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9780813367934

Public Opinion, Crime, and Criminal Justice

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780813367934

  • ISBN10:

    081336793X

  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 1999-10-15
  • Publisher: Routledge

Note: Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.

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Summary

Taking on one of the most popular issues of the daycrime and the way we make sense of itJulian Roberts and Loretta Stalans reveal the mismatch between the public perception of crime and the reality of crime statistics. Discussing such issues as public knowledge of crime, sources of crime information, information processing by the public, public attitudes about crime, and the effectiveness of punishment, this book considers the role that public opinion plays in the politics of criminal justice issues. Based on extensive data from the United States, with comparisons with Canada and the United Kingdom, Roberts and Stalans reveal the truth behind how the public perceives crime and how this perception compares to actual criminal activity.

Author Biography

Julian V. Roberts is a professor in the Department of Criminology at the University of Ottawa. Loretta J. Stalans is a professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Loyola University of Chicago. Julian V. Roberts is a professor in the Department of Criminology at the University of Ottawa. Loretta J. Stalans is a professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Loyola University of Chicago.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi
Introduction and Overview: Crime in the Public Eye
1(22)
Public Concern About Crime
1(2)
Prime-Time Crime
3(2)
Public Opinion and Criminal Justice Policy-Making
5(2)
Going Beyond the Results of Polls
7(2)
Plan of the Book
9(3)
Crime Control Versus Due Process Models of Justice
12(1)
Consensus Versus Conflict
12(1)
Information Processing by the Public
13(1)
Research Methodologies
14(6)
Conclusions
20(1)
Notes
21(2)
Public Knowledge of Crime: Myths and Realities
23(12)
Crime Rates and Patterns
26(4)
Criminal Recidivism Rates
30(2)
Conclusions
32(2)
Notes
34(1)
Legal Reforms and Criminal Justice Statistics: What Does the Public Really Know?
35(18)
Knowledge of the Law and Legal Rights
35(8)
Knowledge of the Sentencing Process
43(8)
Conclusions
51(1)
Notes
52(1)
Crime Seriousness
53(22)
Seriousness of Crime as Social Problem
54(2)
Perceptions of the Relative Seriousness of Different Crimes
56(15)
Conclusions
71(1)
Notes
72(3)
Beyond Public Responses: The Hidden Effects of Context, Recall, and Stereotypes
75(32)
Context
76(1)
Time Pressure and Answers to General Questions
77(4)
The Public as Pragmatic Decisionmaker
81(8)
People as Creative Storymakers
89(15)
Conclusions
104(2)
Notes
106(1)
Origins of Crime and Crime Prevention
107(20)
Beliefs About Why Crimes Are Committed
107(3)
Schemata of Criminal Events
110(1)
Stereotypes of Offenders
111(12)
Crime Prevention
123(2)
Conclusions
125(1)
Notes
125(2)
Evaluating the Police and the Courts
127(28)
Confidence Across Institutions and Clarification of Diffuse Support
128(12)
Evaluations of the Procedural Fairness of Courts
140(4)
Evaluations of Procedural Fairness: The Role of Direct Experience
144(5)
Relation Between Encounters with Authorities and Diffuse Support
149(3)
Conclusions
152(1)
Notes
153(2)
Legislative Definitions of Crimes and Law Enforcement Priorities
155(24)
Public Definitions of Crimes and Defenses to Crimes
156(11)
Evaluations of Police Competence
167(9)
Conclusions
176(1)
Notes
177(2)
The Adversarial System and the Institution of the Jury
179(18)
Desired Procedures to Resolve Disputes and Their Accuracy
180(6)
Fairness and Accuracy of Jury Verdicts
186(9)
Conclusions
195(1)
Notes
196(1)
Sentencing and Parole
197(28)
Public Interest in Sentencing
198(1)
The Purposes of Sentencing and Imprisonment
199(5)
Proportionality in Public Views of Sentencing
204(1)
Criminal Record and the Sentencing Process
205(2)
Attitudes Toward Sentencing Severity
207(2)
Relative Punitiveness of the Public and the Courts
209(8)
Attitudes Toward Parole
217(1)
General Versus Specific Measures of Public Opinion
218(4)
Conclusions
222(1)
Notes
223(2)
The Death Penalty
225(22)
Power of the Death Penalty as Cruel and Unusual Punishment
225(13)
Power of Instrumental Arguments to Change Death Penalty Attitudes
238(5)
Conclusions
243(1)
Notes
244(3)
Privacy and Free Speech
247(18)
Public Versus Judicial View of Privacy
248(10)
Community Standards and Judgments of Obscene Materials
258(5)
Conclusions
263(1)
Notes
264(1)
Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice
265(12)
Knowledge of Juvenile Justice Trends
266(8)
Sentencing Juvenile Offenders
274(2)
Conclusions
276(1)
Notes
276(1)
Gun Control
277(14)
Possession and Ownership of Guns
278(1)
Views About Gun Control Laws
279(8)
Conclusions
287(2)
Notes
289(2)
Drawing Conclusions
291(6)
Educating the Public
291(2)
Researching Public Opinion
293(1)
Educating Criminal Justice Professionals
294(3)
References 297(40)
About the Book and Authors 337

Supplemental Materials

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The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

The Used, Rental and eBook copies of this book are not guaranteed to include any supplemental materials. Typically, only the book itself is included. This is true even if the title states it includes any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

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