Power & Choice: An Introduction to Political Science

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  • Edition: 12th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-12-07
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
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This is a comparative, conceptual introduction to political science, organized topically rather than country-by-country, providing in-depth examples at the end of most chapters to provide greater richness about various countries than a topical treatment would normally provide. The theme of "power and choice," based on a definition of politics as the making of collective choices for a group or state through the use of power, runs through much of the text.

Author Biography

W. PHILLIPS SHIVELY is Professor of Political Science at the University of Minnesota, where he moved in 1971 after teaching at the University of Oregon and Yale University. He has also served as Visiting Professor at the University of Oslo in Norway. His research, which has appeared in numerous articles, deals with the comparative study of elections, and he has written The Craft of Political Research, an introduction to research techniques. He has also had practical political experience as a lobbyist in Minnesota. His true love is bird-watching.

Table of Contents

The Idea of Politics
Politics: Setting the Stage
Politics as the Making of Common Decisions
Politics as the Exercise of Power
Politics as the Exercise of Choice
Power and Choice
Politics of the State
Political Science
The Pleasures of Politics
Modern Ideologies and Political Philosophy
American Ideologies
The Conservative Reaction
The Socialist Alternative
Communism and Socialism
Ideologies in the Twenty-first Century
Religion, Politics, and Political Philosophy
Political Philosophy in Other Historical Eras
The State and Public Policy
The Modern State
The Development of the Modern State
The Origin of States: Power or Choice?
The State as a Device to Provide Public Goods
"State," "Nation," and the "Nation-State"
Government and the State
Challenges to the State
Some Possible Alternatives
Example: State Building in Nigeria
Example: State Building in the European Union
Policies of the State
The Role of Government in the Third World
Constraints and Conditions for Policy
Defense Policy
Research and Development
Health and Social Welfare
Democracy and Public Policy
The Place of Power in Policy Analysis
Example: The Demographic Challenge
Example: Economic Development Compared with "Human Development"
Example: Uganda: An African AIDS Success Story
Economic Policy of the State
Economic Performance 1: Growth
Economic Performance 2: Controlling Inflation and Unemployment
Managing Distribution to Address inequality
Independent Central Banks
Other Measures Available to Government
Globalization: Are States Losing their Ability to Make Economic Policy?
Political Economy
Example: Economic Policy in Germany
Example: Economic Policy in Indonesia
What Lies Behind Policy: Questions of Justice and Efficiency
The Problem of Justice
Other Aspects of Justice: Procedural Justice
A Basic Question of Effectiveness: Authority Versus the Market
The Need to Act, Even Under Uncertainty
Example: Political Choice
The Citizen and the Regime
Democracy and Autocracy
The Coming and Going of Democracy
Possible Explanations
What Did We Learn From the Third Wave?
Why Are Prosperous Countries Likely to Be Democracies?
Democracy and Freedom
Democracy and Capitalism
Military Government
Why Aren't There More Military Governments?
One-Party States
Monarchies and Theocracies
Democracy Versus Autocracy: Material Considerations
"Power and Choice" Again
Example: Democratization in Spain
Example: Fragile Democracy in Peru
Example: Theocracy in Iran
How Individuals Relate to the State, and the State to the Individual
Legitimacy and Authority
Sources of Legitimacy
The "Democratic Citizen"
How Well are These Requirements Met?
Social Capital
Political Culture
An Application of Political Culture: Robert Kagan's Of Paradise and Power
Religion and Politics
Political Socialization
Example: Building Authority and Legitimacy in West Germany After World War II
Example: Declining Democratic legitimacy in the United States
The Apparatus of Governance
Constitutions and the Design of Government
Variations in Formality
The Virtue of Vagueness
Other Principles of Constitutional Design
The Geographic Concentration of Power
"Federal" and "Unitary" States
The Distinction Between "Unitary" and "Centralized" States
How Much Centralization is Good?
Constitutions and Guarantees of Rights
"Constitutionalism" and the Rule of Law
Example: Constitutional Government in Great Britain
Example: Constitutional Government in Russia
Elections as a Means of Building Support
Elections as a Means of Selecting Leaders and Policies
Electoral Systems
Electoral Participation
Effects of Choice and Information on Turnout
The Paradox of Voting
The Bases of Individuals' Electoral Choices
Example: Proportional Representation Elections in Israel
Example: Elections in Nigeria
Parties: A Linking and Leading Mechanism in Politics
The Political Party
Origins of the Modern Party
Political Parties and the Mobilization of the Masses
Political Parties and the Recruitment and Socialization of Leaders
Political Parties as a Source of Political Identity
Political Parties as a Channel of Control
Party Organization
Party Finance
Political Party Systems
Power and Choice
Example: The Communist Party of China
Example: Canada's Political Parties
Structured Conflict: Interest Groups and Politics
Interest Groups and Representation
Types of Interest Groups
Tactics of Interest Groups
Patterns of Organized Interest-Group Activity
Pluralism and Neocorporatism: Power and Choice
Example: Interest Groups in France
Example: Interest Groups in Japan: Attenuated Neocorporatism
Social Movements and Contentious Politics
Why Now?
Social Movements as a Public Goods Problem
Advantages (and Disadvantages) of Informal Organization
Example: The Rubber Tappers of Acre
Example: The "Orange Revolution" in Ukraine
National Decision-Making Institutions: Parliamentary Government
Head of State
The Cabinet
Cabinet Control
What Does A Parliament Do?
Parliamentary Committees
Advantages and Disadvantages of Parliamentary Government
Let's Make Sure I Haven't Made This Sound Too Simple
"Consensus" Parliamentarism
Parliaments in Autocratic Systems
Example: Parliamentary Government in India
Example: Parliamentary Government in Germany
National Decision-Making Institutions: Presidential Government
Presidential and Parliamentary Systems Compared
Responsibility for Policy
Presidential Systems and Comprehensive Policy
Recruitment of Executive Leaders
Review and Control of the Executive
Flexibility of the Political Process
The Split Executive of Parliamentary Systems
Why Aren't All Democracies parliamentary Systems?
Democracy and the Question of Accountability
A Note on Institutions and Power
Example: Presidential Hybrid in France
Example: Presidential Government in Mexico
Bureaucracy and the Public Sector
Public Administration as a Political Problem
Characteristics of Good Public Administration
"Bureaucracy": A Reform of the Nineteenth Century
Bureaucracy Versus Flexibility
The Problem of Protected Incompetence
Adjustments to Bureaucracy
Social Representativeness of Public Administration
Example: The French Bureaucracy
Example: Bureaucratic Cultures in Europe and Africa
Law and the Courts
Anglo-Saxon Case Law
Continental European Code Law
The Blending of Case Law and Code Law
Religious Law: The Sharia
Judicial Review
Example: The Law in China
Example: The European Court of Justice
International Politics
Global Politics: Politics Among States (And Others)
The Evolution of the International System Since World War II
The World Since the Cold War
International Politics
The Absence of Central Authority
Fiduciary Political Roles and International Morality
Impediments to Political Communication
Power and International Politics
The Process of International Politics
Power and Choice in International Politics
Example: An International Failure: Rwanda
Example: The United Nations
Appendix: Principles of Political Analysis
What Makes a Statement Interesting?
Causation and Explanation
Historical Explanation
A Few Common Pitfalls in Analysis
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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