Rural Communities

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-07-31
  • Publisher: Westview Pr

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Rural Communities: Legacy and Changeexamines the diversity of rural America: its unique communities, histories, and social issues. It also considers how rural communities use their increasing connectedness to creatively address modern challenges in the face of increasing globalization and climate change. Focusing on various capitals in rural areas-natural, cultural, human, social, political, financial, and built-this book provides students with an essential framework for understanding rural society based on the concepts of social science. Rural Communitiescovers vital issues such as racial and cultural diversity in rural areas; globalization and increasing tensions over international immigration; the impact of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan; the central role of communities in organizing a sustainable future; and building community in the context of ubiquitous change. Updates to the fourth edition include new coverage of local food movements, climate change, and the impacts of the global financial crisis.

Author Biography

Cornelia Butler Flora is Charles F. Curtis Distinguished Professor of Sociology and Agriculture and Life Sciences at Iowa State University. Jan L. Flora is an extension sociologist and professor of sociology at Iowa State University.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsp. vii
Preface to the Fourth Editionp. ix
Components of Rural Community Community Capitals
Community Capitals and the Rural Landscapep. 1
The Rural Landscapep. 1
Defining Ruralp. 4
Defining Communityp. 8
Rural Communities and Changep. 13
Market, State, and Civil Societyp. 14
About This Bookp. 21
Chapter Summaryp. 24
Key Termsp. 25
Referencesp. 26
Natural Capitalp. 27
Land Usep. 29
Water Concernsp. 34
Importance of Biodiversityp. 44
Climate Changep. 46
Chapter Summaryp. 49
Key Termsp. 50
Referencesp. 51
Cultural Capital and Legacyp. 53
What Is Legacy?p. 55
Conflicting Cultural Capitals and Cultural Dominationp. 57
Social Class, Stratification, and Dominationp. 60
Legacy and the Familyp. 64
Transmitting Legacy through the Communityp. 71
Impact of Gender, Race, and Ethnicityp. 74
Inequality: Whose Legacy?p. 78
Chapter Summaryp. 79
Key Termsp. 80
Referencesp. 81
Human Capitalp. 83
What Is Human Capital?p. 84
Human Capital as Labor Forcep. 89
Building Human Capitalp. 96
Chapter Summaryp. 109
Key Termsp. 110
Referencesp. 111
Social Capital and Communityp. 115
What Is Social Capital?p. 118
Bonding and Bridging Social Capital: Homogeneity or Inclusion?p. 125
Entrepreneurial Social Infrastructurep. 132
Conclusionsp. 138
Chapter Summaryp. 139
Key Termsp. 140
Referencesp. 141
Political Capitalp. 143
Political Capitalp. 144
Power and Economic Interestsp. 153
Power Structure and Community Changep. 164
Understanding Power Structure and Increasing the Political Capital of Excluded Groupsp. 166
Who Gains?p. 168
Chapter Summaryp. 169
Key Termsp. 170
Referencesp. 171
Financial Capitalp. 173
The Concept of Financial Capitalp. 175
Financial Capital and Community Needsp. 184
Sources of Capitalp. 189
The Changing Rules of Financial Capitalp. 195
Business Financial Capital and Communityp. 198
Chapter Summaryp. 205
Key Termsp. 206
Referencesp. 208
Built Capitalp. 211
Defining Built Capitalp. 212
Public Versus Private Provision of Built Capitalp. 217
Community Choicesp. 220
Federal, State, and Local Roles: Making Linkagesp. 235
Motivation to Actp. 241
Chapter Summaryp. 241
Key Termsp. 242
Referencesp. 243
The Transformation of Community Capitals in a Changing World
Consumption in Rural Americap. 245
Why Is Consumption Important?p. 247
Consolidationp. 251
Changes in the Labor Forcep. 262
Targeted Advertising and Segmented Marketsp. 264
Impacts of Increased Consumptionp. 269
Chapter Summaryp. 287
Key Termsp. 288
Referencesp. 288
The Global Economyp. 291
Altering Globalization: The Growing Importance of Financial Capitalp. 297
Rural Linkages to a World Economyp. 309
Opportunities and Risks: Rural Areas in the Global Economyp. 324
Chapter Summaryp. 330
Key Termsp. 332
Referencesp. 333
Governancep. 337
What Is Governance?p. 339
Organization and Functions of Local Governmentsp. 341
Challenges Faced by Local Governmentsp. 344
Providing Public Services: An Example of Collaborationp. 350
Sustained Citizen Engagementp. 353
Leveraging Regional Resourcesp. 354
Chapter Summaryp. 357
Key Termsp. 358
Referencesp. 358
Mobilizing Community Capitals for Social Change
Generating Community Changep. 361
Community and Developmentp. 364
Models of Community Developmentp. 365
Factors in Effective Changep. 382
Approaches to Economic Developmentp. 387
Chapter Summaryp. 390
Key Termsp. 391
Referencesp. 392
Appendixp. 395
Indexp. 399
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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