9783110183191

Rebuilding Identity

by
  • ISBN13:

    9783110183191

  • ISBN10:

    3110183196

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2004-11-30
  • Publisher: De Gruyter

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

This monograph presents a fresh and detailed treatment of the problems posed by the Nehemiah-Memoir. Starting from the pre-critical interpretations of Ezra-Neh, the study demonstrates that the use of the first-person does not suffice as a criterion for distinguishing between the verba Neemiae and the additions of later authors. The earliest edition of the Memoir isconfined to a building report, which was expanded as early generations of readers developed the implications of Nehemiah's accomplishments for the consolidation and centralization of Judah. The expansions occasioned in turn the composition of the history of the "Restoration" in Ezra-Neh.

Table of Contents

Foreword vii
1. Introduction - Spinoza and the Attempt to Isolate Nehemiah's First-Person Account 1(6)
I. In Susa -1:1-11
Introduction
7(60)
2. Nehemiah's First Prayer - 1:5-11a
9(16)
2.1 Introduction
9(1)
2.2 Diachronic Analysis
10(4)
2.2.1 The Prayer in the Context of Neh 1-2
10(2)
2.2.2 Prayers in other Biblical Narratives
12(2)
2.3 The Function of the Prayer
14(8)
2.3.1 The Influence of Solomon's Prayer in 1 Kgs 8
14(3)
2.3.2 The Prayer Between Ezra 1-10 and Neh 2-13
17(5)
2.4 Conclusions
22(3)
3. The Origins of Jerusalem's Ruins
25(20)
3.1 Introduction
25(1)
3.2 Examination of Neh 1:1-4
25(6)
3.3 Neh 1-2 and the Artaxerxes-Correspondence
31(12)
3.3.1 Comparison of the Texts
31(4)
3.3.2 The Authenticity of the Artaxerxes-Correspondence
35(4)
3.3.3 The Function of Artaxerxes-Correspondence in the Context of Ezra-Neh
39(4)
3.4 Conclusions
43(2)
4. A Prologue to the Amplified Account - 1:1b-4
45(22)
4.1 Introduction
45(1)
4.2 The Tensions in Neh 1:1-2:11
46(11)
4.2.1 The Statement of Nehemiah's Position - 1:11b
46(3)
4.2.2 The Date in 1:1a
49(4)
4.2.3 The Introduction to the Account in 1:11b, 2:1ff
53(4)
4.3 The Reasons for the Composition of 1:lb-4
57(8)
4.3.1 The Twofold Problem in the Province
57(5)
4.3.2 The Concern for the Identity of the Judeans
62(3)
4.4 Conclusions
65(2)
II. From Susa to Jerusalem
Introduction
67(122)
5. Artaxerxes' Permission to Build - 2:1-11a
69(27)
5.1 Introduction
69(1)
5.2 The Composition of the Account
69(12)
5.2.1 The Integrity of W. 1-6
70(3)
5.2.2 The Supplements in VV. 7-10
73(8)
5.3 The Ramifications of the Analysis for an Historical Reconstruction
81(12)
5.3.1 The Building Project and Achaemenid Strategic Concerns
81(5)
5.3.2 The Relationship of Neh 2:1-11a to Ezra 7-8
86(7)
5.4 Conclusions
93(3)
6. The Consolidation of the Builders - 2:11b-4:17
96(33)
6.1 Introduction
96(1)
6.2 Nehemiah's "Night Ride" - 2:11b-15
96(9)
6.2.1 Evidence of Editorial Activity
96(4)
6.2.2 Three Compositional Layers
100(5)
6.3 The Commencement and Completion of the Wall - 2:16b-3:38
105(19)
6.3.1 The Address to the Leaders - 2:16b-18
106(3)
6.3.2 The Priority of the Register of Builders in 3:1-32
109(1)
6.3.2.1 The Parallels between 2:19f. + 3:1-32 and 7:4-72
112(1)
6.3.2.2 The Composition of 2:19-20 and 3:33-37
114(1)
6.3.2.3 The Testimony of 3:1-32 to the Original Brevity of the Building Account
118(6)
6.4 Conclusions
124(5)
7. The Intimidation of the Builder - 6:1-19
129(34)
7.1 Introduction
129(1)
7.2 The Unity of the Chapter
129(1)
7.3 The Heading - V.1
130(3)
7.4 Nehemiah's Correspondence with Sanballat and Geshem
133(11)
7.4.1 Nehemiah as an Indefatigable Builder - VV. 2-4
134(4)
7.4.2 The Builder's Royal Prerogatives - VV. 5-9
138(4)
7.4.3 The Priority and Purpose of VV. 5-9
142(2)
7.5 The Notice of Completion (VV. 15-16) in the Context of VV. 10-19
144(16)
7.5.1 Nehemiah's Encounter with Shemaiah - VV. 10-14
145(5)
7.5.2 The Completion of the Building - VV. 15-16
150(3)
7.5.3 Tobiah's Correspondence with the Judean Nobility (VV. 17-19) and the Increasing Significance of the Notice of Completion (V. 15)
153(7)
7.6 Conclusions
160(3)
8. The Socioeconomic Reforms - 5:1-19
163(26)
8.1 Introduction
163(2)
8.2 Comparison of the Reform Accounts in Neh 5 and 13
165(6)
8.3 Nehemiah as an Ideal Leader - 5:14-19
171(9)
8.3.1 Introduction
171(2)
8.3.2 The Date in V. 14
173(3)
8.3.3 The Portrayal of Nehemiah's Governorship
176(4)
8.4 Nehemiah's Call for a Cancellation of Debts: VV. 1-13 and 19
180(6)
8.5 Conclusions
186(3)
III. Additional Reforms during the Work on the Wall - 13:4-31
Introduction
189(23)
9. The Cultic Reforms - 13:4-14
191(21)
9.1. Introduction
191(1)
9.2 The Eliashib-Tobiah Affair - 13:4-9
191(13)
9.2.1. The Interpolation of V. 6b
191(6)
9.2.2 The Original Literary Setting of 13:4-9
197(5)
9.2.3 The Historicity of Episode
202(2)
9.3 The Reinstallation of the Levites and Singers - 13:10-14
204(6)
9.3.1 The Historical Settings
204(3)
9.3.2 Nehemiah's Levitical Partisanship
207(3)
9.4. Conclusions
210(2)
Excursus I: The Composition of Neh 10:1-40
212(9)
10. The Sabbath-Reforms - 13:15-22
221(22)
10.1. Introduction
221(2)
10.2. Synchronic Analysis
223(1)
10.3. Diachronic Analysis
224(17)
10.3.1. The Final Redaction
225(4)
10.3.2. The Affinities of the Final Redaction to Jer 17:19ff
229(4)
10.3.3 The Earliest Editions
233(8)
10.4 Conclusions
241(2)
11. The Marriage-Reforms - 13:23-31
243(28)
11.1. Introduction
243(1)
11.2 The Literary Development of 13:23-26 and Ezra 9-10
244(13)
11.2.1 Analysis of 13:23-26
244(4)
11.2.2. Comparison with Ezra 9-10
248(9)
11.3. The Banishment of Eliashib's Descendant - 13:28f
257(11)
11.3.1 The Notice 13:28f. in its Context
257(4)
11.3.2 Possible Historical Backgrounds to 13:28f
261(7)
11.4 Conclusions
268(3)
IV. The Dedication of the Wall (12:27-13:3) and the Formation of a New Climax (7:1-12:26)
Introduction
271(2)
12. The Account of the Dedication Ceremonies (12:27ff.) and the Analogy of 7:1-3
273(22)
12.1 Introduction
273(1)
12.2 Analysis of the Composition of 12:27-43
273(15)
12.2.1 The Abrupt Beginning in v. 31
273(2)
12.2.2 The Continuation of v. 31b in v. 37
275(1)
12.2.3 The Lists of the Participants in vv. 32-36
276(4)
12.2.4 The Second TBdah
280(4)
12.2.5 The Conclusion in v. 43 and the Priority of the Third-Person Narrative in vv. 27 and 43
284(4)
12.3 The Third-Person Substratum in 7:1-3
288(4)
12.4 Conclusions
292(3)
13. The Account of the Dedication Ceremonies and the Growth of Chaps. 7-13
295(20)
13.1. Introduction
295(1)
13.2 The Priority of 12:27 vis-i-vis 11:3ff. and 13:10-13, 14b
296(1)
13.3 The Literary Link between 7:1-3 + 11:1-2
297(12)
13.3.1 The Enrollment of the Residents of the "New" Jerusalem in 7:4-72
298(3)
13.3.2 The Priority of Ezra 2
301(3)
13.3.3 The Connections Between 7:1-3 and 11:1-2
304(3)
13.3.4 The Late Character of 7:1-3 +11:1-2
307(2)
13.4 The Analogy of the Temple Dedication in Ezra 6:16-22
309(4)
13.5 Conclusions
313(2)
14. The Final Form of the Book in Neh 12:44-13:3 and Neh 8-10
315(4)
14.1 Introduction 315
14.2 The Youngest Additions to Ezra-Neh-Neh 12:44-13:3 and Neh 8-10
315(6)
14.2.1 The Paragraphs in 12:44-13:3
315(2)
14.2.2 The Literary Setting(s) of 8:13-18 and 9:1-10:40
317(2)
Excursus II: Evidence of Editorial Activity in 8:1-12
319(21)
14.2.3 The Provenance of 8:1-12
321(9)
14.2.3.1 The Evidence of 1 Esdras
322(3)
14.2.3.2 The Transposition-Hypothesis
325(5)
14.3 Concluding Survey
330(10)
The Primary Compositional Layers of Neh 1-13 (Table) 340(1)
Bibliographies 341(14)
Index of Biblical and Ancient Literature 355(9)
Index of Modem Authors 364(4)
Index of Subjects 368

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