Single Pure Chemical Species Phase Equilibrium.
Partial Molal Properties.
Fugacity, Ideal Solutions, Activity, Activity Coefficient.
Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium (VLE) at Low Pressures.
Correlating and Predicting Nonideal VLE.
Vapor Liquid Equilibrium (VLE) at High Pressures.
Liquid-Liquid, Liquid-Solid and Gas-Solid Equilibrium.
Chemical Equilibrium.
Equilibrium in Complex Chemical Reactions.
Equilibrium with Gravity or Centrifugal Force, Osmotic Equilibrium, Equilibrium with Surface Tension.
The Phase Rule.
Appendix A: Useful Tables and Charts.
Appendix B: Equilibrium at Other Constraints, Approach to Equilibrium.
Appendix C: The Mathematics of Fugacity, Ideal Solutions, Activity and Activity Coefficients.
Appendix D: Equations of State for Liquids and Solids Well Below Their Critical Temperatures.
Appendix E: Free Energy of Formation Values.
Appendix F: Calculation of Fugacities from Pressure-Explicit EOSs.
Appendix G: Answers to Selected Problems.
Index

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