The Professional Practice of Architectural Working Drawings

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:


  • ISBN10:


  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2011-11-29
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Purchase Benefits
  • Free Shipping On Orders Over $35!
    Your order must be $35 or more to qualify for free economy shipping. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace items, eBooks and apparel do not qualify for this offer.
  • Get Rewarded for Ordering Your Textbooks! Enroll Now
List Price: $125.00 Save up to $31.89
  • eBook
    Add to Cart


Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?


The study and practice of architecture demands a working command of architectural drawing as a means of graphic communication. This book documents the step-by-step evolution of a complete set of working drawings, for the student or professional, just the way its done in architectural offices across the country. Progression of the chapters mimics the way an architect creates working drawings, starting with site and foundation plans and progressing through elevations, building sections and other drawings. Ancillary materials include an instructor manual, a study guide, sample digital drawings, and a glossary.

Author Biography

Osamu A. Wakita, Hon. AIA, is a retired professor of architecture and former department chair of architecture at Los Angeles Harbor College. He has been involved in architectural education since 1958. He is a recipient of the California Council of the American Institute of Architects' prestigious Outstanding Architectural Educators Award and is listed in the Council's General Reference as one of the leading authorities in perspective drawing.

Nagy R. Bakhoum is a licensed architect and principal of Obelisk Architects, Inc., in Torrance, California. He has provided architectural services internationally and throughout the state in which he is licensed to practice. He is an authority on high-end residential housing and commercial projects. He has been involved in architectural education since 1996, and is also a Professor of Architecture in the Los Angeles Community College District system.

The late Richard M. Linde, AIA, was a licensed architect and President of the American Institute of Architects.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
Professional Foundation Sp. 1
The Officep. 3
The Physical Officep. 4
Office Practice and How It May Be Structuredp. 4
Resource Libraryp. 6
Professional Organizationsp. 7
Architect/Client Relationshipp. 7
Implementation of the Construction Documentsp. 12
Buildingp. 13
Influence of Building Information Modeling on Building Designp. 14
Standards and Techniques, Metrification, Hand Drafting, and Computer-aided Draftingp. 17
Introduction to Standards and Techniquesp. 18
Drawing Practicep. 18
Letteringp. 20
Architectural Draftingp. 26
Reproduction Methodsp. 26
Office Standardsp. 30
Metricsp. 35
Hand Drawingp. 44
Kinds of Drafting Equipmentp. 44
Selecting and Using Drafting Pencilsp. 48
Computer Draftingp. 49
Office Standardsp. 49
A Game within a Gamep. 67
Power of the CAD Drafterp. 69
Disadvantages of a Computerp. 72
Advantages of a Computerp. 73
Future of CADp. 75
Conclusionp. 78
BIM, Revit, and Human Concernsp. 79
Introductionp. 80
Human Considerationsp. 80
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)p. 80
Building Information Modeling (BIM)p. 89
Sustainable/Green Architecturep. 107
Environmental and Human Considerationsp. 108
Sustainable Architecturep. 108
Lateral Influencesp. 109
Energy Conservationp. 110
Soundp. 112
Snowp. 115
Fire and Smokep. 116
Temperaturep. 119
Deteriorationp. 120
Drainage/Rainfallp. 121
Underground Gas Controlp. 123
Water Tablep. 123
Frost Line/Frost Depthp. 123
Termites and Termite Treatmentp. 125
Energy Sourcesp. 126
Future of Energy Sourcesp. 132
Construction Materials and Methodsp. 135
Building Materialsp. 136
Wood Floor Systemsp. 136
Wood Wall Systemsp. 142
Wood Roof Systemsp. 144
Concretep. 149
Steel Floor Systemp. 155
Steel Stud Wall Framing Systemp. 156
Steel Decking Roof Systemp. 157
Light Steel Roof Framing Systemp. 157
Masonry Wall Systemp. 157
Composite Systems and Combinations of Materialsp. 159
Material Selectionsp. 161
Wood as a Materialp. 162
Concrete as a Materialp. 166
Steel as a Materialp. 169
Masonry as a Materialp. 174
Initial Preparation Phase for Construction Documentsp. 177
Working Guidelines for Preparing Construction Documentsp. 178
Making the Transition from Schematic Drawings to Construction Documentsp. 180
Building Code Requirementsp. 180
Primary Materials Analysisp. 181
Selecting the Primary Structural Systemp. 182
Requirements of Consultantsp. 182
Regional Considerationsp. 183
Energy Conservationp. 185
Interrelationship of Drawingsp. 186
Project Managementp. 186
Office Procedure and Planning Strategyp. 186
Tracking a Set of Working Drawingsp. 188
Format/Cartoonp. 190
Project Bookp. 191
Numbers-Legal, Job, Taskp. 192
Drawing Sequencep. 197
Delivery Methodsp. 208
Document Evolutionp. 217
Site and Grading Planp. 219
Site Analysisp. 220
Site Analysis Appliedp. 222
The Topography Mapp. 225
The Soils and Geology Mapp. 225
The Site Planp. 227
The Grading Planp. 231
The Site and Grading Planp. 234
The Drainage Planp. 241
The Erosion and Sediment Control Plansp. 245
The Utility Planp. 245
The Circulation Planp. 246
The Landscape, Irrigation, and Drainage Plansp. 246
The Site Improvement Plan: An Overviewp. 247
Size and Locationp. 250
Floor Planp. 253
Types of Floor Plansp. 254
Symbolsp. 268
Other Floor-plan Considerationsp. 273
Drawing a Floor Plan with a Computerp. 277
Foundation and Roof Plans, Floor and Roof Framing Systemsp. 287
Introductionp. 288
Types of Foundationsp. 288
Examplesp. 295
Summary of Typical Conventions for Foundation Planp. 300
Exterior and Interior Wallsp. 304
A Steel Structurep. 305
Roof Plans and Framing Systemsp. 308
Framing with Different Materialsp. 333
Floor Framingp. 337
Building Sectionsp. 347
Building Sections Definedp. 348
Drawing a Building Sectionp. 348
Types of Building Sectionsp. 351
Drafting a Building Sectionp. 356
Drafting a Building Section of a Residencep. 356
Exterior and Interior Elevationsp. 365
Introduction to Exterior Elevationsp. 366
Drawing Doors and Windowsp. 372
Material Designationsp. 374
Notesp. 375
Dotted Linesp. 377
Controlling Factorsp. 380
Drafting an Exterior Elevationp. 383
Weatherproofingp. 385
Drawing an Elevation with and without a Modelp. 387
Exterior Elevation Using BIM/Revitp. 389
Interior Elevationsp. 390
Dimensions and Intersectionsp. 394
Drafting an Interior Elevation: Examplesp. 394
Computers and Interior Elevationsp. 395
Evolution of a Set of Interior Elevationsp. 396
Interior Elevations Using BIM/Revitp. 397
Schedules: Door, Window, and Finishp. 403
Schedules Definedp. 404
Tabulated Schedules: Doors and Windowsp. 404
Pictorial Schedules: Doors and Windowsp. 405
Choosing a Tabulated or Pictorial Schedulep. 406
Interior Finish Schedulesp. 406
Additional Schedulesp. 408
Schedules as They Relate to Structural Entitiesp. 408
CAD-Generated and Computer-Drafted Schedulesp. 409
Schedule Templatesp. 410
Schedules Using BIM or Revitp. 411
Architectural Details and Vertical Links (Stairs/Elevators)p. 421
The Purpose of Architectural Detailsp. 422
Freehand Detail Sketchesp. 422
Using Details in Construction Documentsp. 422
Hard-Line (Hand-Drafted and CAD)p. 428
Footing Detailp. 430
Window Detailp. 432
Fireplacep. 436
Stair Design and Vertical Linksp. 443
Mechanical Vertical Linksp. 447
Detailing in BIM/Revitp. 451
Tenant Improvement Detailsp. 452
Case Studiesp. 459
C onstruction Documents for a One-story, Conventional Wood-framed Residencep. 461
Conceptual Designp. 462
Design and Schematic Drawingsp. 463
Evolution of the Working Drawingsp. 467
Site Plan, Vicinity Map, Roof Plan, and Notesp. 467
Jadyn Residence Site Planp. 471
Jadyn Residence Floor Planp. 473
Jadyn Residence Roof Planp. 480
Jadyn Residence Building Sectionsp. 480
Jadyn Residence Exterior Elevationsp. 486
Jadyn Residence Foundation Planp. 491
Framing a Residencep. 494
Jadyn Residence Roof Framing Planp. 498
Jadyn Residence Interior Elevationsp. 498
Set Checkp. 502
Construction Documents for a Two-story, Wood-framed Residence with Basementp. 507
Schematic Design for Blu Residencep. 508
Site Planp. 511
First-Floor Planp. 513
Second-Floor Planp. 514
Roof Planp. 518
Blu Residence Building Sectionsp. 518
Blu Residence Building Elevationsp. 522
Foundation Plan: Slab and Raised Woodp. 529
Blu Residence Foundation Plan: Raised Woodp. 534
Framing Planp. 537
Support Drawings for Blu Residencep. 541
Conceptual Design and Construction Documents for a Steel and Masonry Building (Theater)p. 549
Introductionp. 550
Conceptual Design: Site and Client Requirementsp. 550
Design Development Punch Listp. 550
Initial Schematic Studiesp. 550
Site Planp. 554
Foundation Planp. 556
Ground-Floor Planp. 557
Partial Floor Plan and Interior Elevationsp. 560
Exterior Elevationsp. 560
Building Sectionsp. 564
Roof Planp. 575
Roof Framing Planp. 577
Madison Steel Buildingp. 597
Introductionp. 598
The Madison Office Buildingp. 598
Floor-plan Design Development Phasep. 603
Summaryp. 625
Tenant Improvementsp. 627
Tenant Improvement
Introductionp. 628
Existing Buildingsp. 628
Existing Floor Level-Building Ap. 628
Development of Working Drawings-Building Bp. 630
Working Drawingsp. 642
Indexp. 653
Survey of Regional Differences
A Uniform System for Architectural Working Drawing
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

Rewards Program

Write a Review