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Reading the American Past: Volume II: From 1865 : Selected Historical Documents

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780312563776

ISBN10:
0312563779
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/5/2012
Publisher(s):
Bedford/St. Martin's
List Price: $35.50

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Summary

With five carefully selected documents per chapter, this two-volume primary source reader presents a wide range of documents representing political, social, and cultural history in a manageable, accessible way. Thirty-two new documents infuse the collection with the voices of an even wider range of historical actors. Expertly edited by Michael P. Johnson, one of the authors of The American Promise, the readings can be used to spark discussion in any classroom and fit into any syllabus. Headnotes and discussion questions help students approach the documents, and comparative questions encourage students to make connections across documents. Reading the American Pastis FREE when packaged with The American Promise, The American Promise: A Compact History, and Understanding the American Promise. For more information on the reader or on package ISBNs, please contact your local sales representative or click here

Author Biography

MICHAEL P. JOHNSON
Born and raised in Ponca City, Oklahoma, Michael P. Johnson studied at Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois, where he received a B.A., and at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, where he earned  his Ph.D.  He is currently professor of history at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. He is the author, co-author, or editor of six books, including Reading the American Past, the documents reader designed to accompany The American Promise.  His research has been honored with fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanties, the American Council of Learned Societies, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavoral Sciences, and the Huntington Library, and with prizes from the Organization of American Historians and the Omohundro Insttute of Early American History and Culture.  He is also the recipient of university prizes for outstanding undergraduate teaching.

Table of Contents

Preface for Instructors 
Introduction for Students
 
16. RECONSTRUCTION, 1863-1877 
     16-1 Carl Schurz Reports on the Condition of the Defeated South
 
          Report on the Condition of the South, 1865
     16-2 Black Codes Enacted in the South 
          Mississippi Black Code, November 1865
     16-3 Former Slaves Seek to Reunite Their Families 
          Advertisements from the Christian Recorder, 1865-1870
     16-4 Planter Louis Manigault Visits His Plantations and Former Slaves, 1867 
          Louis Manigault, “A Narrative of a Post-Civil War Visit to Gowrie and East Hermitage Plantations,” March 22, 1867
     16-5 Klan Violence against Blacks
          Elias Hill, Testimony before Congressional Committee Investigating the Ku Klux Klan, 1871
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS 
 
17. THE CONTESTED WEST, 1870-1900  
     17-1 Pun Chi Appeals to Congress in Behalf of Chinese Immigrants in California 
          A Remonstrance from the Chinese in California, ca. 1870
     17-2 Mattie Oblinger Describes Life on a Nebraska Homestead 
          Mattie V. Oblinger to George W. Thomas, Grizzie B. Thomas, and Wheeler Thomas Family, June 16, 1873
     17-3 Texas Rangers on the Mexican Border 
          N. A. Jennings, A Texas Ranger, 1875
     17-4 In-mut-too-yah-lat-lat Describes White Encroachment 
          Chief Joseph, Speech to a White Audience, 1879
     17-5 A Plea to “Citizenize” Indians 
          Richard Pratt, “Kill the Indian ... and save the man,” 1892
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS 
 
18. BUSINESS AND POLITICS IN THE GILDED AGE, 1870-1895  
     18-1 Marshall Kirkman Likens Railroad Corporations to Armies 
          Marshall M. Kirkman, “The Railway Army,” 1894
     18-2 William Graham Sumner on Social Obligations 
          What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, 1883
     18-3 Henry Demarest Lloyd Attacks Monopolies 
          Wealth against Commonwealth, 1894
     18-4 Andrew Carnegie Explains the Gospel of Wealth 
          Wealth, 1889
     18-5 Henry George Explains Why Poverty Is a Crime  
          An Analysis of the Crime of Poverty, 1885
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
19. THE CITY AND ITS WORKERS, 1870-1900  
     19-1 A Textile Worker Explains the Labor Market 
          Thomas O'Donnell, Testimony before a U.S. Senate Committee, 1885
     19-2 Domestic Servants on Household Work 
          Interviews with Journalist Helen Campbell, 1880s
     19-3 Jacob Riis Describes Abandoned Babies in New York City's Slums  
          Waifs of New York City's Slums, 1890
     19-4 Walter Wyckoff Listens to Revolutionary Workers in Chicago  
          Walter A. Wyckoff, “Among the Revolutionaries,” 1898
     19-5 George Washington Plunkitt Explains Politics  
          William L. Riordon, Plunkitt of Tammany Hall, 1905
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
20. DISSENT, DEPRESSION, AND WAR, 1890-1900  
     20-1 Mary Elizabeth Lease Reports on Women in the Farmers' Alliance  
          Mary Elizabeth Lease, “Women in the Farmers' Alliance,” 1891
     20-2 White Supremacy in Wilmington, North Carolina  
          Gunner Jesse Blake, Narrative of the Wilmington “Rebellion” of 1898
     20-3 Pinkertons Defeated at Homestead  
          Pinkerton Guard Testimony, 1893
     20-4 Conflicting Views about Labor Unions  
          N. F. Thompson, Testimony before the Industrial Commission on the Relations and Conditions of Capital and Labor, 1900
          Samuel Gompers, Letter to the American Federationist, 1894
     20-5 Emilio Aguinaldo Criticizes American Imperialism in the Philippines 
          Case against the United States, 1899
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
21. PROGRESSIVISM FROM THE GRASS ROOTS TO THE WHITE HOUSE, 1890-1916  
     21-1 Jane Addams on Settlement Houses 
          The Subjective Necessity for Social Settlements, 1892
     21-2 A Sociologist Studies Working-Class Saloons in Chicago  
          Royal Melendy, Ethical Substitutes for the Saloon, 1900
     21-3 Mother Jones on the Futility of Class Harmony  
          Letter to Mrs. Potter Palmer, January 12, 1907
     21-4 Marie Jenney Howe Parodies the Opposition to Women's Suffrage
          Marie Jenney Howe, An Anti-Suffrage Monologue, 1913
     21-5 Booker T. Washington on Racial Accommodation  
          The Atlanta Exposition Address, 1895
     21-6 W. E. B. Du Bois on Racial Equality  
          Booker T. Washington and Others, 1903
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS 
 
22. WORLD WAR I: THE PROGRESSIVE CRUSADE AT HOME AND ABROAD, 1914-1920 
     22-1 The North American Review Considers War a Blessing, Not a Curse
          “For Freedom and Democracy,” The North American Review, April 1917
     22-2 Eugene V. Debs Attacks Capitalist Warmongers  
          Speech Delivered in Canton, Ohio, June 16, 1918
     22-3 A Doughboy's Letter from the Front  
          Anonymous Soldier, Letter to Elmer J. Sutters, 1918
     22-4 Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer Defends America from Communists
          The Case against the “Reds,” 1920
     22-5 An African American Responds to the Chicago Race Riot  
          Stanley B. Norvell, Letter to Victor F. Lawson, 1919
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
23. FROM NEW ERA TO GREAT DEPRESSION, 1920-1932  
     23-1 Edward Earle Purinton Celebrates American Business as the Salvation of the World
          Edward Earle Purinton, “Big Ideas From Big Business: Try Them Out for Yourself,” The Independent, April 16, 1921
     23-2 Reinhold Niebuhr on Christianity in Detroit  
          Diary Entries, 1925-1928
     23-3 The Ku Klux Klan Defends Americanism  
          Hiram W. Evans, The Klan's Fight for Americanism, 1926
     23-4 Mothers Seek Freedom from Unwanted Pregnancies  
          Margaret Sanger, Motherhood in Bondage, 1928
     23-5 Marcus Garvey Explains the Goals of the Universal Negro Improvement Association  
          The Negro's Greatest Enemy, 1923
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
24. THE NEW DEAL EXPERIMENT, 1932-1939  
     24-1 Martha Gellhorn Reports on Conditions in North Carolina in 1934  
          Martha Gellhorn to Harry Hopkins, November 11, 1934
     24-2 Working People's Letters to New Dealers  
          Letter to Frances Perkins, January 27, 1935
          Letter to Frances Perkins, March 29, 1935
          Letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, November 23, 1936
          Letter to Frances Perkins, July 27, 1937
          Letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, November 27, 1939
     24-3 Huey Long Proposes Redistribution of Wealth  
          Speech to Members of the Share Our Wealth Society, 1935
     24-4 A Mexican American Farmworker Describes the Importance of Sticking Together  
          Jose Flores, Interview, Farm Security Administration Migrant Labor Camp, El Rio, California, 1941
     24-5 Conservatives Criticize the New Deal  
          Herbert Hoover, Anti - New Deal Campaign Speech, 1936
          Minnie Hardin, Letter to Eleanor Roosevelt, December 14, 1937
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
25. THE UNITED STATES AND THE SECOND WORLD WAR, 1939-1945  
     25-1 President Franklin D. Roosevelt Requests Declaration of War on Japan
 
          Speech to Congress, December 8, 1941
     25-2 A Japanese American War Hero Recalls Pearl Harbor  
          Grant Hirabayashi, Oral History, 1999
     25-3 The Holocaust: A Journalist Reports on Nazi Massacres of Jews  
          Varian Fry, The Massacre of the Jews, December 21, 1942
     25-4 Soldiers Send Messages Home  
          Sergeant Irving Strobing, Radio Address from Corregidor, Philippines, May 5 or 6, 1942
          John Conroy, Letter, December 24, 1942
          Allen Spach, Letter, February 1943
          James McMahon, Letter, March 10, 1944
          David Mark Olds, Letter, July 12, 1945
     25-5 Rosies the Riveters Recall Working in War Industries
          Rosie the Riveter Memoirs
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
26. COLD WAR POLITICS IN THE TRUMAN YEARS, 1945-1953  
     26-1 General Marshall Summarizes the Lessons of World War II  
          For the Common Defense, 1945
     26-2 George F. Kennan Outlines Containment  
          The Long Telegram, February 22, 1946
     26-3 Cold War Blueprint  
          NSC-68: U.S. Objectives and Programs for National Security, 1950
     26-4 Senator Joseph McCarthy Hunts Communists  
          Speech Delivered in Wheeling, West Virginia, February 9, 1950
     26-5 Donald M. Griffith Recalls Combat in the Korean War
          Donald M. Griffith Interview, 2003
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
27. THE POLITICS AND CULTURE OF ABUNDANCE, 1952-1960  
     27-1 Edith M. Stern Attacks the Domestic Bondage of Women  
          Women Are Household Slaves, 1949
     27-2 Vance Packard Analyzes the Age of Affluence  
          The Status Seekers, 1959
     27-3 George E. McMillan Reports on Racial Conditions in the South in 1960
          George E. McMillan, “Sit-Downs: The South's New Time Bomb,” 1960
     27-4 Civil Defense in the Nuclear Shadow  
          North Dakota Civil Defense Agency, How You Will Survive, 1960
     27-5 President Dwight D. Eisenhower Warns about the Military-Industrial Complex  
          Farewell Address, January 1961
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
28. REFORM, REBELLION, AND REACTION, 1960-1974  
     28-1 New Left Students Seek Democratic Social Change  
          Students for a Democratic Society, The Port Huron Statement, 1962
     28-2 Martin Luther King Jr. Explains Nonviolent Resistance  
          Letter from Birmingham City Jail, 1963
     28-3 George C. Wallace Denounces the Civil Rights Movement
          George C. Wallace, "The Civil Rights Movement: Fraud, Sham, and Hoax," July 4, 1964
     28-4 Black Power  
          Chicago Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee Leaflet, 1967
     28-5 Equal Rights for Women  
          National Organization for Women, Statement of Purpose, October 29, 1966
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  
 
29. VIETNAM AND THE LIMITS OF POWER, 1961-1975  
     29-1 President Kennedy Explains Why We Are in Vietnam  
          Bobbie Lou Pendergrass, Letter to President John F. Kennedy, February 18, 1963
          President John F. Kennedy, Letter to Bobbie Lou Pendergrass, March 6, 1963
     29-2 A Secret Government Assessment of the Vietnam War  
          Robert S. McNamara, Actions Recommended for Vietnam, October 14, 1966
     29-3 Military Discipline in an Unpopular War  
          Robert D. Heinl Jr., The Collapse of the Armed Forces, June 7, 1971
     29-4 An American Soldier in Vietnam 
          Arthur E. Woodley Jr., Oral History of a Special Forces Ranger
     29-5 John Kerry Denounces the Vietnam War
          John Kerry Testimony before the Senate Committee of Foreign Relations, 1971
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS 
 
30. AMERICA MOVES TO THE RIGHT, 1969-1989 
     30-1 The Watergate Tapes: Nixon, Dean, and Haldeman Discuss the Cancer within the Presidency  
          Transcript from Tape-Recorded Meeting, March 21, 1973
     30-2 Roe v. Wade and Abortion Rights 
          Supreme Court Decision, 1973
     30-3 Norma McCorvey Explains How She Became “Roe” of Roe v. Wade
          Norma McCorvey Affidavit, United States District Court, District of New Jersey, 2000
     30-4 President Ronald Reagan Defends American Morality  
          Address to the National Association of American Evangelicals, 1983
     30-5 A Vietnamese Immigrant on the West Coast 
          Anonymous Man, Oral History, 1983
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS 
 
31. THE END OF THE COLD WAR AND THE CHALLENGES OF GLOBALIZATION, SINCE 1989  
     31-1 National Security of the United States Requires Preemptive War  
          The National Security Strategy of the United States, September 2002
     31-2 A Captured 9/11 Terrorist Confesses  
          Khalid Sheikh Muhammad, Confession, 2007
     31-3 A Christian Leader Argues That Evangelical Christianity Has Been Hijacked  
          Tony Campolo, Interview, 2004
     31-4 Joseph Stiglitz Describes Capitalist Fools' Responsibility for the Economic Crisis
          Joseph E. Stiglitz, “Capitalist Fools,” Global Research, December 11, 2008
     31-5 President Barack Obama Declares a New Beginning in U. S. Relations with the Muslim World
          President Barack Obama, “On a New Beginning,” Cairo, Egypt, June 4, 2010
COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS  

 


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