9780511055522

Psychology of Good and Evil : Why Children, Adults, and Groups Help and Harm Others

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780511055522

  • ISBN10:

    0511055528

  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2003-07-21
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Summary

This book gathers the knowledge gained in a lifelong study of the roots of goodness and evil. Since the late 1960s, Ervin Staub has studied the causes of helpful, caring, generous, and altruistic behavior. He has also studied bullying and victimization in schools as well as youth violence and its prevention. He spent years studying the origins of genocide and mass killing and has examined the Holocaust, the genocide of the Armenians, the autogenocide in Cambodia, the disappearances in Argentina, the genocide in Rwanda. He has applied his work in many real world settings and has consulted parents, teachers, police officers, and political leaders. Since September 11th, he has appeared frequently in the media explaining the causes and prevention of terrorism. Professor Staub's work is collected together for the first time in The Psychology of Good and Evil.

Table of Contents

Introduction and Core Concepts
Introduction: good and evil: themes and overview
Studying the pivotal role of bystanders
Studying and promoting altruism and studying and working to prevent genocide: the guiding role of early survival
Is evil a useful concept for psychologists and others?
Basic needs and their role in altruism and aggression
The Roots of Helping and Passivity
Helping a distressed person: social, personality, and stimulus determinants
Spontaneous (or impulsive) helping
Social and prosocial behavior
The power to help others: report on a Psychology Today survey on values, helping, and well being
How Children Become Caring and Helpful vs. Hostile and Aggressive
Culture, Socialization, and Children's Experience
Origins of caring, helping, and nonaggression: parental socialization, the family system, schools, and cultural influence
Natural socialization: participation in positive behavior and experiential learning
The origins of hostility and aggression
Cultural societal roots of violence: youth violence
Bystanders and bullying
Students' experience of bullying and other aspects of their lives in middle school in Belchertown
Self-esteem and aggression
Father-daughter incest
Interventions to Reduce Aggression and Promote Caring and Helping
Reducing boys' aggression: learning to fulfill basic needs constructively
The Caring Schools project
The Origins of Genocide and Other Collective Violence
A note on the cultural societal roots of violence
Psychology of bystanders, perpetrators, and heroic helpers
Steps along a continuum of destruction
The SS and the psychology of perpetrators: The interweaving and merging of role and person
The origins of genocide: Rwanda
Bystanders as evil: the example of Rwanda
Individual and group identities in genocide and mass killing
Mass murder: origins, prevention, and US involvement
When instigation does not result in mass murder
Persian Gulf Conflict was reflection of stormy undercurrents in US psyche
Mob violence: societal-cultural sources, instigators, group processes, and participants
Understanding and Preventing Police Violence
The Aftermath of Mass Violence: Trauma, Healing, and Reconciliation
Preventing group violence
Kosovo: the need for flexible bystander response
The effects of violence on groups and their members
Healing, reconciliation, and forgiving after genocide and other collective violence
Healing, forgiveness, and reconciliation in Rwanda: project summary and outcome
Further avenues to prevention
Commentary: human destructiveness and the refugee experience
A vision of holocaust education in holocaust centers and schools
Out of hiding
Review of: Legacy of Silence: encounters with children of the Third Reich
What can we learn from this tragedy?: a reaction days after September 11th, 2001
Creating Morally Inclusive Societies
Transforming the bystander: altruism, caring, and social responsibility
Changing cultures and society
Blind vs. constructive patriotism: moving from embeddedness in the group to critical loyalty and action
Manifestations of blind vs. constructive patriotism: summary of findings
The ideal university in the real world
Conclusion
Creating caring societies
Appendix: what are your values and goals?
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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