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9781319247607

A Pocket Guide to Public Speaking

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781319247607

  • ISBN10:

    1319247601

  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Spiral Bound
  • Copyright: 2022-10-21
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

O’Hair, A Pocket Guide to Public Speaking is a student success guide to public speaking in an abbreviated, easy-to-use format.

Table of Contents

Contents



Part 1 • Getting Started  



1. Becoming a Public Speaker
Gain a Vital Life Skill
The Classical Roots of Public Speaking
Learning to Speak in Public
Public Speaking as a Form of Communication
Public Speaking as an Interactive Communication Process



2. From A to Z: Overview of a Speech
Analyze the Audience
Select a Topic
Determine the Speech Purpose
Compose a Thesis Statement
Develop the Main Points
Separate the Speech into Its Major Parts
Outline the Speech
Consider Presentation Aids
Practice Delivering the Speech


3. Managing Speech Anxiety
Identify What Makes You Anxious           
Pinpoint the Onset of Anxiety
Use Proven Strategies to Build Your Confidence
Activate the Relaxation Response
Use Movement to Minimize Anxiety
Learn from Feedback



4. Listeners and Speakers
Recognize the Centrality of Listening
Recognize that We Listen Selectively
Anticipate Obstacles to Listening
Practice Active Listening
Strive for the Open and Respectful Exchange of Ideas
Evaluate Evidence and Reasoning
Offer Constructive and Compassionate Criticism


5. Ethical Public Speaking
Demonstrate Competence and Character
Respect Your Listeners’ Values
Contribute to Positive Public Discourse
Use Your Rights of Free Speech Responsibly
Observe Ethical Ground Rules
Avoid Plagiarism
Fair Use, Copyright, and Ethical Speaking


Part 2 • Development  


6. Analyzing the Audience
Adapt to Audience Psychology: Who Are Your Listeners? 
Adapt Your Message to Audience Demographics
Disability
Adapt to Diverse Audiences
Tools for Learning About Your Audience
Analyze the Speech Setting and Context      


7. Selecting a Topic and Purpose
Explore Topics for Your Speech
Identify the General Purpose of Your Speech
Refine the Topic and Purpose
From Source to Speech: Narrowing Your Topic


8. Developing Supporting Material
Offer Examples
Share Stories
Draw on Testimony
Provide Facts and Statistics


9. Finding Credible Sources in Print and Online
Assess Your Research Needs
Use Library Portals to Access Credible Sources
Recognize Propaganda, Misinformation, and Disinformation
Investigate a Mix of Primary and Secondary Sources
From Source to Speech: Evaluating Web Sources


10. Citing Sources in Your Speech
Alert Listeners to Key Source Information
Avoid a Mechanical Delivery
Types of Sources and Sample Oral Citations


Part 3 • Organizing and Outlining 



11. Structuring the Speech
Use Main Points to Make Your Claims
Use Supporting Points to Substantiate Your Claims
Pay Close Attention to Coordination and Subordination     
Strive for a Unified, Coherent, and Balanced Organization
Use Transitions to Give Direction to the Speech
From Point to Point: Using Transitions to Guide Your Listeners


12. Selecting an Organizational Pattern
Arranging Speech Points Chronologically
Arranging Speech Points Using a Spatial Pattern
Arranging Speech Points Using a Causal (Cause-Effect) Pattern
Arranging Speech Points Using a Problem-Solution Pattern
Arranging Speech Points Topically
Arranging Speech Points Using a Narrative Pattern


13. Creating Working and Speaking Outlines
Plan on Creating Two Outlines
Create a Working Outline First
Prepare a Speaking Outline for Delivery


Part 4 • Starting, Finishing, and Styling                                         


14. Developing the Introduction and Conclusion                                                                                 Preparing the Introduction   
Preparing the Conclusion


15. Using Language
Use an Oral Style
Choose Concrete Language and Vivid Imagery
Choose Words that Build Credibility
Choose Language that Creates a Lasting Impression


Part 5 • Delivery 
                                                                          
16. Methods of Delivery
Keys to Effective Delivery
Select a Method of Delivery


17. Your Voice in Delivery
Adjust Your Speaking Volume
Vary Your Intonation
Adjust Your Speaking Rate
Use Strategic Pauses
Strive for Vocal Variety
Carefully Pronounce and Articulate Words
Use Dialect (Language Variation) Strategically


18. Your Body in Delivery
Pay Attention to Body Language
Practice the Delivery
From Weak to Confident Delivery: Enhancing Your Delivery with Body Language


Part 6 • Presentation Aids                 


19. Speaking with Presentation Aids 
Select an Appropriate Aid
Options for Showing Presentation Aids


20. Designing Presentation Aids       
Keep the Design Simple
Use Design Elements Consistently
Select Appropriate Typeface Styles and Fonts
Use Color Carefully
Consider Subjective Interpretations of Color


21. Using Presentation Software      
Give a Speech, Not a Slide Show
Develop a Plan
Avoid Technical Glitches
Find Media for Presentations
From Slide Show to Presentation: Getting Ready to Deliver a Powerpoint, Keynote, or Prezi Presentation
Avoid Copyright Infringement


Part 7 • Types of Speeches                


22. Informative Speaking                        
Use Audience Analysis
Present New and Interesting Information
Look for Ways to Increase Understanding
Subject Matter of Informative Speeches
Decide How to Communicate Your Information
Take Steps to Reduce Confusion
Arrange Points in a Pattern
 SAMPLE INFORMATIVE SPEECH: Saundra Dixon, Going Carbon Neutral on Campus


23. Principles of Persuasive Speaking
Persuasive Speeches Appeal to Human Psychology
Classical Persuasive Appeals: Logos, Pathos, and Ethos
Contemporary Persuasive Appeals: Needs and Motivations


24. Constructing the Persuasive Speech
Identify the Nature of Your Claims
Use Convincing Evidence
Select Warrants
Counterarguments: Addressing the Other Side
Avoid Fallacies in Reasoning
Strengthen Your Case with Organization
SAMPLE PERSUASIVE SPEECH: Jacob Hahn, Becoming a Socially Conscious  Consumer
SAMPLE PERSUASIVE SPEECH: Greta Thunberg, Keynote Speech, Youth4Climate Summit, Milan, Italy


25. Speaking on Special Occasions
Functions of Special Occasion Speeches
Types of Special Occasion Speeches
SAMPLE SPECIAL OCCASION SPEECH: U.S. Congressman John Lewis, Dedication of  National Museum of African American History and Culture


Part 8 • Online, Group, and Business Contexts 000


26. Preparing Online Presentations
Apply Your Knowledge to Face-to-Face Speaking
Plan for the Unique Demands of Online Delivery
Plan the Delivery Mode
Choose an Online Presentation Format


27. Communicating in Groups
Focus on Goals
Plan on Assuming Dual Roles
Center Disagreements around Issues
Resist Groupthink
Adopt an Effective Leadership Style


28. Delivering Group Presentations
Use Group Communication Guidelines
Presenting in Panels, Symposia, and Forums


29. Business and Professional Presentations
Become Familiar with Reports and Proposals


Part 9 • Speaking in Other College Courses 


30. Presentations Assigned Across the Curriculum   Journal Article Review
Service Learning Presentation
Poster Presentation
Debate
Case Study
Prepare for Different Types of Audiences


31. Presentations in Science and Math Courses
Preparing Effective Presentations in Science and Math
Research Presentation
Field Study Presentation


32. Presentations in Technical and STEM Courses   
Preparing Effective Technical Presentations
Engineering Design Review
Architecture Design Review
Request for Funding


33. Presentations in Social Science Courses    
Preparing Effective Presentations in the Social Sciences
Review of the Literature Presentation
Program Evaluation Presentation
Policy Proposal Report


34. Presentations in Arts and Humanities Courses    
Preparing Effective Arts and Humanities Presentations
Interpreting and Analyzing a Work
Making Comparisons and Contrasts
Engaging in Debates


35. Presentations in Education Courses        
Preparing Effective Education Presentations
Delivering a Lecture
Facilitating a Group Activity
Leading a Classroom Discussion


36. Presentations in Nursing and Allied Health Courses      Preparing Effective Presentations in Nursing and Allied Health Courses
Evidence-Based Practice Presentation
Clinical Case Study Presentation
Quality Improvement Proposal
Treatment Plan Report


Appendices                                         
A. Citation Guidelines                      
B. Question-and-Answer Sessions  
C. Tips for Non-Native Speakers of English  


Glossary 

Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

The Used, Rental and eBook copies of this book are not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

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