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Preface | p. xiii |
List of Abbreviations | p. xv |
List of Symbols | p. xvii |
Introduction | p. 1 |
Radiofrequency and Microwave Applications | p. 1 |
Frequency Bands | p. 2 |
Physical Phenomena in the High Frequency Domain | p. 4 |
Electrically Short Transmission Line | p. 4 |
Transmission Line with Length Greater than One-Tenth of Wavelength | p. 6 |
Radiation and Antennas | p. 7 |
Outline of the Following Chapters | p. 8 |
References | p. 9 |
Electromagnetic Fields and Waves | p. 11 |
Electric and Magnetic Fields | p. 11 |
Electrostatic Fields | p. 11 |
Steady Electric Current and Magnetic Fields | p. 18 |
Differential Vector Operations | p. 23 |
Maxwell's Equations | p. 24 |
Differential Form in the Time Domain | p. 25 |
Differential Form for Harmonic Time Dependence | p. 26 |
Integral Form | p. 27 |
Constitutive Relations and Material Properties | p. 29 |
Interface Conditions | p. 32 |
Classification of Electromagnetic Problems | p. 34 |
Static Fields | p. 34 |
Quasi-Static Fields | p. 34 |
Coupled Electromagnetic Fields | p. 35 |
Skin Effect | p. 36 |
Electromagnetic Waves | p. 39 |
Wave Equation and Plane Waves | p. 39 |
Polarization of Waves | p. 43 |
Reflection and Refraction | p. 46 |
Spherical Waves | p. 53 |
Summary | p. 55 |
Problems | p. 55 |
References | p. 57 |
Further Reading | p. 57 |
Transmission Line Theory and Transient Signals on Lines | p. 59 |
Transmission Line Theory | p. 59 |
Equivalent Circuit of a Line Segment | p. 59 |
Telegrapher's Equation | p. 61 |
Voltage and Current Waves on Transmission Lines | p. 63 |
Load-Terminated Transmission Line | p. 67 |
Input Impedance | p. 69 |
Loss-less Transmission Lines | p. 71 |
Low-loss Transmission Lines | p. 74 |
Transmission Line with Different Terminations | p. 75 |
Impedance Transformation with Loss-less Lines | p. 83 |
Reflection Coefficient | p. 84 |
Smith Chart | p. 87 |
Transient Signals on Transmission Lines | p. 91 |
Step Function | p. 91 |
Rectangular Function | p. 101 |
Eye Diagram | p. 102 |
Summary | p. 104 |
Problems | p. 106 |
References | p. 107 |
Further Reading | p. 107 |
Transmission Lines and Waveguides | p. 109 |
Overview | p. 109 |
Coaxial Line | p. 112 |
Specific Inductance and Characteristic Impedance | p. 112 |
Attenuation of Low-loss Transmission Lines | p. 115 |
Technical Frequency Range | p. 117 |
Areas of Application | p. 119 |
Microstrip Line | p. 119 |
Characteristic Impedance and Effective Permittivity | p. 119 |
Dispersion and Technical Frequency Range | p. 123 |
Areas of Application | p. 124 |
Stripline | p. 124 |
Characteristic Impedance | p. 124 |
Technical Frequency Range | p. 125 |
Coplanar Line | p. 126 |
Characteristic Impedance and Effective Permittivity | p. 127 |
Coplanar Waveguide over Ground | p. 128 |
Coplanar Waveguides and Air Bridges | p. 129 |
Technical Frequency Range | p. 130 |
Areas of Application | p. 130 |
Rectangular Waveguide | p. 130 |
Electromagnetic Waves between Electric Side Walls | p. 131 |
Dominant Mode (TE10) | p. 135 |
Higher Order Modes | p. 138 |
Areas of Application | p. 139 |
Excitation of Waveguide Modes | p. 140 |
Cavity Resonators | p. 141 |
Circular Waveguide | p. 143 |
Two-Wire Line | p. 147 |
Characteristic Impedance | p. 148 |
Areas of Application | p. 148 |
Three-Conductor Transmission Line | p. 149 |
Even and Odd Modes | p. 149 |
Characteristic Impedances and Propagation Constants | p. 152 |
Line Termination for Even and Odd Modes | p. 154 |
Problems | p. 154 |
References | p. 155 |
Scattering Parameters | p. 157 |
Multi-Port Network Representations | p. 157 |
Normalized Power Waves | p. 159 |
Scattering Parameters and Power | p. 161 |
S-Parameter Representation of Network Properties | p. 164 |
Matching | p. 164 |
Complex Conjugate Matching | p. 165 |
Reciprocity | p. 167 |
Symmetry | p. 168 |
Passive and Loss-less Circuits | p. 168 |
Unilateral Circuits | p. 169 |
Specific Characteristics of Three-Port Networks | p. 169 |
Calculation of S-Parameters | p. 170 |
Reflection Coefficients | p. 170 |
Transmission Coefficients | p. 170 |
Renormalization | p. 173 |
Signal Flow Method | p. 175 |
One-Port Network/Load Termination | p. 176 |
Source | p. 176 |
Two-Port Network | p. 176 |
Three-Port Network | p. 177 |
Four-Port Network | p. 178 |
S-Parameter Measurement | p. 181 |
Problems | p. 184 |
References | p. 186 |
Further Reading | p. 186 |
RF Components and Circuits | p. 187 |
Equivalent Circuits of Concentrated Passive Components | p. 187 |
Resistor | p. 187 |
Capacitor | p. 189 |
Inductor | p. 191 |
Transmission Line Resonator | p. 192 |
Half-Wave Resonator | p. 193 |
Quarter-Wave Resonator | p. 194 |
Impedance Matching | p. 196 |
LC-Networks | p. 196 |
Matching Using Distributed Elements | p. 199 |
Filter | p. 203 |
Classical LC-Filter Design | p. 203 |
Butterworth Filter | p. 205 |
Transmission Line Filter | p. 211 |
Edge-Coupled Line Filter | p. 212 |
Hairpin Filter | p. 212 |
Stepped Impedance Filter | p. 218 |
Parasitic Box Resonance | p. 219 |
Waveguide Filter | p. 220 |
Circulator | p. 222 |
Power Divider | p. 223 |
Wilkinson Power Divider | p. 223 |
Unequal Split Power Divider | p. 224 |
Branchline Coupler | p. 227 |
Conventional 3 dB Coupler | p. 227 |
Unequal Split Branchline Coupler | p. 229 |
Rat Race Coupler | p. 231 |
Directional Coupler | p. 231 |
Balanced-to-Unbalanced Circuits | p. 234 |
Electronic Circuits | p. 236 |
Mixers | p. 238 |
Amplifiers and Oscillators | p. 240 |
RF Design Software | p. 242 |
RF Circuit Simulators | p. 242 |
Problems | p. 246 |
References | p. 247 |
Further Reading | p. 248 |
Antennas | p. 249 |
Fundamental Parameters | p. 249 |
Nearfield and Farfield | p. 249 |
Isotropic Radiator | p. 252 |
Radiation Pattern and Related Parameters | p. 252 |
Impedance Matching and Bandwidth | p. 257 |
Standard Types of Antennas | p. 259 |
Mathematical Treatment of the Hertzian Dipole | p. 262 |
Wire Antennas | p. 266 |
Half-Wave Dipole | p. 266 |
Monopole | p. 268 |
Concepts for Reducing Antenna Height | p. 270 |
Planar Antennas | p. 271 |
Rectangular Patch Antenna | p. 272 |
Circularly Polarizing Patch Antennas | p. 278 |
Planar Dipole and Inverted-F Antenna | p. 280 |
Antenna Arrays | p. 280 |
Single Element Radiation Pattern and Array Factor | p. 280 |
Phased Array Antennas | p. 285 |
Beam Forming | p. 290 |
Modern Antenna Concepts | p. 293 |
Problems | p. 293 |
References | p. 294 |
Further Reading | p. 294 |
Radio Wave Propagation | p. 295 |
Propagation Mechanisms | p. 295 |
Reflection and Refraction | p. 295 |
Absorption | p. 296 |
Diffraction | p. 296 |
Scattering | p. 298 |
Doppler Effect | p. 300 |
Basic Propagation Models | p. 302 |
Free Space Loss | p. 302 |
Attenuation of Air | p. 305 |
Plane Earth Loss | p. 305 |
Point-to-Point Radio Links | p. 310 |
Layered Media | p. 312 |
Path Loss Models | p. 314 |
Multipath Environment | p. 314 |
Clutter Factor Model | p. 317 |
Okumura-Hata Model | p. 317 |
Physical Models and Numerical Methods | p. 319 |
Problems | p. 321 |
References | p. 321 |
Further Reading | p. 322 |
p. 323 | |
Coordinate Systems | p. 323 |
Cartesian Coordinate System | p. 323 |
Cylindrical Coordinate System | p. 324 |
Spherical Coordinate System | p. 325 |
Logarithmic Representation | p. 326 |
Dimensionless Quantities | p. 326 |
Relative and Absolute Ratios | p. 327 |
Link Budget | p. 328 |
Index | p. 331 |
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