Practical Veterinary Urinalysis

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Spiral Bound
  • Copyright: 2012-03-20
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

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Practical Veterinary Urinalysis is a well-illustrated laboratory manual for obtaining accurate results and interpreting the findings of urine evaluation. Presenting a comprehensive, clinically relevant resource for sample handling, proper testing methodology, microscopic evaluation, and analysis, the book is an ideal bench-top guide for use in the veterinary laboratory. With an emphasis on the practical information necessary to incorporating urinalysis techniques in daily practice, Practical Veterinary Urinalysis offers clear guidance on urinalysis as a diagnostic tool. Beginning with an overview of renal physiology and urine production, the heart of the book is devoted to examining and analyzing urine samples, including physical properties, chemical analysis, and sediment analysis. Chapters also cover advanced diagnostics, with state-of-the-art methodologies and procedures such as microalbuminuria, and laboratory set-up, including physical and equipment requirements and quality assurance information. Practical Veterinary Urinalysis is an invaluable tool to achieving reliable results and a useful addition to any practice library.

Author Biography

Carolyn A. Sink MS, MT(ASCP), supervises Diagnostic and Support Services in the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine in Blacksburg, Virginia.

Nicole M. Weinstein DVM, DACVP (Clinical Pathology), is the section chief of Laboratory Services in the Veterinary Teaching Hospital and an Assistant Professor in the Department of Pathobiology and Biomedical Sciences at Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine in Blacksburg, Virginia.

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Functional Renal Physiology and Urine Productionp. 1
Glomerular filtrationp. 1
Tubular reabsorption and secretionp. 3
Collecting tubulesp. 5
Renal function and measures of renal functionp. 5
Laboratory assessment of renal functionp. 6
Specimen Procurementp. 9
Laboratory defi nitions for collection methodsp. 9
Urine specimen containersp. 12
Specimen handling and preservationp. 15
Types of urine specimensp. 16
Routine Urinalysis: Physical Propertiesp. 19
Solute concentrationp. 19
Urine colorp. 25
Routine Urinalysis: Chemical Analysisp. 29
pHp. 29
Proteinp. 32
Glucosep. 38
Ketonep. 40
Bloodp. 42
Bilirubinp. 45
Urobilinogenp. 48
Nitritep. 49
Leukocyte esterasep. 50
Specific gravityp. 51
Routine Urinalysis: Microscopic Elementsp. 55
Urine sediment preparationp. 55
Examination of urine sedimentp. 57
Microscopic elements of urine sedimentp. 59
Proteinuriap. 113
Protein handling by the kidneyp. 113
Signifi cance of proteinuriap. 116
Laboratory diagnosis of proteinuriap. 117
Recommendations regarding diagnosis of proteinuriap. 126
Additional considerations for proteinuriap. 126
Advanced Diagnosticsp. 133
Detection of bacteriuria versus diagnosis of urinary tract infectionp. 133
Urinary tract cytologyp. 136
Fractional excretionp. 147
Urinary biomarkersp. 149
Laboratory Quality Assurancep. 155
Physical requirements of the laboratoryp. 155
Laboratory equipmentp. 157
Reagents and supplies for the urinalysis laboratoryp. 160
Laboratory wastep. 160
Quality control in the urinalysis laboratoryp. 161
Procedure manualsp. 163
Indexp. 165
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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