9780275972936

A Question of Self-Esteem

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780275972936

  • ISBN10:

    0275972933

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2001-10-01
  • Publisher: Praeger Pub Text

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

Using archival materials from all three nations, this first comparative study of French and Italian relations with the United States during the early Cold War shows that French and Italian ambitions of status, or prestige, crucially affected the formation of the Western Alliance. While attention to outside appearances had a long historic tradition for both European nations, the notion was compounded by their humiliation in World War II and their consequent fear of further demotion. Only by promoting an American hegemony over Europe could France and Italy aspire respectively to attain continental leadership and equality with the other great European powers. For its part, Washington carefully calibrated concessions of mere status with the more substantial issues of international roles. A recent trend in both U.S. and European historiography of the Cold War has emphasized the role that America's allies had in shaping the post-World War II international system. Combining diplomatic, strategic, economic, and cultural insights, and reassessing the main events from post-war reconstruction to the Middle Eastern crises of the late 1950s, Brogi reaches two major conclusions: that the United States helped the two allies to recover enough self-esteem to cope with their own decline; and that both the French and the Italian leaders, with constant pressure from Washington, progressively adapted to a notion of prestige no longer based solely on nationalism, but also on their capacity to promote, or even master, continental integration. With this focus on "image," Brogi finally suggests a background to today's changing patterns of international relations, as civilizational values become increasingly important at the expense of more familiar indices of economic and military power.

Author Biography

ALESSANDRO BROGI, educated in Italy and the United States, has published in both countries. He teaches U.S. Foreign Relations and International History at Yale University, where he is also a fellow in International Security Studies.

Table of Contents

Series Foreword ix
Acknowledgments xiii
Abbreviations xv
Introduction 1(12)
Invitation and Pride
13(34)
France's ``Rebirth''
14(5)
Italy's ``Rebirth''
19(6)
America's View
25(22)
The Old Game
47(28)
Maneuvers
48(11)
A Sober Reassessment
59(16)
Mastering Interdependence? Status, the ``Third Force,'' and the Western Alliance
75(42)
A Self-Reliant Third Force?
75(3)
Status, Economic Recovery, and Their Contradictions
78(10)
``Third Force'' and ``Atlantic'' Choices
88(14)
Toward a ``New Game''
102(15)
Mastering Interdependence? Status, Nationalism, and the European Army Plan
117(54)
France's Quest for Leadership
118(13)
Italy's Reactions: The Quest for Harmony?
131(5)
Confronting Communist Nationalism
136(8)
Status, the New Look, and the Death of the EDC
144(10)
Redesigning Interdependence
154(17)
Mediterranean ``Missions''
171(52)
Imperial Decline
172(19)
A Mediterranean ``Vocation''
191(32)
A Question of Leadership
223(36)
Instability and Stagnation
224(3)
The French ``Savior''
227(10)
A ``De Gaulle'' for Italy?
237(7)
Epilogue: Containing French ``Grandeur''
244(15)
Conclusions 259(16)
Bibliography 275(30)
Index 305

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