The Rout of Parmenides

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  • Edition: Original
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-09-28
  • Publisher: Parmenides Pub
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This study of the fragments of Parmenides? poem, ?On Nature? (early 5th century b.c.e.), combines traditional philological reconstruction with the approaches of literary criticism and philosophical analysis to reveal the thought structure and expressive unity of the best preserved and most important, influential, and coherent text of Greek philosophy before Plato. Originally published in 1970 and widely cited and discussed since then in the literature on Parmenides and on the pre-Socratics, The Route of Parmenides has been out of print for nearly three decades. This new edition?the first in paperback?includes a new introduction, and it reprints three essays by the author that significantly enhance and extend the argument of the original edition. Also included is a previously unpublished essay by Gregory Vlastos, ?Names of Being in Parmenides,? which serves both as a complement and as a foil to the corresponding argument in Route. Combining the approaches of philosophical, philological, and literary analysis, Alexander Mourelatos examines the morphology of images and metaphors in the fragments of Parmenides? poem ?On Nature? with the aim of articulating and interpreting the poem?s key concepts and component arguments. Relevant antecedents and parallels from the tradition of epic poetry, especially of Homer?s Odyssey, are explored in depth. Apart from the contribution the book makes toward understanding Parmenides? thought, it offers philosophi- cally substantial analyses of the Greek concept of aletheia, ?truth, reality,? and of the thematically important cluster of Greek terms that center, respectively, on the concepts of ?persuasion? (peithein, pistis, peitho) and ?seeming/be- lief? (dokein, doxa).A new revised edition with a new introduction, three additional essays and a previously unpublished paper by Gregory Vlastos

Table of Contents

Returning to Elea: Preface and Afterword to The Revised and Expanded Edition (2008)p. xi
The Route of Parmenides: A Study of Word, Image, and Argument in the Fragments
Use of Greek and Treatment of Philological and Specialized Topicsp. liii
Abbreviations Used in Part Ip. lvii
Epic Formp. 1
Parmenides' Hexameterp. 2
Compositionp. 2
Vocabularyp. 4
Epic Phraseologyp. 6
"Motif" vs. "Theme": A Distinctionp. 11
Some Epic Motifs in Parmenidesp. 12
The Relevance of Mythological Themesp. 14
The-Journey as a Motifp. 16
The-Journey in the Odysseyp. 17
The-Journey in Parmenidesp. 21
The Theme of Fate-Constraintp. 25
Unity of Motifsp. 29
The Meaning of [characters not reproducible]p. 30
"Motif" vs. "Theme": Relevance of the Odysseyp. 31
Parmenides as a Poetp. 34
The Uses of Metaphorp. 37
Parmenides' Use of the Epic Frameworkp. 39
The Relevance of Traditions Other than Epicp. 41
The Religious Elementp. 44
Parmenides' Choice of the Epic Mediump. 45
Cognitive Quest and the Routep. 47
The Veridical Use of "Is"p. 48
The Adverbial Constructionp. 49
[characters not reproducible] as a Sentence Framep. 51
"Speculative" Predicationp. 56
Availability of the Speculative "Is"p. 60
The Concept of [characters not reproducible] in Parmenidesp. 62
The Concept of [characters not reproducible]p. 63
The "Quest" for Realityp. 67
[characters not reproducible] and the Quest for Realityp. 68
"How It Is"p. 70
Modality of the Routesp. 71
The Vagueness of What-Is-Notp. 74
The Rejection of "What-Is-Not": A Literary Analysisp. 75
The Rejection of "What-Is-Not": A Logical Analysisp. 78
The Crux of B8.54: Translationp. 80
B9.4: Translationp. 85
B8.54: Interpretationp. 86
Parallelsp. 87
The Decisionp. 89
Structure of the Argument in "Truth"p. 90
Signpostsp. 94
Program and Proofsp. 95
The First Proof: "Ungenerable"p. 96
First Stage: No Birthp. 98
Second Stage: No Accretionp. 100
Third Stage: No Coming-To-Bep. 102
The [characters not reproducible] as Tenselessp. 103
Parmenides' Awareness of Tenselessnessp. 105
Is the [characters not reproducible] a Timeless Entity?p. 107
An Underlying Puzzlep. 108
Scope of the Argumentp. 110
Second Proof: "Indivisible"p. 111
The Bounds of Realityp. 115
Third Proof: "Immobile"p. 115
Locomotion as Egressp. 117
Scope of the Argumentp. 119
The Final Proofp. 120
"Complete": First Phasep. 122
"Complete": Second Phasep. 123
The Real as Perspectivally Neutralp. 129
Parmenides' Monismp. 130
Overview of the Argument in "Truth"p. 134
Persuasion and Fidelityp. 136
[characters not reproducible] and Cognates Generallyp. 136
The Concept [characters not reproducible]p. 141
The Logic of [characters not reproducible], etc.: A Diagramp. 142
The Relationship of [characters not reproducible]: Eumenides 794ff.p. 144
[characters not reproducible] in Parmenidesp. 146
The Mighty Hold of Fidelityp. 148
Justice, Persuasion, and the Realp. 151
"Persuasive/Compliant Truth"p. 154
The "Course of Persuasion"p. 158
Constraint-Fate-Justice-Persuasionp. 160
Beliefp. 163
Mind's Commitment to Realityp. 164
B8.34: Questions of Contextp. 165
A Translationp. 166
Permission and Necessity in B8.34p. 167
The Double Importp. 169
The Meaning of [characters not reproducible]p. 170
B8.34-38: Interpretationp. 173
Normative Necessityp. 175
A Modern Parallel: Logical Atomismp. 177
Ancient Parallels: Plato, Heraclitusp. 178
Overview of the Argumentp. 180
B8.38 ff.: The Reading [characters not reproducible]p. 180
Cornford's Fragmentp. 185
The Parallel with Empedocles B8-9p. 188
B8.38 and Speculative Predicationp. 190
Thought "about" Realityp. 191
Doxa as Acceptancep. 194
"Appearance" or "Opinion"?p. 195
"Acceptance"p. 197
[characters not reproducible] and [characters not reproducible]p. 201
The [characters not reproducible]- Words in B1.30-32p. 203
The Sense of [characters not reproducible]p. 205
B1.31-32: Initial Translationp. 210
The Second Half of B1.32p. 212
B1.31-32: Philosophical Significancep. 216
The "Doxa" as a Frameworkp. 219
Deceptive Wordsp. 222
An Illustration: B14p. 224
The Goddess and Her Double Audiencep. 225
B8.53 and 8.60p. 228
The Record of Contrastsp. 231
The Oxymorap. 235
Ambiguity in the Contrariesp. 241
B10: The Ambiguity of [characters not reproducible]p. 246
Ambiguity in the Basic Concepts of "Doxa"p. 247
B16: "Wandering" and "Fullness"p. 253
"Doxa" as a Study in Deceptionp. 259
Poetry and the Speculative Use of Ambiguityp. 260
Parmenides' Hexameterp. 264
Interpretations of the Subjectless [characters not reproducible]p. 269
The Meaning of [characters not reproducible] and Cognatesp. 277
Text of the Fragmentsp. 279
Supplementary List of Works Cited in Part Ip. 285
Three Supplemental Essays
Abbreviations used in Part IIp. 297
Heraclitus, Parmenides, and the Naive Metaphysics of Thingsp. 299
A World Merely of Thingsp. 300
Characters-Powers, Quality-Things, Oppositesp. 306
Hesiod and Anaximanderp. 314
The Anti-Realism of Heraclitusp. 317
Parmenides: Extreme Realistp. 324
Beyond Heraclitus and Parmenidesp. 331
Determinacy and Indeterminacy, Being and Non-Being in the Fragments of Parmenidesp. 333
Some Alternatives in Interpreting Parmenidesp. 350
The Scope of Naming: Gregory Vlastos (1907-1991) on B8.38 and Related Issues (Essay Not Previously Published)
"Names" of Being in Parmenidesp. 367
Indexes to Parts I-IIIp. 391
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