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9781464182235

Psychology of Sex and Gender

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781464182235

  • ISBN10:

    146418223X

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2018-12-07
  • Publisher: Worth Publishers

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

Psychology of Sex and Gender is an engaging and empirical text that not only introduces students to foundational (i.e., historical/contextual) understandings in the topic of sex and gender, but also moves them into cutting-edge topics and research that encourages them to (re)think their perceptions of gender in the world around them. It goes beyond the "standard coverage", presenting topics with recognition of the biopsychosocial nature of sex and gender and encouraging students to examine the basis of similarities and differences among genders. Many textbooks in this domain focus more on women’s studies or psychology of women without much coverage of other genders' issues. Burns provides a comprehensive and balanced sex/gender perspective integrating contemporary research.


Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction to Sex and Gender


Defining sex and gender


Controversial Issues: Is it legal to perform surgery an ‘unnecessary’ surgery on an intersex child? M. C. v. Aaronson.


Psychological and Historical Contexts


Schools of Psychology


Controversial Issues: Should parents decide what Halloween costumes children wear?


Feminism


Men’s Movements


Contemporary Understandings


EXPLORING THE TOPICs


Summary


Key Terms


Links and Logic


CHAPTER TWO: STUDYING SEX, GENDER, AND STEREOTYPES


SCIENTIFIC EXPLORATION OF SEX AND GENDER


Qualitative Research Methodology


Case Studies


Ethnographic Studies


Interviews and Focus Groups


Quantitative Research Methodology


Experimental Design


Controversial Issues: "Let me tell you my trouble with girls."


Myth Buster: "Men Desire Sexy Partners, Women Desire Wealth."


Ex Post Facto Study


Correlational Research


Surveys


Controversial Issues: Are you convinced by numbers or stories?


potential bias in research


Decreasing Bias in Research


Statistical Significance vs. Practical Significance


Summary


Key Terms


Links and Logic


Chapter 3: Analyzing Gender Stereotypes


GENDER BELIEF SYSTEMS AND STEREOTYPES


History of Male and Female Stereotypes


Theoretical Approaches to Sex and Gender Stereotypes


Myth Buster: Women Avoid Competition


Controversial Issues/Questions: Is Gender Contextual?


The Stable, Yet Evolving Nature of Stereotypes Associated with Gender


Sex and Gender Stereotypes in the Media


MEASUREMENTS OF GENDER


PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH SEX STEREOTYPING


Prejudice, Discrimination, Sexism, and Harassment


Gender Role Strain and Conflict


Summary


Key Terms


Links and Logic


Chapter 4: Biological Foundations of Sex and Gender


ENDOCRINE SYSTEM AND HORMONE PRODUCTION


chromosomal influences on PRENATAL SEX DEVELOPMENT


Chromosomal Abnormalities


Controversial Issue: Too Male to Compete as a Woman?


Hormonal Abnormalities


Controversial Issue: The Infamous Case of John/Joan


Chromosomal Abnormalities and Sex Differentiation


Controversial Issue: Too Male to Compete as a Woman?


SEX DEVELOPMENT IN PUBERTY


HORMONE EFFECTS ON SEX DIFFERENCES THROUGHOUT THE LIFESPAN


Testosterone Effects


Estrogen and Progesterone Effects


Myth Buster: The Majority of Women Experience PMS


Oxytocin Effects


SEX DIFFERENCES AND SIMILARITIES IN THE BRAIN


SUMMARY


KEY TERMS


LINKS AND LOGIC



Chapter 5: Gender development


Psychoanalytic theories and gender development


Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory


Controversial Issue: Freud’s Oedipus Complex – Sexual Fantasy or Child Molestation?


Feminist Neo-Freudian Theorists


SOCIAL LEARNING THEORIES


Family and Gender Socialization


Society and Gender Socialization


Controversial Issue: Is Gendered Marketing Passé?


Myth Buster: It’s all the media’s fault!


Cognitive Theories


Cognitive Developmental Theory


Gender Schema Theory


Controversial Issue: Feminist Parenting


Ethological Theories


THE TRUTH OF GENDER DEVELOPMENT


SUMMARY


KEY TERMS


LINKS AND LOGIC


Chapter 6: IDENTITY AND EMOTION


IDENTITY


Early Gender Identity Development


Adolescent Gender Schemas


Gender Intensification


The Impact of Peers


Gender Nonconformity


Controversial Issue: Attention on Boys


EMOTION


Emotional Expression


Identification of Emotions


Myth Buster: Males are Void of Emotion


Anger


SUMMARY


KEY TERMS


LINKS AND LOGIC



Chapter 7: Aggression and Violence


SEX DIFFERENCES IN AGGRESSION


Aggression and Violence in Childhood and Adolescence


Aggression and Cultural Influences


Bullying


Cyberbullying


Controversial Issue: Just kill yourself


Violence in Adolescence


ADULT EXPRESSIONS OF VIOLENCE


Sexual Harassment


Intimate Partner Violence


Intimate Partner Violence in Same-Sex Relationships


Myth Buster: Women Are Inherently Nonviolent—Perspective from Conflict in Sierra Leone


Rape


GENDERED EXPLANATIONS OF VIOLENCE


SUMMARY


KEY TERMS


LINKS AND LOGIC


Chapter 8: LANGUAGE AND COGNITION


SEX DIFFERENCES IN LANGUAGE


Sex Differences in Children’s Language Use


Sex Differences in Adolescents’ and Adults’ Language Use


Myth Buster: Women use way more words than men do!


GENDER INFLUENCES ON LANGUAGE


Controversial Issue: Moving Toward a Gender-Neutral or Third-Gender English Language


Cognition


Sex Differences in Cognitive Development in Childhood and Adolescence


Sex differences in Cognitive Development during Adulthood


GENERAL SEX DIFFERENCES IN COGNITION


Spatial Abilities


Mathematical Abilities


EFFECTS OF PERCEIVED SEX DIFFERENCES ON LANGUAGE AND COGNITION


Controversial Issue: Gender Stereotype Threat – It’s a female issue, right?!


SUMMARY


KEY TERMS


LINKS AND LOGIC



Chapter 9: School


Sex and Gender Roles in preschool Settings


Self-Competence


Sex and Gender Roles Taught Through Play


SEX AND GENDER ROLES IN SCHOOL


Cultural Stereotypes Versus Math Ability in Girls


Stereotype Threat and Achievement in Boys


Culture and School Achievement


Controversial Issue: Attention on Boys


"Cool" Masculinity and School Achievement


SCHOOL CHARACTERISTICS AFFECTING STUDENT PERFORMANCE


Teacher Effects


Single-Sex Schooling


Myth Buster: It’s a Brain Thing with Boys and Girls


STUDENT FACTORS AFFECTING SUCCESS IN SCHOOL


Achievement Motivation


Fear of Success


SUMMARY


KEY TERMS


LINKS AND LOGIC


Chapter 10: relationships


Family


Maternal Relationships


Sibling and Peer Relationships


Friendship


Self-Disclosure and Friendship Development


Cross-Sex Friendships


Myth Buster: Opposite-Sex Friendships Are All-About Sex


ROMANTIC RELATIONSHIPS


Dating


Social Media and Gender Roles


Committed Relationships and Marriage


Marital Relationships and Gender Role Attitudes


Controversial Issue: Mr., Mrs., Ms. and Mx.


Division of Household Labor


Relationship Conflict and Dissolutions


SUMMARY


KEY TERMS


LINKS AND LOGIC



Chapter 11: SEXUALITY


The Study Of Sex


Kinsey Surveys of Sexual Behavior


Center for Sexual Health Promotion Surveys


Observational Studies of Sexual Behavior


SEX EDUCATION


Controversial Issue: Sex Education


SEXUAL ORIENTATION


Asexuality


Heterosexuality


Same-gender sexuality


Myth Buster: It’s just a phase, right?


Sexual Fluidity


GENDER ROLES AND RULES FOR SEXUALITY


SUMMARY


KEY TERMS


LINKS AND LOGIC



Chapter 12: THE WORLD OF WORK


OCCUPATION GOALS


SEX AND GENDER EQUALITY AT WORK


Hiring Discrimination


Pay Discrimination


Negotiations


Myth Buster: Women Are Not Good Negotiators


OBSTACLES AT WORK


Invisible Barriers for Women, Men, and Minorities


Visible Barriers


Sexual and Gender Harassment


BALANCING WORK AND FAMILY


Controversial Issues: Pregnancy Discrimination


SUMMARY


KEY TERMS


LINKS AND LOGIC


Chapter 13: PHYSICAL HEALTH AND WELLNESS


Body satisfaction


Myth Buster: Only Women Talk About Their Bodies


MAJOR DISEASES


Diabetes


Cancer


Heart Disease


RISKY HEALTH BEHAVIORS


Alcohol Consumption and Tobacco Usage


Controversial Issues: E-cigarettes the "safe" option with sex differences


Drugs


Sexual Activity


HEALTH PROMOTION


SUMMARY


KEY TERMS


LINKS AND LOGIC



Chapter 14: MENTAL HEALTH AND TREATMENT


STRESS


Sources of Stress


Coping with Stress


DIAGNOSIS OF MENTAL HEALTH DISORDERS


Gender Bias in the Process of Diagnosis


SEX AND GENDER EFFECTS ON SPECIFIC DIAGNOSES


Anxiety and Depression


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder


Gender Dysphoria


Myth Buster: "Treating" Sexual Orientation as a Gender Identity Issue


GENDER ISSUES IN SEEKING MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT


Male Gender Role Impact on Help-Seeking


Controversial Issues: Being the Manly Man Who Likes to Talk about Feelings


Feminist Effects on Therapy


SUMMARY


KEY TERMS


LINKS AND LOGIC

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