Race and Ethnicity in the United States

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-02-21
  • Publisher: Pearson
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A concise introduction to race and ethnicity in the United States Based on the opening chapters of the best-selling Racial and Ethnic Groupsby the same author, this text covers the major topics that anchor courses in multiculturalism, diversity, and race and ethnic relations. Six main topics are covered: Theories and concepts in race and ethnicity Prejudice Discrimination Immigration in the U.S. Religion The diverse population of the U.S. A better teaching and learning experience This program will provide a better teaching and learning experiencefor you and your students. Here's how: Personalize LearningMySearchLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals. Improve Critical Thinking- Review Questions and Critical Thinking Questions at the end of each chapter help to reinforce key points and encourage students to think more deeply about the key topics of the chapter. Engage Students- The student-friendly narrative clearly explains each topic. Explore Theory-Research Focus boxed features highlight relevant research in the subject area of each chapter. Support Instructors- An Instructor's Manual, Test Bank, PowerPoints, and the New MySearchLab with eText support instructors. Note:MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab, please visit: www.mysearchlab.comor you can purchase a valuepack of the text + MySearchLab (at no additional cost): ValuePack ISBN-10: 0205231624 / ValuePack ISBN-13: 9780205231621.

Author Biography

Richard T. Schaefer grew up in Chicago at a time when neighborhoods were going through transitions in ethnic and racial composition. He found himself increasingly intrigued by what was happening, how people were reacting, and how these changes were affecting neighborhoods and people’s jobs. In high school, he took a course in sociology. His interest in social issues caused him to gravitate to more sociology courses at Northwestern University, where he eventually received a B.A. in sociology.

“Originally as an undergraduate I thought I would go on to law school and become a lawyer. But after taking a few sociology courses, I found myself wanting to learn more about what sociologists studied and was fascinated by the kinds of questions they raised,” Dr. Schaefer says. “Perhaps the most fascinating and, to me, relevant to the 1960s was the intersection of race, gender, and social class.” This interest led him to obtain his M.A. and Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Chicago. Dr. Schaefer’s continuing interest in race relations led him to write his master’s thesis on the membership of the Ku Klux Klan and his doctoral thesis on racial prejudice and race relations in Great Britain.

Dr. Schaefer went on to become a professor of sociology. He has taught sociology and courses on multiculturalism for thirty years. He has been invited to give special presentations to students and faculty on racial and ethnic diversity in Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, and Texas.

Dr. Schaefer is the author of Racial and Ethnic Groups , twelfth edition census update (Pearson Prentice Hall, 2011). Dr. Schaefer is the General Editorgeneral editor of the three-volume Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society (2008). He is also the author of the twelfth edition of Sociology (2010), the eighth edition of Sociology: A Brief Introduction (2009), and the fourth edition of Sociology Matters (2008). Schaefer co-authored with William Zellner the eighth edition of Extraordinary Groups (2008). His articles and book reviews have appeared in many journals, including American Journal of Sociology, Phylon: A Review of Race and Culture, Contemporary Sociology, Sociology and Social Research, Sociological Quarterly, and Teaching Sociology. He served as president of the Midwest Sociological Society from 1994 to 1995. In recognition of his achievements in undergraduate teaching, he was named Vincent de Paul Professor of Sociology in 2004.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
About the Authorp. xvii
Exploring Race and Ethnicityp. 1
Ranking Groupsp. 5
Types of Groupsp. 7
Racial Groupsp. 7
Ethnic Groupsp. 8
Listen to Our Voices: Problem of the Color Line, W. E. B. Du Boisp. 9
Religious Groupsp. 10
Gender Groupsp. 10
Other Subordinate Groupsp. 10
Does Race Matter?p. 11
Biological Meaningp. 11
Social Construction of Racep. 13
Biracial and Multiracial Identity: Who Am I?p. 14
Research Focus: Multiracial Identityp. 15
Sociology and the Study of Race and Ethnicityp. 18
Stratification by Class and Genderp. 18
Theoretical Perspectivesp. 19
The Creation of Subordinate-Group Statusp. 24
Migrationp. 24
Annexationp. 25
Colonialismp. 25
The Consequences of Subordinate-Group Statusp. 27
Exterminationp. 27
Expulsionp. 28
Secessionp. 28
Segregationp. 29
Fusionp. 30
Assimilationp. 31
The Pluralist Perspectivep. 33
Resistance and Changep. 34
Matrix of Domination: Minority Womenp. 36
Prejudicep. 41
Prejudice and Discriminationp. 44
Merton's Typologyp. 45
LaPiere's Studyp. 46
Research Focus: Islamophobiap. 47
White Privilegep. 49
Theories of Prejudicep. 50
Scapegoating Theoryp. 50
Authoritarian Personality Theoryp. 51
Exploitation Theoryp. 52
Normative Approachp. 52
Stereotypesp. 53
What Are Stereotypes?p. 53
Listen to Our Voices: National Media Should Stop Using Obscene Words, Tim Giagop. 54
Stereotyping in Action: Racial Profilingp. 55
Color-Blind Racismp. 57
The Mood of the Oppressedp. 59
Intergroup Hostilityp. 62
Reducing Prejudicep. 65
Educationp. 66
Mass Mediap. 66
Avoidance versus Friendshipp. 69
Corporate Response: Diversity Trainingp. 71
Ways to Fight Hatep. 73
Discriminationp. 79
Understanding Discriminationp. 82
Relative versus Absolute Deprivationp. 82
Total Discriminationp. 83
Research Focus: Discrimination in Job Seekingp. 84
Hate Crimesp. 86
What are Hate Crimes?p. 86
Why Do Hate Crimes Carry Harsher Penalties?p. 88
Institutional Discriminationp. 88
Discrimination Todayp. 90
Discrimination Hits the Walletp. 91
Eliminating Discriminationp. 94
Wealth Inequality: Discrimination's Legacyp. 97
Environmental Justicep. 98
Affirmative Actionp. 100
Affirmative Action Explainedp. 100
The Legal Debatep. 101
Listen to Our Voices: The Enduring Relevance of Affirmative Action by Randall Kennedyp. 104
Reverse Discriminationp. 106
The Glass Ceilingp. 108
Immigrationp. 115
Immigration: A Global Phenomenonp. 118
Patterns of Immigration to the United Statesp. 119
Today's Foreign-Born Populationp. 121
Early Immigrationp. 121
The Anti-Chinese Movementp. 123
Restrictionist Sentiment Increasesp. 126
The National Origin Systemp. 127
The 1965 Immigration and Nationality Actp. 127
Contemporary Social Concernsp. 129
The Brain Drainp. 130
Population Growthp. 131
Mixed-Status Familiesp. 131
Language Barriersp. 132
Listen to Our Voices: That Latino "Wave" is Very Much American, Galina Espinozap. 133
Illegal Immigrationp. 136
Path to Citizenship: Naturalizationp. 139
The Economic Impact of Immigrationp. 141
Women and Immigrationp. 143
The Global Economy and Immigrationp. 144
Research Focus: Challenge to Pluralism: The Shark's Finp. 146
The Environment and Immigrationp. 147
Refugeesp. 147
Ethnicity and Religionp. 153
Ethnic Diversityp. 156
Why Don't We Study Whiteness?p. 156
The Rediscovery of Ethnicityp. 158
Blended Identityp. 159
Research Focus: Self-Identifying as "Arab American"p. 160
The Third-Generation Principlep. 161
Ethnic Paradoxp. 162
Symbolic Ethnicityp. 163
Listen to Our Voices: Asian America SHU Discovering Elusive Identity, by Jean Hanp. 164
The German Americansp. 165
Settlement Patternsp. 165
Twentieth-Century German Americap. 167
The Irish Americansp. 168
Irish Immigrationp. 168
Becoming Whitep. 170
The Contemporary Picturep. 171
The Italian Americansp. 172
Early Immigrationp. 172
Constructing Identityp. 173
The Contemporary Picturep. 175
The Polish Americansp. 176
Early Immigrationp. 176
Poloniap. 178
The Contemporary Picturep. 179
Religious Pluralismp. 180
Diversity among Roman Catholicsp. 185
Diversity among Protestantsp. 187
Religion and the Courtsp. 188
The Nation as a Kaleidoscopep. 195
The Glass Half Emptyp. 198
Is There a Model Minority?p. 199
Listen to Our Voices: From Kawasaki to Chicago, Miku Ishiip. 204
Acting White, Acting Black, or Neitherp. 205
Persistence of Inequalityp. 206
Talking Past One Anotherp. 209
Internet Resource Directoryp. 215
Glossaryp. 221
Referencesp. 225
Photo Creditsp. 241
Author Indexp. 243
Subject Indexp. 249
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