Practitioner's Guide to Using Research for Evidence-based Practice

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-08-01
  • Publisher: WILEY JOHN & SONS INC

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Written by a proven author and top scholar in research methods, Practitioner's Guide to Using Research for Evidence-Based Practice gives essential and practical guidance on how to integrate research appraisal into evidence-based practice endeavors to ensure best client care. This practitioner-oriented book provides readers across the helping professions with the step-by-step skills they need to effectively appraise and use research as part of the evidence-based practice process. Readers will have the ability to integrate evidence-based treatments that improve the delivery of care and optimize treatment success as a result.

Author Biography

Allen Rubin, PhD, holds the Bert Kruger Smith Centennial Professorship in the School of Social Work at The University of Texas at Austin, where he has been a faculty member since 1979. He is internationally known for his many publications pertaining to research and EBP. Jennifer Bellamy, PhD, is an Assistant Professor at the School of Social Service Administration at The University of Chicago, where she has been a faculty member since 2008. She has numerous publications in the area of EBP in social work.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxi
About the Authorsp. xxiii
Overview of Evidence-Based Practice
Introduction to Evidence-Based Practicep. 3
Emergence of Evidence-Based Practicep. 5
Denning Evidence-Based Practicep. 6
Types of EBP Questionsp. 7
Evidence-Based Practice Is Not Restricted to Clinical Decisionsp. 17
Developing an Evidence-Based Practice Process Outlookp. 17
Easier Said Than Donep. 23
Key Chapter Conceptsp. 25
Review Exercisesp. 26
Additional Readingsp. 27
Steps in the EBP Processp. 28
Question Formulationp. 29
Evidence Searchp. 30
Critically Appraising Studies and Reviewsp. 38
Selecting and Implementing the Interventionp. 40
Monitor Client Progressp. 43
Feasibility Constraintsp. 44
Key Chapter Conceptsp. 47
Review Exercisesp. 48
Additional Readingsp. 49
Research Hierarchies: Which Types of Research Are Best for Which Questions?p. 50
More Than One Type of Hierarchy for More Than One Type of EBP Questionp. 51
Qualitative and Quantitative Studiesp. 53
What Types of Research Designs Apply to What Types of EBP Questions?p. 54
Key Chapter Conceptsp. 65
Review Exercisesp. 67
Additional Readingsp. 67
Critically Appraising Studies for EBP Questions About Intervention Effectiveness
Criteria for Inferring Effectiveness: How Do We Know What Works?p. 71
Internal Validityp. 72
Measurement Issuesp. 78
Statistical Chancep. 83
External Validityp. 88
Synopses of Research Studiesp. 90
Key Chapter Conceptsp. 95
Review Exercisesp. 96
Exercise for Critically Appraising Published Articlesp. 97
Additional Readingsp. 98
Critically Appraising Experimentsp. 99
Classic Pretest-Posttest Control Group Designp. 100
Posttest-Only Control Group Designp. 102
Solomon Four-Group Designp. 103
Alternative Treatment Designsp. 104
Dismantling Designsp. 106
Placebo Control Group Designsp. 107
Experimental Demand and Experimenter Expectanciesp. 109
Obtrusive Versus Unobtrusive Observationp. 110
Compensatory Equalization and Compensatory Rivalryp. 111
Resentful Demoralizationp. 111
Treatment Diffusionp. 112
Treatment Fidelityp. 113
Practitioner Equivalencep. 113
Differential Attritionp. 115
Synopses of Research Studiesp. 117
, Key Chapter Conceptsp. 123
Review Exercisesp. 124
Exercise for Critically Appraising Published Articlesp. 125
Additional Readingsp. 125
Critically Appraising Quasi-Experiments: Nonequivalent Comparison Groups Designsp. 126
Nonequivalent Comparison Groups Designsp. 127
Additional Logical Arrangements to Control for Potential Selectivity Biasesp. 130
Statistical Controls for Potential Selectivity Biasesp. 134
Propensity Score Matching Using a Policy Examplep. 144
Pilot Studiesp. 145
Synopses of Research Studiesp. 147
Key Chapter Conceptsp. 152
Review Exercisesp. 153
Exercise for Critically Appraising Published Articlesp. 153
Additional Readingsp. 154
Critically Appraising Quasi-Experiments: Time-Series Designs and Single-Case Designsp. 155
Simple Time-Series Designsp. 156
Multiple Time-Series Designsp. 159
Single-Case Designsp. 161
Synopses of Research Studiesp. 168
Key Chapter Conceptsp. 174
Review Exercisesp. 175
Exercise for Critically Appraising Published Articlesp. 176
Additional Readingp. 176
Critically Appraising Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysesp. 177
Advantages of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysesp. 179
Risks in Relying Exclusively on Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysesp. 180
Where to Startp. 181
What to Look for When Critically Appraising Systematic Reviewsp. 182
What Distinguishes a Systematic Review From Other Types of Reviews?p. 190
What to Look for When Critically Appraising Meta- Analysesp. 191
Synopses of Research Studiesp. 205
Key Chapter Conceptsp. 209
Review Exercisesp. 211
Exercise for Critically Appraising Published Articlesp. 212
Additional Readingsp. 212
Critically Appraising Studies for Alternative EBP Questions
Critically Appraising Nonexperimental Quantitative Studiesp. 215
Surveysp. 216
Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Studiesp. 228
Case-Control Studiesp. 229
Synopses of Research Studiesp. 231
Key Chapter Conceptsp. 240
Review Exercisesp. 242
Exercise for Critically Appraising Published Articlesp. 242
Additional Readingsp. 242
Critically Appraising Qualitative Studiesp. 243
Qualitative Observationp. 245
Qualitative Interviewingp. 247
Qualitative Samplingp. 250
Grounded Theoryp. 252
Frameworks for Appraising Qualitative Studiesp. 252
Mixed Model and Mixed Methods Studiesp. 257
Synopses of Research Studiesp. 258
Key Chapter Conceptsp. 266
Review Exercisesp. 271
Exercise for Critically Appraising Published Articlesp. 272
Additional Readingsp. 272
Assessing Clients and Monitoring Their Progress
Critically Appraising and Selecting Assessment Instrumentsp. 275
Reliabilityp. 276
Validityp. 280
Sensitivityp. 285
Feasibilityp. 287
Sample Characteristicsp. 288
Locating Assessment Instrumentsp. 289
Synopses of Research Studiesp. 291
Key Chapter Conceptsp. 296
Review Exercisesp. 297
Exercise for Critically Appraising Published Articlesp. 298
Additional Readingsp. 298
Monitoring Client Progressp. 299
A Practitioner-Friendly Designp. 301
Feasible Assessment Techniquesp. 304
Summaryp. 313
Looking Aheadp. 316
Key Chapter Conceptsp. 318
Review Exercisesp. 319
Additional Readingsp. 319
Illustrative Answers to Selected Review Exercisesp. 321
Review Exercisesp. 321
Review Exercisesp. 322
Review Exercisesp. 323
Review Exercisesp. 324
Review Exercisesp. 324
Review Exercisesp. 325
What You Do and Don't Need to Know About Statistics When Critically Appraising Studiesp. 327
Why Do We Need Inferential Statistics? The Bottom Linep. 328
The Benchmark Made Simplep. 329
Is That Really All You Need to Know?p. 330
The Benchmark Is Not Sacred!p. 331
What Else Do You Need to Know?p. 332
Conclusionp. 333
Glossaryp. 335
Referencesp. 345
Indexp. 351
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