9780827378483

Residential Architecture Design and Drafting

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780827378483

  • ISBN10:

    0827378483

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1998-01-12
  • Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning

Note: Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

With the latest information on many of today's hot issues, this book will prove valuable to entry-level professionals in drafting and design. While providing excellent background on all basic concepts -- from metric dimensioning to structural calculations -- the book delves into such contemporary concerns as radon control, alternate heating/cooling methods, energy conservation, fire prevention, and accessibility for the physically challenged. Authors Ernest and mark Weidhaas address specific issues from across the nation: from ice dam prevention and moisture control to hurricane, lightning, and earthquake protection. Over 1,000 illustrations -- including pictorals in perspective -- allow readers to grasp many concepts and issues at a glance.

Table of Contents

SECTION I Introduction to Architectural Drafting 1(101)
CHAPTER 1 Architectural Styling
2(17)
Objectives
2(1)
Key Terms
2(1)
Traditional
2(8)
Contemporary Architecture
10(8)
Review Questions
18(1)
Enrichment Questions
18(1)
Practical Exercises
18(1)
CHAPTER 2 Architectural Drafting Tools
19(11)
Objectives
19(1)
Key Terms
19(1)
Basic Equipment
19(5)
Advanced and Special Equipment
24(4)
Review Questions
28(1)
Enrichment Questions
28(1)
Practical Exercises
29(1)
CHAPTER 3 Sketching
30(8)
Objectives
30(1)
Key Terms
30(1)
Sketching
30(4)
Computer-Aided Sketching
34(2)
Review Questions
36(1)
Enrichment Questions
36(1)
Practical Exercises
37(1)
CHAPTER 4 Drafting
38(16)
Objectives
38(1)
Key Terms
38(1)
Drafting Basics
38(3)
Geometric Constructions
41(8)
Computer-Aided Drafting
49(2)
Review Questions
51(1)
Enrichment Questions
51(1)
Practical Exercises
51(3)
CHAPTER 5 Architectural Technique
54(10)
Objectives
54(1)
Key Terms
54(1)
Line Character
54(1)
Line Technique
55(2)
Architectural Symbols
57(3)
Computer-Generated Symbols
60(2)
Review Questions
62(1)
Enrichment Questions
62(1)
Practical Exercises
63(1)
CHAPTER 6 Computer-Aided Drafting
64(16)
Objectives
64(1)
Key Terms
64(1)
Background
64(1)
The Computer Workstation
64(3)
Popular Systems
67(6)
Architectural Databases
73(3)
Future Trends
76(2)
Review Questions
78(1)
Enrichment Questions
78(1)
Practical Exercises
79(1)
CHAPTER 7 Architectural Design with CAD
80(22)
Objectives
80(1)
Getting Started
80(1)
The Monitor
81(3)
Digitizer Tablet Menus
84(1)
Drawing with CAD
85(8)
Three-Dimensional Drawing
93(3)
Shutting Down
96(1)
Review Questions
97(1)
Enrichment Questions
98(1)
Practical Exercises
98(4)
SECTION II Drawing Conventions 102(70)
CHAPTER 8 Projections
102(5)
Objectives
102(1)
Key Terms
102(1)
Types of Projections
102(4)
Review Questions
106(1)
Practical Exercises
106(1)
CHAPTER 9 Multiview Projections
107(10)
Objectives
107(1)
Key Terms
107(8)
Review Questions
115(1)
Enrichment Questions
115(1)
Practical Exercises
115(2)
CHAPTER 10 Auxiliary Views
117(5)
Objectives
117(1)
Key Terms
117(3)
Review Questions
120(1)
Enrichment Questions
120(1)
Practical Exercises
121(1)
CHAPTER 11 Pictorial Projections
122(8)
Objectives
122(1)
Key Terms
122(5)
Review Questions
127(1)
Enrichment Questions
127(1)
Practical Exercises
128(2)
CHAPTER 12 Architectural Lettering
130(10)
Objectives
130(1)
Key Terms
130(1)
Lettering Styles
130(1)
Lettering Secrets
131(3)
Architectural Lettering
134(1)
Computer-Produced Lettering
135(1)
Presentation Drawing
136(3)
Review Questions
139(1)
Enrichment Questions
139(1)
Practical Exercises
139(1)
CHAPTER 13 Architectural Dimensioning in English Units
140(12)
Objectives
140(1)
Key Terms
140(1)
Architectural Plan Dimensions
140(3)
Elevation Dimensions
143(1)
Sectional Dimensions
144(1)
Topographical Dimensions
144(2)
Computer-Aided Dimensioning
146(1)
Modular Coordination
146(4)
Review Questions
150(1)
Enrichment Questions
150(1)
Practical Exercises
151(1)
CHAPTER 14 Architectural Dimensioning in Metric Units
152(20)
Objectives
152(1)
Key Terms
152(1)
The SI Metric System
152(2)
Use of SI Units on Architectural Drawings
154(1)
Lumber
155(2)
Masonry
157(2)
Steel
159(1)
Metric Design
159(1)
Dual Dimensioning
160(8)
Review Questions
168(1)
Enrichment Questions
168(1)
Practical Exercises
169(3)
SECTION III Introduction to Architectural Design 172(106)
CHAPTER 15 Architectural History
172(16)
Objectives
172(1)
Key Terms
172(1)
Preview
173(1)
Structural Systems
173(1)
Egyptian Architecture
173(2)
Greek Architecture
175(3)
Roman Architecture
178(3)
Gothic Architecture
181(1)
Renaissance Architecture
181(1)
Mechanical Systems
182(2)
Domestic Architecture
184(2)
Review Questions
186(1)
Enrichment Questions
186(1)
Practical Exercises
187(1)
CHAPTER 16 Primary Considerations
188(15)
Objectives
188(1)
Key Terms
188(1)
The Site
188(1)
Architectural Styling
189(1)
Basic Structure
189(10)
Building Codes and Zoning
199(1)
Cost
200(1)
Review Questions
201(1)
Enrichment Questions
201(1)
Practical Exercises
202(1)
CHAPTER 17 Financing
203(8)
Objectives
203(1)
Key Terms
203(1)
Mortgage Calculations
203(5)
Cost Estimation
208(1)
Reducing Cost
208(1)
Review Questions
209(1)
Enrichment Questions
209(1)
Practical Exercises
209(2)
CHAPTER 18 The Program
211(5)
Objectives
211(1)
General Requirements
211(1)
Orientation
211(1)
Room Requirements
211(2)
Room Sizes
213(1)
Mechanical Requirements
213(1)
Site
213(1)
Review Questions
214(1)
Practical Exercises
214(2)
CHAPTER 19 Introduction to Room Design
216(6)
Objectives
216(1)
Key Terms
216(4)
Future Trends
220(1)
Review Questions
220(1)
Enrichment Questions
221(1)
Practical Exercises
221(1)
CHAPTER 20 The Kitchen
222(14)
Objectives
222(1)
Key Terms
222(13)
Review Questions
235(1)
Enrichment Questions
235(1)
Practical Exercises
235(1)
CHAPTER 21 Living, Dining, and Sleeping Areas
236(14)
Objectives
236(1)
Key Terms
236(1)
Living Area Design
236(6)
Dining Area Design
242(3)
Bedroom Design
245(3)
Review Questions
248(1)
Enrichment Questions
249(1)
Practical Exercises
249(1)
CHAPTER 22 Service Areas
250(12)
Objectives
250(1)
Key Terms
250(1)
Home Office Design
250(1)
Computer Area Design
250(2)
Bathroom Design
252(3)
Laundry Design
255(3)
Storage Design
258(1)
Porch Design
258(1)
Patio Design
258(1)
Lanai Design
259(1)
Garage Design
260(1)
Review Questions
261(1)
Enrichment Questions
261(1)
Practical Exercises
261(1)
CHAPTER 23 Preliminary Layout
262(16)
Objectives
262(1)
Key Terms
262(1)
The Program Requirements
262(1)
Orientation
262(1)
Circulation
263(1)
Efficiency
264(1)
Elevations
265(1)
Planning Procedure
265(6)
Plan Analysis
271(1)
Reference Plan Sources
272(2)
Review Questions
274(1)
Enrichment Questions
274(1)
Practical Exercises
274(4)
SECTION IV Working Drawings 278(118)
CHAPTER 24 Floor Plans
278(12)
Objectives
278(1)
Key Terms
278(1)
Working Drawings
278(2)
First-Floor Plan
280(5)
Second-Floor Plan
285(1)
Basement Plan
286(1)
Computer-Aided Floor Plans
286(1)
Review Questions
286(2)
Enrichment Questions
288(1)
Practical Exercises
288(2)
CHAPTER 25 The Plot Plan
290(11)
Objectives
290(1)
Key Terms
290(1)
Step 1: Property Lines
290(1)
Step 2: Contour Lines
290(3)
Step 3: Zoning
293(1)
Step 4: Trees
294(1)
Step 5: Location of House
294(2)
Step 6: Utilities
296(1)
Step 7: Adjustment of Contour Lines
296(3)
Computer-Aided Plot Plans
299(1)
Review Questions
299(1)
Enrichment Questions
300(1)
Practical Exercises
300(1)
CHAPTER 26 Roofs
301(14)
Objectives
301(1)
Key Terms
301(1)
Traditional Roof Types
302(1)
Dormer Types
302(1)
Contemporary Roof Types
303(2)
Roofing Materials
305(3)
Roof Pitch
308(2)
Flashing
310(1)
Guttering
310(1)
Skylights
310(2)
Construction
312(1)
Review Questions
313(1)
Enrichment Questions
314(1)
Practical Exercises
314(1)
CHAPTER 27 Elevations and Sections
315(18)
Objectives
315(1)
Key Terms
315(1)
Interior Elevations
315(1)
Elevations
315(1)
Elevation Design
316(12)
Sections
328(3)
Computer-Generated Elevations
331(1)
Review Questions
331(1)
Enrichment Questions
332(1)
Practical Exercises
332(1)
CHAPTER 28 Windows
333(14)
Objectives
333(1)
Key Terms
333(1)
Types
334(3)
Installation
337(1)
Terminology
337(2)
Specifying Windows
339(2)
Detailing
341(1)
Window Arrangements
341(4)
Review Questions
345(1)
Enrichment Questions
345(1)
Practical Exercises
346(1)
CHAPTER 29 Doors
347(12)
Objectives
347(1)
Key Terms
347(1)
Types
347(2)
Materials
349(1)
Terminology
350(2)
Specifying Doors
352(2)
Hardware
354(2)
Garage Doors
356(1)
Cabinets
356(1)
Detailing
356(1)
Review Questions
357(1)
Enrichment Questions
358(1)
Practical Exercises
358(1)
CHAPTER 30 Schedules
359(6)
Objectives
359(1)
Key Terms
359(1)
Door and Window Schedules
359(1)
Additional Schedules
360(2)
Computer-Produced Schedules
362(1)
Review Questions
363(1)
Enrichment Questions
364(1)
Practical Exercises
364(1)
CHAPTER 31 Stairways
365(14)
Objectives
365(1)
Key Terms
365(1)
Types
365(1)
Terms
366(1)
Design
366(3)
Layout
369(1)
Construction
369(1)
Stair Details
370(1)
Railings
371(3)
Treillage
374(1)
Computer-Aided Details
374(3)
Review Questions
377(1)
Enrichment Questions
377(1)
Practical Exercises
378(1)
CHAPTER 32 Fireplaces and Chimneys
379(17)
Objectives
379(1)
Key Terms
379(1)
Styling
379(3)
Fuel
382(1)
Location
383(1)
Size
384(1)
Construction
385(5)
Fireplace and Chimney Details
390(1)
Review Questions
390(2)
Enrichment Questions
392(1)
Practical Exercises
392(4)
SECTION V Light Construction 396(58)
CHAPTER 33 Light Framing
396(32)
Objectives
396(1)
Key Terms
396(1)
Survey
396(1)
Staking
397(1)
Excavation
398(1)
Footing
399(1)
Drainage
400(1)
Foundation
400(3)
Sill
403(1)
Header
404(1)
Girder
404(3)
Floor Joists
407(1)
Bridging
408(1)
Subflooring and Flooring
409(1)
Studs
409(1)
Window and Door Openings
409(1)
Corner Posts
410(1)
Cantilever Framing
410(1)
Sheathing
410(1)
Building Paper and Housewrap
410(1)
Rafters
411(1)
Roof Thrust
411(1)
Flat Roofs
412(1)
Cornices
413(1)
Exterior Finish
413(5)
Interior Finish
418(2)
Other Construction Types
420(3)
Future Construction Methods and Materials
423(2)
Review Questions
425(1)
Enrichment Questions
426(1)
Practical Exercises
426(2)
CHAPTER 34 Structural Calculations
428(13)
Objectives
428(1)
Key Terms
428(1)
Structural Members
428(3)
Footings
431(1)
Wood Posts
432(1)
Steel Pipe Columns
432(1)
Wood Girders
433(1)
Steel Beams
433(1)
Joists
434(1)
Laminated Decking
435(1)
Roofs
436(1)
Headers
436(1)
Lintels
437(1)
General Example
437(1)
Computer-Aided Structural Plans
438(2)
Review Questions
440(1)
Enrichment Questions
440(1)
Practical Exercises
440(1)
CHAPTER 35 Durability
441(13)
Objectives
441(1)
Key Terms
441(1)
Moisture Control
441(1)
Termite Control
442(3)
Carpenter Ant Control
445(1)
Decay Prevention
446(1)
Corrosion Prevention
446(1)
Lightning Prevention
447(1)
Hurricane Protection
447(1)
Earthquake Protection
448(1)
Radon Control
449(1)
Review Questions
450(1)
Enrichment Questions
451(1)
Practical Exercises
451(3)
SECTION VI Electrical-Mechanical Systems 454(74)
CHAPTER 36 Electrical Conventions
454(15)
Objectives
454(1)
Key Terms
454(1)
Fixtures
455(1)
Switches
456(1)
Outlets
457(2)
Telephones
459(1)
Use of Conventions
459(1)
Computer-Aided Electrical Plans
459(1)
Service
459(1)
Circuits
460(3)
Low-Voltage System
463(1)
Circuit-Breakers
464(1)
Ground Fault Interrupters
464(1)
Smoke Detectors
465(1)
Codes
465(1)
Electroluminescence
466(1)
Commercial Control
466(1)
Review Questions
467(1)
Enrichment Questions
468(1)
Practical Exercises
468(1)
CHAPTER 37 Plumbing
469(14)
Objectives
469(1)
Key Terms
469(1)
Water Distribution
469(4)
Sewage Disposal
473(3)
Piping and Plumbing Plans
476(1)
Computer-Aided Plumbing Plans
476(1)
Future Trends
477(3)
Review Questions
480(2)
Enrichment Questions
482(1)
Practical Exercises
482(1)
CHAPTER 38 Heating and Air Conditioning
483(26)
Objectives
483(1)
Key Terms
483(1)
Heating
483(8)
Passive Systems
491(2)
Active Systems
493(8)
Air Conditioning
501(5)
Computer-Aided HVAC Plans
506(1)
Review Questions
507(1)
Enrichment Questions
507(1)
Practical Exercises
508(1)
CHAPTER 39 Energy Conservation
509(10)
Objectives
509(1)
Key Terms
509(1)
Heat Conservation
509(7)
Reducing Energy Waste
516(1)
Water Conservation
517(1)
Review Questions
517(1)
Enrichment Questions
518(1)
Practical Exercises
518(1)
CHAPTER 40 Energy Sources
519(9)
Objectives
519(1)
Key Terms
519(1)
Wood Energy
519(3)
Wind Energy
522(2)
Water Energy
524(1)
Review Questions
525(1)
Enrichment Questions
525(1)
Practical Exercises
525(3)
SECTION VII Presentation Drawing 528(60)
CHAPTER 41 Perspective
528(10)
Objectives
528(1)
Key Terms
528(1)
Three Types of Perspective
528(2)
Two-Point Perspective by the Common Method
530(4)
Direct Projection
534(1)
Perspective Grids
534(1)
Computer-Aided Perspectives
534(1)
Review Questions
535(1)
Enrichment Questions
536(1)
Practical Exercises
536(2)
CHAPTER 42 Shadows
538(7)
Objectives
538(1)
Key Terms
538(1)
Terminology
538(1)
Multiview Shadows
539(1)
Shadows in Perspective--Parallel Light Rays
539(4)
Shadows in Perspective-Oblique Light Rays
543(1)
Shadow Intensity
543(1)
Computer-Generated Shadows
544(1)
Review Questions
545(1)
Enrichment Questions
545(1)
Practical Exercises
545(1)
CHAPTER 43 Architectural Rendering
545(18)
Objectives
546(1)
Key Terms
546(1)
Types of Rendering
546(1)
Pencil Rendering
547(5)
Ink Rendering
552(2)
Marker Rendering
554(1)
Scratch Board
554(1)
Pressure-Sensitive Transfer
554(2)
Watercolor and Tempera Rendering
556(2)
Spray Rendering
558(2)
Photographic Rendering
560(1)
Computer-Produced Rendering
560(1)
Review Questions
561(1)
Enrichment Questions
561(1)
Practical Exercises
562(1)
CHAPTER 44 Entourage
563(9)
Objectives
563(1)
Key Terms
563(4)
Computer-Produced Entourage
567(3)
Review Questions
570(1)
Enrichment Questions
570(1)
Practical Exercises
571(1)
CHAPTER 45 Architectural Models
572(16)
Objectives
572(1)
Key Terms
572(1)
Types of Models
573(1)
Materials
573(3)
Base
576(1)
Walls
576(4)
Roofs
580(1)
Accessories
581(1)
Cutaway Models
582(1)
Review Questions
583(1)
Enrichment Questions
584(1)
Practical Exercises
585(3)
SECTION VIII Commercial Design/Drafting 588(93)
CHAPTER 46 Commercial Drafting
588(37)
Objectives
588(1)
Key Terms
588(1)
Design
588(2)
Drafting
590(19)
Construction
609(13)
Review Questions
622(1)
Enrichment Questions
622(1)
Practical Exercises
623(2)
CHAPTER 47 Design for Accessibility
625(12)
Objectives
625(1)
Key Terms
625(1)
Standards
625(1)
Compensating for Impaired Mobility
626(7)
Compensating for Impaired Sight
633(1)
Compensating for Impaired Hearing
634(1)
Computer-Aided Design for Accessibility
635(1)
International Symbol of Access
635(1)
Review Questions
635(1)
Enrichment Questions
636(1)
Practical Exercises
636(1)
CHAPTER 48 Design for Acoustics
637(12)
Objectives
637(1)
Key Terms
637(1)
Layout
637(1)
Sound Transmission
638(1)
Sound Reflection
639(6)
Sound Absorption
645(1)
Computer-Aided Design for Acoustics
646(1)
Amplification
646(1)
Sound Masking
647(1)
Review Questions
647(1)
Enrichment Questions
647(1)
Practical Exercises
648(1)
CHAPTER 49 Fire Protection
649(15)
Objectives
649(1)
Key Terms
649(1)
Building Codes
649(1)
Building Classifications
650(1)
One- and Two-Family Dwellings
650(1)
Assembly Buildings
651(10)
Computer-Aided Design for Fire Protection
661(1)
Review Questions
661(1)
Enrichment Questions
662(1)
Practical Exercises
663(1)
CHAPTER 50 The Construction Documents
664(17)
Objectives
664(1)
Key Terms
664(1)
I Index
664(1)
II Invitation to Bid
664(1)
III Instructions to Bidders
664(2)
IV Bid Form
666(1)
V Agreement
667(1)
VI Performance Bond
667(1)
VII Labor and Material Bond
667(1)
VIII Estimate of Payment Due
667(1)
IX General Conditions
667(4)
X Supplementary Conditions
671(1)
XI Specifications
671(5)
XII Working Drawings
676(1)
Addenda and Change Orders
677(1)
Construction Administration
677(3)
Review Questions
680(1)
Enrichment Questions
680(1)
Practical Exercises
680(1)
Appendices 681(45)
A Plans of a Two-Story Residence and a Solar A-Frame 681(12)
B Windows 693(7)
C Doors 700(3)
D Architectural Spelling 703(2)
E Abbreviations 705(6)
F Glossary of Architectural and Computer Terms 711(15)
Index 726

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