Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics, Extended Version Chapters 1-46 (with PhysicsNow and InfoTrac)

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2003-09-26
  • Publisher: Brooks Cole
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This best-selling, calculus-based text is recognized for its carefully crafted, logical presentation of the basic concepts and principles of physics. PHYSICS FOR SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS, Sixth Edition, maintains the Serway traditions of concise writing for the students, carefully thought-out problem sets and worked examples, and evolving educational pedagogy. This edition introduces a new co-author, Dr. John Jewett, at Cal Poly ? Pomona, known best for his teaching awards and his role in the recently published PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICS, Third Edition, also written with Ray Serway. Providing students with the tools they need to succeed in introductory physics, the Sixth Edition of this authoritative text features unparalleled media integration and a newly enhanced supplemental package for instructors and students!

Author Biography

Raymond A. Serway and John W. Jewett, Jr.: California State Polytechnic University-Pomona

Table of Contents

Mechanicsp. 1
Physics and Measurementp. 2
Standards of Length, Mass, and Timep. 4
Matter and Model Buildingp. 7
Density and Atomic Massp. 9
Dimensional Analysisp. 10
Conversion of Unitsp. 12
Estimates and Order-of-Magnitude Calculationsp. 13
Significant Figuresp. 15
Motion in One Dimensionp. 23
Position, Velocity, and Speedp. 24
Instantaneous Velocity and Speedp. 28
Accelerationp. 31
Motion Diagramsp. 34
One-Dimensional Motion with Constant Accelerationp. 36
Freely Falling Objectsp. 40
Kinematic Equations Derived from Calculusp. 44
General Problem-Solving Strategyp. 47
Vectorsp. 58
Coordinate Systemsp. 59
Vector and Scalar Quantitiesp. 60
Some Properties of Vectorsp. 61
Components of a Vector and Unit Vectorsp. 65
Motion in Two Dimensionsp. 77
The Position, Velocity, and Acceleration Vectorsp. 78
Two-Dimensional Motion with Constant Accelerationp. 80
Projectile Motionp. 83
Uniform Circular Motionp. 91
Tangential and Radial Accelerationp. 94
Relative Velocity and Relative Accelerationp. 96
The Laws of Motionp. 111
The Concept of Forcep. 112
Newton's First Law and Inertial Framesp. 114
Massp. 116
Newton's Second Lawp. 116
The Gravitational Force and Weightp. 119
Newton's Third Lawp. 120
Some Applications of Newton's Lawsp. 122
Forces of Frictionp. 131
Circular Motion and Other Applications of Newton's Lawsp. 150
Newton's Second Law Applied to Uniform Circular Motionp. 151
Nonuniform Circular Motionp. 157
Motion in Accelerated Framesp. 159
Motion in the Presence of Resistive Forcesp. 162
Numerical Modeling in Particle Dynamicsp. 167
Energy and Energy Transferp. 181
Systems and Environmentsp. 182
Work Done by a Constant Forcep. 183
The Scalar Product of Two Vectorsp. 186
Work Done by a Varying Forcep. 188
Kinetic Energy and the Work-Kinetic Energy Theoremp. 193
The Nonisolated System--Conservation of Energyp. 196
Situations Involving Kinetic Frictionp. 199
Powerp. 203
Energy and the Automobilep. 205
Potential Energyp. 217
Potential Energy of a Systemp. 218
The Isolated System--Conservation of Mechanical Energyp. 220
Conservative and Nonconservative Forcesp. 228
Changes in Mechanical Energy for Nonconservative Forcesp. 229
Relationship Between Conservative Forces and Potential Energyp. 234
Energy Diagrams and Equilibrium of a Systemp. 236
Linear Momentum and Collisionsp. 251
Linear Momentum and Its Conservationp. 252
Impulse and Momentump. 256
Collisions in One Dimensionp. 260
Two-Dimensional Collisionsp. 267
The Center of Massp. 270
Motion of a System of Particlesp. 274
Rocket Propulsionp. 277
Rotation of a Rigid Object About a Fixed Axisp. 292
Angular Position, Velocity, and Accelerationp. 293
Rotational Kinematics: Rotational Motion with Constant Angular Accelerationp. 296
Angular and Linear Quantitiesp. 297
Rotational Kinetic Energyp. 300
Calculation of Moments of Inertiap. 302
Torquep. 306
Relationship Between Torque and Angular Accelerationp. 307
Work, Power, and Energy in Rotational Motionp. 312
Rolling Motion of a Rigid Objectp. 316
Angular Momentump. 336
The Vector Product and Torquep. 337
Angular Momentump. 339
Angular Momentum of a Rotating Rigid Objectp. 343
Conservation of Angular Momentump. 345
The Motion of Gyroscopes and Topsp. 350
Angular Momentum as a Fundamental Quantityp. 351
Static Equilibrium and Elasticityp. 362
The Conditions for Equilibriump. 363
More on the Center of Gravityp. 365
Examples of Rigid Objects in Static Equilibriump. 366
Elastic Properties of Solidsp. 373
Universal Gravitationp. 389
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitationp. 390
Measuring the Gravitational Constantp. 393
Free-Fall Acceleration and the Gravitational Forcep. 394
Kepler's Laws and the Motion of Planetsp. 396
The Gravitational Fieldp. 401
Gravitational Potential Energyp. 403
Energy Considerations in Planetary and Satellite Motionp. 405
Fluid Mechanicsp. 420
Pressurep. 421
Variation of Pressure with Depthp. 423
Pressure Measurementsp. 426
Buoyant Forces and Archimedes's Principlep. 427
Fluid Dynamicsp. 431
Bernoulli's Equationp. 433
Other Applications of Fluid Dynamicsp. 436
Oscillations and Mechanical Wavesp. 451
Oscillatory Motionp. 452
Motion of an Object Attached to a Springp. 453
Mathematical Representation of Simple Harmonic Motionp. 454
Energy of the Simple Harmonic Oscillatorp. 462
Comparing Simple Harmonic Motion with Uniform Circular Motionp. 465
The Pendulump. 468
Damped Oscillationsp. 471
Forced Oscillationsp. 472
Wave Motionp. 486
Propagation of a Disturbancep. 487
Sinusoidal Wavesp. 491
The Speed of Waves on Stringsp. 496
Reflection and Transmissionp. 499
Rate of Energy Transfer by Sinusoidal Waves on Stringsp. 501
The Linear Wave Equationp. 503
Sound Wavesp. 512
Speed of Sound Wavesp. 513
Periodic Sound Wavesp. 515
Intensity of Periodic Sound Wavesp. 516
The Doppler Effectp. 522
Digital Sound Recordingp. 528
Motion Picture Soundp. 532
Superposition and Standing Wavesp. 543
Superposition and Interferencep. 544
Standing Wavesp. 549
Standing Waves in a String Fixed at Both Endsp. 552
Resonancep. 558
Standing Waves in Air Columnsp. 559
Standing Waves in Rods and Membranesp. 563
Beats: Interference in Timep. 564
Nonsinusoidal Wave Patternsp. 566
Thermodynamicsp. 579
Temperaturep. 580
Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamicsp. 581
Thermometers and the Celsius Temperature Scalep. 583
The Constant-Volume Gas Thermometer and the Absolute Temperature Scalep. 584
Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquidsp. 586
Macroscopic Description of an Ideal Gasp. 591
Heat and the First Law of Thermodynamicsp. 604
Heat and Internal Energyp. 605
Specific Heat and Calorimetryp. 607
Latent Heatp. 611
Work and Heat in Thermodynamic Processesp. 615
The First Law of Thermodynamicsp. 618
Some Applications of the First Law of Thermodynamicsp. 619
Energy Transfer Mechanismsp. 623
The Kinetic Theory of Gasesp. 640
Molecular Model of an Ideal Gasp. 641
Molar Specific Heat of an Ideal Gasp. 646
Adiabatic Processes for an Ideal Gasp. 649
The Equipartition of Energyp. 650
The Boltzmann Distribution Lawp. 654
Distribution of Molecular Speedsp. 655
Mean Free Pathp. 658
Heat Engines, Entropy, and the Second Law of Thermodynamicsp. 667
Heat Engines and the Second Law of Thermodynamicsp. 669
Heat Pumps and Refrigeratorsp. 671
Reversible and Irreversible Processesp. 673
The Carnot Enginep. 675
Gasoline and Diesel Enginesp. 679
Entropyp. 683
Entropy Changes in Irreversible Processesp. 687
Entropy on a Microscopic Scalep. 690
Electricity and Magnetismp. 705
Electric Fieldsp. 706
Properties of Electric Chargesp. 707
Charging Objects by Inductionp. 709
Coulomb's Lawp. 711
The Electric Fieldp. 715
Electric Field of a Continuous Charge Distributionp. 719
Electric Field Linesp. 723
Motion of Charged Particles in a Uniform Electric Fieldp. 725
Gauss's Lawp. 739
Electric Fluxp. 740
Gauss's Lawp. 743
Application of Gauss's Law to Various Charge Distributionsp. 746
Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibriump. 750
Formal Derivation of Gauss's Lawp. 752
Electric Potentialp. 762
Potential Difference and Electric Potentialp. 763
Potential Differences in a Uniform Electric Fieldp. 765
Electric Potential and Potential Energy Due to Point Chargesp. 768
Obtaining the Value of the Electric Field from the Electric Potentialp. 772
Electric Potential Due to Continuous Charge Distributionsp. 774
Electric Potential Due to a Charged Conductorp. 778
The Millikan Oil-Drop Experimentp. 781
Applications of Electrostaticsp. 782
Capacitance and Dielectricsp. 795
Definition of Capacitancep. 796
Calculating Capacitancep. 797
Combinations of Capacitorsp. 802
Energy Stored in a Charged Capacitorp. 807
Capacitors with Dielectricsp. 810
Electric Dipole in an Electric Fieldp. 815
An Atomic Description of Dielectricsp. 817
Current and Resistancep. 831
Electric Currentp. 832
Resistancep. 835
A Model for Electrical Conductionp. 841
Resistance and Temperaturep. 843
Superconductorsp. 844
Electrical Powerp. 845
Direct Current Circuitsp. 858
Electromotive Forcep. 859
Resistors in Series and Parallelp. 862
Kirchhoff's Rulesp. 869
RC Circuitsp. 873
Electrical Metersp. 879
Household Wiring and Electrical Safetyp. 880
Magnetic Fieldsp. 894
Magnetic Fields and Forcesp. 896
Magnetic Force Acting on a Current-Carrying Conductorp. 900
Torque on a Current Loop in a Uniform Magnetic Fieldp. 904
Motion of a Charged Particle in a Uniform Magnetic Fieldp. 907
Applications Involving Charged Particles Moving in a Magnetic Fieldp. 910
The Hall Effectp. 914
Sources of the Magnetic Fieldp. 926
The Biot-Savart Lawp. 927
The Magnetic Force Between Two Parallel Conductorsp. 932
Ampere's Lawp. 933
The Magnetic Field of a Solenoidp. 938
Magnetic Fluxp. 940
Gauss's Law in Magnetismp. 941
Displacement Current and the General Form of Ampere's Lawp. 942
Magnetism in Matterp. 944
The Magnetic Field of the Earthp. 953
Faraday's Lawp. 967
Faraday's Law of Inductionp. 968
Motional emfp. 973
Lenz's Lawp. 977
Induced emf and Electric Fieldsp. 981
Generators and Motorsp. 982
Eddy Currentsp. 986
Maxwell's Equationsp. 988
Inductancep. 1003
Self-Inductancep. 1004
RL Circuitsp. 1006
Energy in a Magnetic Fieldp. 1011
Mutual Inductancep. 1013
Oscillations in an LC Circuitp. 1015
The RLC Circuitp. 1020
Alternating Current Circuitsp. 1033
AC Sourcesp. 1033
Resistors in an AC Circuitp. 1034
Inductors in an AC Circuitp. 1038
Capacitors in an AC Circuitp. 1041
The RLC Series Circuitp. 1043
Power in an AC Circuitp. 1047
Resonance in a Series RLC Circuitp. 1049
The Transformer and Power Transmissionp. 1052
Rectifiers and Filtersp. 1054
Electromagnetic Wavesp. 1066
Maxwell's Equations and Hertz's Discoveriesp. 1067
Plane Electromagnetic Wavesp. 1069
Energy Carried by Electromagnetic Wavesp. 1074
Momentum and Radiation Pressurep. 1076
Production of Electromagnetic Waves by an Antennap. 1079
The Spectrum of Electromagnetic Wavesp. 1080
Light and Opticsp. 1093
The Nature of Light and the Laws of Geometric Opticsp. 1094
The Nature of Lightp. 1095
Measurements of the Speed of Lightp. 1096
The Ray Approximation in Geometric Opticsp. 1097
Reflectionp. 1098
Refractionp. 1102
Huygens's Principlep. 1107
Dispersion and Prismsp. 1109
Total Internal Reflectionp. 1111
Fermat's Principlep. 1114
Image Formationp. 1126
Images Formed by Flat Mirrorsp. 1127
Images Formed by Spherical Mirrorsp. 1131
Images Formed by Refractionp. 1138
Thin Lensesp. 1141
Lens Aberrationsp. 1152
The Camerap. 1153
The Eyep. 1155
The Simple Magnifierp. 1159
The Compound Microscopep. 1160
The Telescopep. 1162
Interference of Light Wavesp. 1176
Conditions for Interferencep. 1177
Young's Double-Slit Experimentp. 1177
Intensity Distribution of the Double-Slit Interference Patternp. 1182
Phasor Addition of Wavesp. 1184
Change of Phase Due to Reflectionp. 1188
Interference in Thin Filmsp. 1189
The Michelson Interferometerp. 1194
Diffraction Patterns and Polarizationp. 1205
Introduction to Diffraction Patternsp. 1206
Diffraction Patterns from Narrow Slitsp. 1207
Resolution of Single-Slit and Circular Aperturesp. 1214
The Diffraction Gratingp. 1217
Diffraction of X-Rays by Crystalsp. 1224
Polarization of Light Wavesp. 1225
Modern Physicsp. 1243
Relativityp. 1244
The Principle of Galilean Relativityp. 1246
The Michelson-Morley Experimentp. 1248
Einstein's Principle of Relativityp. 1250
Consequences of the Special Theory of Relativityp. 1251
The Lorentz Transformation Equationsp. 1262
The Lorentz Velocity Transformation Equationsp. 1264
Relativistic Linear Momentum and the Relativistic Form of Newton's Lawsp. 1267
Relativistic Energyp. 1268
Mass and Energyp. 1272
The General Theory of Relativityp. 1273
Introduction to Quantum Physicsp. 1284
Blackbody Radiation and Planck's Hypothesisp. 1285
The Photoelectric Effectp. 1291
The Compton Effectp. 1297
Photons and Electromagnetic Wavesp. 1300
The Wave Properties of Particlesp. 1301
The Quantum Particlep. 1304
The Double-Slit Experiment Revisitedp. 1307
The Uncertainty Principlep. 1309
Quantum Mechanicsp. 1321
An Interpretation of Quantum Mechanicsp. 1322
A Particle in a Boxp. 1326
The Particle Under Boundary Conditionsp. 1330
The Schrodinger Equationp. 1331
A Particle in a Well of Finite Heightp. 1334
Tunneling Through a Potential Energy Barrierp. 1336
The Scanning Tunneling Microscopep. 1340
The Simple Harmonic Oscillatorp. 1341
Atomic Physicsp. 1351
Atomic Spectra of Gasesp. 1352
Early Models of the Atomp. 1355
Bohr's Model of the Hydrogen Atomp. 1356
The Quantum Model of the Hydrogen Atomp. 1361
The Wave Functions for Hydrogenp. 1364
Physical Interpretation of the Quantum Numbersp. 1367
The Exclusion Principle and the Periodic Tablep. 1374
More on Atomic Spectra: Visible and X-Rayp. 1380
Spontaneous and Stimulated Transitionsp. 1383
Lasersp. 1385
Molecules and Solidsp. 1398
Molecular Bondsp. 1399
Energy States and Spectra of Moleculesp. 1403
Bonding in Solidsp. 1411
Free-Electron Theory of Metalsp. 1415
Band Theory of Solidsp. 1418
Electrical Conduction in Metals, Insulators, and Semiconductorsp. 1420
Semiconductor Devicesp. 1424
Superconductivityp. 1430
Nuclear Structurep. 1440
Some Properties of Nucleip. 1441
Nuclear Binding Energyp. 1447
Nuclear Modelsp. 1448
Radioactivityp. 1452
The Decay Processp. 1456
Natural Radioactivityp. 1465
Nuclear Reactionsp. 1465
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Magnetic Resonance Imagingp. 1467
Applications of Nuclear Physicsp. 1479
Interactions Involving Neutronsp. 1480
Nuclear Fissionp. 1481
Nuclear Reactorsp. 1483
Nuclear Fusionp. 1487
Radiation Damagep. 1495
Radiation Detectorsp. 1497
Uses of Radiationp. 1500
Particle Physics and Cosmologyp. 1511
The Fundamental Forces in Naturep. 1512
Positrons and Other Antiparticlesp. 1513
Mesons and the Beginning of Particle Physicsp. 1516
Classification of Particlesp. 1518
Conservation Lawsp. 1520
Strange Particles and Strangenessp. 1523
Making Particles and Measuring Their Propertiesp. 1524
Finding Patterns in the Particlesp. 1527
Quarksp. 1529
Multicolored Quarksp. 1532
The Standard Modelp. 1534
The Cosmic Connectionp. 1536
Problems and Perspectivesp. 1542
Tablesp. 1
Conversion Factorsp. 1
Symbols, Dimensions, and Units of Physical Quantitiesp. 2
Table of Atomic Massesp. 4
Mathematics Reviewp. 14
Scientific Notationp. 14
Algebrap. 15
Geometryp. 20
Trigonometryp. 21
Series Expansionsp. 23
Differential Calculusp. 23
Integral Calculusp. 25
Propagation of Uncertaintyp. 28
Periodic Table of the Elementsp. 30
SI Unitsp. 32
Nobel Prizesp. 33
Answers to Odd-Numbered Problemsp. 37
Indexp. 1
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

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