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Purchase Benefits
What is included with this book?
Mechanics | p. 1 |
Physics and Measurement | p. 2 |
Standards of Length, Mass, and Time | p. 4 |
Matter and Model Building | p. 7 |
Density and Atomic Mass | p. 9 |
Dimensional Analysis | p. 10 |
Conversion of Units | p. 12 |
Estimates and Order-of-Magnitude Calculations | p. 13 |
Significant Figures | p. 15 |
Motion in One Dimension | p. 23 |
Position, Velocity, and Speed | p. 24 |
Instantaneous Velocity and Speed | p. 28 |
Acceleration | p. 31 |
Motion Diagrams | p. 34 |
One-Dimensional Motion with Constant Acceleration | p. 36 |
Freely Falling Objects | p. 40 |
Kinematic Equations Derived from Calculus | p. 44 |
General Problem-Solving Strategy | p. 47 |
Vectors | p. 58 |
Coordinate Systems | p. 59 |
Vector and Scalar Quantities | p. 60 |
Some Properties of Vectors | p. 61 |
Components of a Vector and Unit Vectors | p. 65 |
Motion in Two Dimensions | p. 77 |
The Position, Velocity, and Acceleration Vectors | p. 78 |
Two-Dimensional Motion with Constant Acceleration | p. 80 |
Projectile Motion | p. 83 |
Uniform Circular Motion | p. 91 |
Tangential and Radial Acceleration | p. 94 |
Relative Velocity and Relative Acceleration | p. 96 |
The Laws of Motion | p. 111 |
The Concept of Force | p. 112 |
Newton's First Law and Inertial Frames | p. 114 |
Mass | p. 116 |
Newton's Second Law | p. 116 |
The Gravitational Force and Weight | p. 119 |
Newton's Third Law | p. 120 |
Some Applications of Newton's Laws | p. 122 |
Forces of Friction | p. 131 |
Circular Motion and Other Applications of Newton's Laws | p. 150 |
Newton's Second Law Applied to Uniform Circular Motion | p. 151 |
Nonuniform Circular Motion | p. 157 |
Motion in Accelerated Frames | p. 159 |
Motion in the Presence of Resistive Forces | p. 162 |
Numerical Modeling in Particle Dynamics | p. 167 |
Energy and Energy Transfer | p. 181 |
Systems and Environments | p. 182 |
Work Done by a Constant Force | p. 183 |
The Scalar Product of Two Vectors | p. 186 |
Work Done by a Varying Force | p. 188 |
Kinetic Energy and the Work-Kinetic Energy Theorem | p. 193 |
The Nonisolated System--Conservation of Energy | p. 196 |
Situations Involving Kinetic Friction | p. 199 |
Power | p. 203 |
Energy and the Automobile | p. 205 |
Potential Energy | p. 217 |
Potential Energy of a System | p. 218 |
The Isolated System--Conservation of Mechanical Energy | p. 220 |
Conservative and Nonconservative Forces | p. 228 |
Changes in Mechanical Energy for Nonconservative Forces | p. 229 |
Relationship Between Conservative Forces and Potential Energy | p. 234 |
Energy Diagrams and Equilibrium of a System | p. 236 |
Linear Momentum and Collisions | p. 251 |
Linear Momentum and Its Conservation | p. 252 |
Impulse and Momentum | p. 256 |
Collisions in One Dimension | p. 260 |
Two-Dimensional Collisions | p. 267 |
The Center of Mass | p. 270 |
Motion of a System of Particles | p. 274 |
Rocket Propulsion | p. 277 |
Rotation of a Rigid Object About a Fixed Axis | p. 292 |
Angular Position, Velocity, and Acceleration | p. 293 |
Rotational Kinematics: Rotational Motion with Constant Angular Acceleration | p. 296 |
Angular and Linear Quantities | p. 297 |
Rotational Kinetic Energy | p. 300 |
Calculation of Moments of Inertia | p. 302 |
Torque | p. 306 |
Relationship Between Torque and Angular Acceleration | p. 307 |
Work, Power, and Energy in Rotational Motion | p. 312 |
Rolling Motion of a Rigid Object | p. 316 |
Angular Momentum | p. 336 |
The Vector Product and Torque | p. 337 |
Angular Momentum | p. 339 |
Angular Momentum of a Rotating Rigid Object | p. 343 |
Conservation of Angular Momentum | p. 345 |
The Motion of Gyroscopes and Tops | p. 350 |
Angular Momentum as a Fundamental Quantity | p. 351 |
Static Equilibrium and Elasticity | p. 362 |
The Conditions for Equilibrium | p. 363 |
More on the Center of Gravity | p. 365 |
Examples of Rigid Objects in Static Equilibrium | p. 366 |
Elastic Properties of Solids | p. 373 |
Universal Gravitation | p. 389 |
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation | p. 390 |
Measuring the Gravitational Constant | p. 393 |
Free-Fall Acceleration and the Gravitational Force | p. 394 |
Kepler's Laws and the Motion of Planets | p. 396 |
The Gravitational Field | p. 401 |
Gravitational Potential Energy | p. 403 |
Energy Considerations in Planetary and Satellite Motion | p. 405 |
Fluid Mechanics | p. 420 |
Pressure | p. 421 |
Variation of Pressure with Depth | p. 423 |
Pressure Measurements | p. 426 |
Buoyant Forces and Archimedes's Principle | p. 427 |
Fluid Dynamics | p. 431 |
Bernoulli's Equation | p. 433 |
Other Applications of Fluid Dynamics | p. 436 |
Oscillations and Mechanical Waves | p. 451 |
Oscillatory Motion | p. 452 |
Motion of an Object Attached to a Spring | p. 453 |
Mathematical Representation of Simple Harmonic Motion | p. 454 |
Energy of the Simple Harmonic Oscillator | p. 462 |
Comparing Simple Harmonic Motion with Uniform Circular Motion | p. 465 |
The Pendulum | p. 468 |
Damped Oscillations | p. 471 |
Forced Oscillations | p. 472 |
Wave Motion | p. 486 |
Propagation of a Disturbance | p. 487 |
Sinusoidal Waves | p. 491 |
The Speed of Waves on Strings | p. 496 |
Reflection and Transmission | p. 499 |
Rate of Energy Transfer by Sinusoidal Waves on Strings | p. 501 |
The Linear Wave Equation | p. 503 |
Sound Waves | p. 512 |
Speed of Sound Waves | p. 513 |
Periodic Sound Waves | p. 515 |
Intensity of Periodic Sound Waves | p. 516 |
The Doppler Effect | p. 522 |
Digital Sound Recording | p. 528 |
Motion Picture Sound | p. 532 |
Superposition and Standing Waves | p. 543 |
Superposition and Interference | p. 544 |
Standing Waves | p. 549 |
Standing Waves in a String Fixed at Both Ends | p. 552 |
Resonance | p. 558 |
Standing Waves in Air Columns | p. 559 |
Standing Waves in Rods and Membranes | p. 563 |
Beats: Interference in Time | p. 564 |
Nonsinusoidal Wave Patterns | p. 566 |
Thermodynamics | p. 579 |
Temperature | p. 580 |
Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics | p. 581 |
Thermometers and the Celsius Temperature Scale | p. 583 |
The Constant-Volume Gas Thermometer and the Absolute Temperature Scale | p. 584 |
Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids | p. 586 |
Macroscopic Description of an Ideal Gas | p. 591 |
Heat and the First Law of Thermodynamics | p. 604 |
Heat and Internal Energy | p. 605 |
Specific Heat and Calorimetry | p. 607 |
Latent Heat | p. 611 |
Work and Heat in Thermodynamic Processes | p. 615 |
The First Law of Thermodynamics | p. 618 |
Some Applications of the First Law of Thermodynamics | p. 619 |
Energy Transfer Mechanisms | p. 623 |
The Kinetic Theory of Gases | p. 640 |
Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas | p. 641 |
Molar Specific Heat of an Ideal Gas | p. 646 |
Adiabatic Processes for an Ideal Gas | p. 649 |
The Equipartition of Energy | p. 650 |
The Boltzmann Distribution Law | p. 654 |
Distribution of Molecular Speeds | p. 655 |
Mean Free Path | p. 658 |
Heat Engines, Entropy, and the Second Law of Thermodynamics | p. 667 |
Heat Engines and the Second Law of Thermodynamics | p. 669 |
Heat Pumps and Refrigerators | p. 671 |
Reversible and Irreversible Processes | p. 673 |
The Carnot Engine | p. 675 |
Gasoline and Diesel Engines | p. 679 |
Entropy | p. 683 |
Entropy Changes in Irreversible Processes | p. 687 |
Entropy on a Microscopic Scale | p. 690 |
Electricity and Magnetism | p. 705 |
Electric Fields | p. 706 |
Properties of Electric Charges | p. 707 |
Charging Objects by Induction | p. 709 |
Coulomb's Law | p. 711 |
The Electric Field | p. 715 |
Electric Field of a Continuous Charge Distribution | p. 719 |
Electric Field Lines | p. 723 |
Motion of Charged Particles in a Uniform Electric Field | p. 725 |
Gauss's Law | p. 739 |
Electric Flux | p. 740 |
Gauss's Law | p. 743 |
Application of Gauss's Law to Various Charge Distributions | p. 746 |
Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium | p. 750 |
Formal Derivation of Gauss's Law | p. 752 |
Electric Potential | p. 762 |
Potential Difference and Electric Potential | p. 763 |
Potential Differences in a Uniform Electric Field | p. 765 |
Electric Potential and Potential Energy Due to Point Charges | p. 768 |
Obtaining the Value of the Electric Field from the Electric Potential | p. 772 |
Electric Potential Due to Continuous Charge Distributions | p. 774 |
Electric Potential Due to a Charged Conductor | p. 778 |
The Millikan Oil-Drop Experiment | p. 781 |
Applications of Electrostatics | p. 782 |
Capacitance and Dielectrics | p. 795 |
Definition of Capacitance | p. 796 |
Calculating Capacitance | p. 797 |
Combinations of Capacitors | p. 802 |
Energy Stored in a Charged Capacitor | p. 807 |
Capacitors with Dielectrics | p. 810 |
Electric Dipole in an Electric Field | p. 815 |
An Atomic Description of Dielectrics | p. 817 |
Current and Resistance | p. 831 |
Electric Current | p. 832 |
Resistance | p. 835 |
A Model for Electrical Conduction | p. 841 |
Resistance and Temperature | p. 843 |
Superconductors | p. 844 |
Electrical Power | p. 845 |
Direct Current Circuits | p. 858 |
Electromotive Force | p. 859 |
Resistors in Series and Parallel | p. 862 |
Kirchhoff's Rules | p. 869 |
RC Circuits | p. 873 |
Electrical Meters | p. 879 |
Household Wiring and Electrical Safety | p. 880 |
Magnetic Fields | p. 894 |
Magnetic Fields and Forces | p. 896 |
Magnetic Force Acting on a Current-Carrying Conductor | p. 900 |
Torque on a Current Loop in a Uniform Magnetic Field | p. 904 |
Motion of a Charged Particle in a Uniform Magnetic Field | p. 907 |
Applications Involving Charged Particles Moving in a Magnetic Field | p. 910 |
The Hall Effect | p. 914 |
Sources of the Magnetic Field | p. 926 |
The Biot-Savart Law | p. 927 |
The Magnetic Force Between Two Parallel Conductors | p. 932 |
Ampere's Law | p. 933 |
The Magnetic Field of a Solenoid | p. 938 |
Magnetic Flux | p. 940 |
Gauss's Law in Magnetism | p. 941 |
Displacement Current and the General Form of Ampere's Law | p. 942 |
Magnetism in Matter | p. 944 |
The Magnetic Field of the Earth | p. 953 |
Faraday's Law | p. 967 |
Faraday's Law of Induction | p. 968 |
Motional emf | p. 973 |
Lenz's Law | p. 977 |
Induced emf and Electric Fields | p. 981 |
Generators and Motors | p. 982 |
Eddy Currents | p. 986 |
Maxwell's Equations | p. 988 |
Inductance | p. 1003 |
Self-Inductance | p. 1004 |
RL Circuits | p. 1006 |
Energy in a Magnetic Field | p. 1011 |
Mutual Inductance | p. 1013 |
Oscillations in an LC Circuit | p. 1015 |
The RLC Circuit | p. 1020 |
Alternating Current Circuits | p. 1033 |
AC Sources | p. 1033 |
Resistors in an AC Circuit | p. 1034 |
Inductors in an AC Circuit | p. 1038 |
Capacitors in an AC Circuit | p. 1041 |
The RLC Series Circuit | p. 1043 |
Power in an AC Circuit | p. 1047 |
Resonance in a Series RLC Circuit | p. 1049 |
The Transformer and Power Transmission | p. 1052 |
Rectifiers and Filters | p. 1054 |
Electromagnetic Waves | p. 1066 |
Maxwell's Equations and Hertz's Discoveries | p. 1067 |
Plane Electromagnetic Waves | p. 1069 |
Energy Carried by Electromagnetic Waves | p. 1074 |
Momentum and Radiation Pressure | p. 1076 |
Production of Electromagnetic Waves by an Antenna | p. 1079 |
The Spectrum of Electromagnetic Waves | p. 1080 |
Light and Optics | p. 1093 |
The Nature of Light and the Laws of Geometric Optics | p. 1094 |
The Nature of Light | p. 1095 |
Measurements of the Speed of Light | p. 1096 |
The Ray Approximation in Geometric Optics | p. 1097 |
Reflection | p. 1098 |
Refraction | p. 1102 |
Huygens's Principle | p. 1107 |
Dispersion and Prisms | p. 1109 |
Total Internal Reflection | p. 1111 |
Fermat's Principle | p. 1114 |
Image Formation | p. 1126 |
Images Formed by Flat Mirrors | p. 1127 |
Images Formed by Spherical Mirrors | p. 1131 |
Images Formed by Refraction | p. 1138 |
Thin Lenses | p. 1141 |
Lens Aberrations | p. 1152 |
The Camera | p. 1153 |
The Eye | p. 1155 |
The Simple Magnifier | p. 1159 |
The Compound Microscope | p. 1160 |
The Telescope | p. 1162 |
Interference of Light Waves | p. 1176 |
Conditions for Interference | p. 1177 |
Young's Double-Slit Experiment | p. 1177 |
Intensity Distribution of the Double-Slit Interference Pattern | p. 1182 |
Phasor Addition of Waves | p. 1184 |
Change of Phase Due to Reflection | p. 1188 |
Interference in Thin Films | p. 1189 |
The Michelson Interferometer | p. 1194 |
Diffraction Patterns and Polarization | p. 1205 |
Introduction to Diffraction Patterns | p. 1206 |
Diffraction Patterns from Narrow Slits | p. 1207 |
Resolution of Single-Slit and Circular Apertures | p. 1214 |
The Diffraction Grating | p. 1217 |
Diffraction of X-Rays by Crystals | p. 1224 |
Polarization of Light Waves | p. 1225 |
Modern Physics | p. 1243 |
Relativity | p. 1244 |
The Principle of Galilean Relativity | p. 1246 |
The Michelson-Morley Experiment | p. 1248 |
Einstein's Principle of Relativity | p. 1250 |
Consequences of the Special Theory of Relativity | p. 1251 |
The Lorentz Transformation Equations | p. 1262 |
The Lorentz Velocity Transformation Equations | p. 1264 |
Relativistic Linear Momentum and the Relativistic Form of Newton's Laws | p. 1267 |
Relativistic Energy | p. 1268 |
Mass and Energy | p. 1272 |
The General Theory of Relativity | p. 1273 |
Introduction to Quantum Physics | p. 1284 |
Blackbody Radiation and Planck's Hypothesis | p. 1285 |
The Photoelectric Effect | p. 1291 |
The Compton Effect | p. 1297 |
Photons and Electromagnetic Waves | p. 1300 |
The Wave Properties of Particles | p. 1301 |
The Quantum Particle | p. 1304 |
The Double-Slit Experiment Revisited | p. 1307 |
The Uncertainty Principle | p. 1309 |
Quantum Mechanics | p. 1321 |
An Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics | p. 1322 |
A Particle in a Box | p. 1326 |
The Particle Under Boundary Conditions | p. 1330 |
The Schrodinger Equation | p. 1331 |
A Particle in a Well of Finite Height | p. 1334 |
Tunneling Through a Potential Energy Barrier | p. 1336 |
The Scanning Tunneling Microscope | p. 1340 |
The Simple Harmonic Oscillator | p. 1341 |
Atomic Physics | p. 1351 |
Atomic Spectra of Gases | p. 1352 |
Early Models of the Atom | p. 1355 |
Bohr's Model of the Hydrogen Atom | p. 1356 |
The Quantum Model of the Hydrogen Atom | p. 1361 |
The Wave Functions for Hydrogen | p. 1364 |
Physical Interpretation of the Quantum Numbers | p. 1367 |
The Exclusion Principle and the Periodic Table | p. 1374 |
More on Atomic Spectra: Visible and X-Ray | p. 1380 |
Spontaneous and Stimulated Transitions | p. 1383 |
Lasers | p. 1385 |
Molecules and Solids | p. 1398 |
Molecular Bonds | p. 1399 |
Energy States and Spectra of Molecules | p. 1403 |
Bonding in Solids | p. 1411 |
Free-Electron Theory of Metals | p. 1415 |
Band Theory of Solids | p. 1418 |
Electrical Conduction in Metals, Insulators, and Semiconductors | p. 1420 |
Semiconductor Devices | p. 1424 |
Superconductivity | p. 1430 |
Nuclear Structure | p. 1440 |
Some Properties of Nuclei | p. 1441 |
Nuclear Binding Energy | p. 1447 |
Nuclear Models | p. 1448 |
Radioactivity | p. 1452 |
The Decay Process | p. 1456 |
Natural Radioactivity | p. 1465 |
Nuclear Reactions | p. 1465 |
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Magnetic Resonance Imaging | p. 1467 |
Applications of Nuclear Physics | p. 1479 |
Interactions Involving Neutrons | p. 1480 |
Nuclear Fission | p. 1481 |
Nuclear Reactors | p. 1483 |
Nuclear Fusion | p. 1487 |
Radiation Damage | p. 1495 |
Radiation Detectors | p. 1497 |
Uses of Radiation | p. 1500 |
Particle Physics and Cosmology | p. 1511 |
The Fundamental Forces in Nature | p. 1512 |
Positrons and Other Antiparticles | p. 1513 |
Mesons and the Beginning of Particle Physics | p. 1516 |
Classification of Particles | p. 1518 |
Conservation Laws | p. 1520 |
Strange Particles and Strangeness | p. 1523 |
Making Particles and Measuring Their Properties | p. 1524 |
Finding Patterns in the Particles | p. 1527 |
Quarks | p. 1529 |
Multicolored Quarks | p. 1532 |
The Standard Model | p. 1534 |
The Cosmic Connection | p. 1536 |
Problems and Perspectives | p. 1542 |
Tables | p. 1 |
Conversion Factors | p. 1 |
Symbols, Dimensions, and Units of Physical Quantities | p. 2 |
Table of Atomic Masses | p. 4 |
Mathematics Review | p. 14 |
Scientific Notation | p. 14 |
Algebra | p. 15 |
Geometry | p. 20 |
Trigonometry | p. 21 |
Series Expansions | p. 23 |
Differential Calculus | p. 23 |
Integral Calculus | p. 25 |
Propagation of Uncertainty | p. 28 |
Periodic Table of the Elements | p. 30 |
SI Units | p. 32 |
Nobel Prizes | p. 33 |
Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems | p. 37 |
Index | p. 1 |
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