Readings on Latin America and its People, Volume 2 (Since 1800)

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-01-03
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Readings on Latin America and Its Peopleemphasizes the texture of everyday life for men and women, young and old, rich and poor. Volume 2 presents a variety of primary sources from Latin Americars"s modern period, from the independence movements of the 19th century through the present day.

Author Biography

Cheryl E. Martin has taught Latin American History at the University of Texas at El Paso since 1978. A native of Buffalo, New York, she received her bachelor’s degree from the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service and her M.A. and Ph.D. from Tulane University. She studied at the Universidad de Cuenca, Ecuador, on a Fulbright Fellowship and was a visiting instructor at the Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Mexico. Her publications include Rural Society in Colonial Morelos (1985) and Governance and Society in Colonial Mexico: Chihuahua in the Eighteenth Century (1996). She also co-edited, with William Beezley and William E. French, Rituals of Rule, Rituals of Resistance: Public Celebrations and Popular Culture in Mexico (1994). Professor Martin has served on the council of the American Historical Association and on the editorial boards of the Hispanic American Historical Review, The Americas, the Latin American Research Review, and H. Borderlands. She has received two fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities and Awards for Distinguished Achievement in both teaching and research at the University of Texas at El Paso. In her spare time, she likes to ice skate. 


Mark Wasserman is a professor of history at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, where he has taught since 1978. Brought up in Marblehead, Massachusetts, he earned his B.A. at Duke University and his M.A. and Ph.D. at the University of Chicago. He is the author of three books on Mexico: Capitalists, Caciques, and Revolution: The Native Elite and Foreign Enterprise in Chihuahua, Mexico, 1854—1911(1984); Persistent Oligarchs: Elites and Politics in Chihuahua, Mexico, 1910—1940 (1993); and Everyday Life and Politics in Nineteenth Century Mexico: Men, Women, and War (2000). He also coauthored the early editions of the best-selling History of Latin America (1980—88) with Benjamin Keen. Professor Wasserman has twice won the Arthur P. Whitaker Prize for his books. Professor Wasserman has received research fellowships from the Tinker Foundation, the American Council of Learned Societies/Social Science Research Council, the American Philosophical Society, and the National Endowment of the Humanities.  He has been Vice-Chair for Undergraduate Education of the Rutgers Department of History and Chair of the Department’s Teaching Effectiveness Committee. Professor Wasserman was an elected member of the Highland Park, New Jersey, Board of Education for nearly a decade and served as its president for two years.  He is an avid fan of Duke basketball and enjoys hiking and travel.

Table of Contents

1.         Independence in Mexico

  • Letter of Chito Villagrán to Dr. Diego Antonio Rodríguez, June 8, 1812 in Eric Van Young, The Other Rebellion, pp. 190-191.
  • El Despertador Americano, January, 1881
  • Excerpt, Lucas Alamán, The Alhondiga
  • Agustín de Iturbide, Plan de Iguala


2.         Popular Participation in Nineteenth Century Politics

  • Parian riot 1829, descriptions
  • Huantla documents
  • 1830 in Venezuela, Williamson, Caracas Diary
  • Brantz Mayer, Mexico as It Was and as It Is


3.         War

  • Wars of Independence, Hippisley, A Journey to the Rivers Orinoco
  • Cost of War, Wars of Independence in Peru
  • War with the United States, Santa Anna, Autobiography
  • To Mexico with Taylor and Scott
  • Paraguayan War documents
  • Woodcuts from the Paraguayan War
  • Chaco War, Estigarribia memoirs
  • Soldaderas, from Smith and Judah and Gregg
  • Report of President Don Juan Rafael Mora on the Battle of Rivas Of April 11, 1856


4.         Everyday Life in the Countryside: Nineteenth Century

  • Coffee fazenda, from Gardner, Travels..
  • Fazenda, Agassiz, A Journey in Brazil
  • Life of a planter, from Burton, Explorations of the Highland of Brazil
  • Manioc, Kidder, Brazil and the Brazilians
  • Laundry, from Kidder, Brazil and the Brazilians
  • Indians, from Koster, Travels in Brazil
  • Indian dwelling, from Sartorius, Mexico about 1850
  • House in the Countryside, Mayer, Mexico as It Was and Is
  • Sertao, from Koster, Travels in Brazil
  • Mestizo dwelling, from Sartorius, Mexico about 1850
  • Gaucho, Head, Journeys across the Pampas
  • Religious festival, from Kidder, Sketches of a Residence
  • Priests, from Gardner, Travels in the Interior of Brazil
  • Mining, from Burton, Highlands of Brazil


5.         Everyday Life: Slaves

  • Montejo, The Autobiography of a Runaway Slave
  • Wetherell, Stray Notes from Bahia (2)           
  • Burton, Explorations of the Highlands of Brazil (2)
  • Wetherell, Stray Notes from Bahia
  • Slave Auction, Stewart, Personal Record
  • Corporal Punishment, Graham, Journal of a Voyage to Brazil


6.         Everyday Life: Cities in the Nineteenth Century

  • Creoles in Mexico City, from Sartorius, Mexico about 1850
  • Rio de Janeiro, from Graham
  • Rio de Janeiro, from Kidder, Brazil and the Brazilians
  • Bahia, from Maria Dundas Graham, Journal of a Voyage to Brazil
  • Free Blacks, from Graham
  • Buenos Aires, Stewart, The Personal Record of a Cruise
  • Buenos Aires, Francis Bond Head, Journeys across…
  • Ceará, from Henry Koster, Travels in Brazil
  • Ecuador, Hassaurek, Four Years among the Ecuadorians
  • Mendoza, Francis Bond Head, Journeys across…
  • Life in Town, from Sartorius
  • Day of the Dead, from Sartorius
  • Religious Festival, C.S. Stewart, The Personal Record of a Cruise
  • Carnival, Wetherell, Brazil: Stray Notes from Bahia
  • Funerals, Kidder, Sketches…


7.         The Military

  • Statement of Carlos Ibañez of Chile on the role of the military
  • General Benavides last will and testament 1931
  • Brazil, Ministry of Foreign Relations,  Understanding the Brazilian Armed Forces
  • Tobás Barros, Description of a Chilean recruit
  • Military Budget 1840, from Mayer, Mexico as it was and as it is.
  • Soldiers, from W. R. Carson, Mexico : Wonderland of the South
  • Kate Doyle, “Reporting on the Mexican Military”
  • Torture in Brazil
  • Confessions of an Argentine Dirty Warrior


8.         Everyday Life in the Countryside: Twentieth Century

  • Subsistence Agriculture in Guatemala, Joseño
  • Export Agriculture, Ruhl, The Central Americans
  • Vanilla farmers, The Herald Mexico
  • NAFTA, Cevallos
  • Land Reform Bolivia, La Revolución nacional
  • The Cuban Land Reform, Che Guevara
  • Brazil, Agrarian policy, National Commission
  • Brazil, Land Reform, Steven Schwartzman
  • San José Disputes with San Martín over Water Rights, from Son of Tecún Uman
  • Deforestation in the Amazon, Rhett Butler
  • Earth Flies in All Directions: The Daily Lives of Women in Minas Gerais


9.         Everyday Life: Cities in the Twentieth Century

  • Rio de Janeiro, from H. J. Holland, To the River Plate and Back
  • Montevideo, from H. J. Holland, To the River Plate and Back
  • Immigrant Buenos Aires, from One Family, Two Worlds (2)
  • Mexico City, from Carlos Moncivais, Mexican Postcards
  • Map, Mexico City 1910
  • The Sánchez Family Revisited


10.       Mexican Revolution

  • Program of the Liberal Party 1906
  • Plan de San Luis Potosí
  • Plan de Ayala
  • Villa’s memoirs
  • Corridos
  • John Reed, Insurgent Mexico
  • B. Traven, The General from the Jungle
  • Fuentes, The Death of Artemio Cruz


11. Time of the Terror and Civil Wars

  • Street Song v. Allende
  • Argentina, Never Again
  • Carlos Godoy
  • Bornemann, Surviving Mexico’s Dirty War
  • Amnesty International: Summary of Concerns 1980-1995.
  • Americas Watch Committee and the American Civil Liberties Union,
  • Report on Human Rights in El Salvador, Chapter Four: The Right to Humane Treatment and Physical Integrity
  • “Lupe” in The Hour of the Poor, The Hour of Women: Salvadoran Women Speak.
  • We Value Life Very Deeply: Five Centuries of Struggle, in
  • The Granddaughters of Ixmucané: Guatemalan Women Speak
  • Doris Tijerino, in Sandino’s Daughters Revisited
  • Dom Hélder Camara, Revolution through Peace


12.       The New Latin America

  • Forty Years of Fighting for Paz, Sovereignty and Social Justice, FARC
  • EZLN’s Declaration of War “Today we Say Enough is Enough
  • Kirchner’s Speech to the Council of the Americas, 9/21/2006
  • Guide for the Mexican Migrant
  • CONAIE’s Sixteen demands
  • CONAIE’s Sixteen Points
  • CONAIE convokes an Uprising

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