Russia and the Soviet Union

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-07-28
  • Publisher: Westview Pr

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This lucid account of Russian and Soviet history presents major trends and events from ancient Kievan Rus' to Vladimir Putin's presidency of the twenty-first century. Now thoroughly revised and updated,Russia and the Soviet Uniondoes not shy away from controversial topics, including the impact of the Mongol conquest, the paradoxes of Peter the Great, the "inevitability" of the 1917 Revolution, the Stalinist terror, and the Gorbachev reform effort. The sixth edition includes a new chapter on Vladimir Putin, additional treatment of social and foreign policy issues, and an updated chapter on post-Soviet Russia and the Yeltsin era. Distinguished by its brevity and amply supplemented with useful maps, illustrations, photos, and suggested readings, this essential text provides balanced coverage of all periods of Russian history and incorporates economic, social, and cultural developments as well as politics and foreign policy. Contents 1. Ancient Russia and the Kievan State 2. Russia Divided and Conquered, 10541462 3. Moscow and "the Gathering of the Russian Lands," 13281533 4. Ivan the Terrible and the Time of Troubles, 15331618 5. The Molding of Russian Society, 16131689 6. Peter the Great and Westernization, 16891725 7. Change and Continuity, 17251801 8. Power, Backwardness, and Creativity, 18011855 9. Reform, Reaction, and Modernization, 18551904 10. Revolution, Reform, and War, 19041917 11. Revolution, Civil War, and the Founding of Soviet Society, 19171928 12. The Second Revolution, the Stalinist System, and World War II, 19281946 13. The Soviet Union as a Superpower: Change, Stagnation, and "Cold War," 19461984 14. The Gorbachev "Revolution" and the Collapse of the Soviet Union, 19831991 15. The "New" Russia in the Post-Soviet Era 19912000 16. Putin's Paradoxes

Author Biography

John M. Thompson taught history at Indiana University for seventeen years and was a distinguieshed visiting professor at the U.S. Air Force Adcademy and the Air War College. He is currently teaching Russian and world history at Midcoast Senior College in Maine.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Preface to the First Editionp. xiii
Ancient Russia and the Kievan Statep. 1
The Russian Landp. 1
The Peoples of Russiap. 6
The Slavs Come to Russiap. 9
The Formation of the Kievan Statep. 11
How Did Kievan Russians Make a Living?p. 13
Kievan Societyp. 16
Religion and Culture in Kievan Russiap. 18
Power and Politics in Kievan Russiap. 22
The Fall and Significance of Kievan Russiap. 24
Further Readingp. 26
Russia Divided and Conquered, 1054-1462p. 29
Russia Dividedp. 30
The Mongol Scourgep. 34
The Impact of the Mongolsp. 38
The Decline of Mongol Powerp. 43
Conclusionp. 44
Further Readingp. 45
Moscow and the "Gathering of the Russian Lands," 1328-1533p. 47
The Odds Against Moscowp. 48
Moscow's Advantagesp. 49
The Unification of Russia, 1328-1533p. 56
Conclusionp. 64
Further Readingp. 65
Ivan the Terrible and the Time of Troubles, 1533-1618p. 67
The Personality and Character of Ivan the Terriblep. 68
The Reforms of Ivan IVp. 70
Ivan Versus the Aristocracyp. 72
The Time of Troubles, 1598-1613p. 77
Conclusionp. 83
Further Readingp. 84
The Molding of Russian Society, 1613-1689p. 87
Serfdomp. 89
The Autocracyp. 93
The Orthodox Churchp. 96
The Expansion of Russiap. 99
Relations with the Westp. 103
Conclusionp. 104
Further Readingp. 105
Peter the Great and Westernization, 1689-1725p. 107
Peter's Coming of Agep. 109
Peter's Personality and Characterp. 110
Peter in War and Diplomacyp. 112
Peter's Reformsp. 115
Resistance to Peterp. 120
Significance of Peter the Greatp. 121
Further Readingp. 123
Change and Continuity, 1725-1801p. 125
Peter's Successors, 1725-1762p. 128
Catherine the Great, 1762-1796p. 130
Russian Expansion and Colonizationp. 135
Economic and Social Developmentp. 138
The Changing Role of the Nobilityp. 140
Education and Culturep. 142
The Reign of Paul I, 1796-1801p. 144
Conclusionp. 146
Further Readingp. 147
Power, Backwardness, and Creativity, 1801-1855p. 149
The Serf Economyp. 151
Russia Unchangedp. 154
Creativity and Dissentp. 159
Russia: Arbiter of Europe, Colonizer of Asia and Americap. 162
Conclusionp. 166
Further Readingp. 167
Reform, Reaction, and Modernization, 1855-1904p. 169
The Era of the Great Reforms, 1855-1881p. 171
Terror and Reactionp. 175
Economic and Social Modernization, 1861-1905p. 179
Competing Ideologiesp. 184
Conclusionp. 190
Further Readingp. 191
Revolution, Reform, and War, 1904-1917p. 193
The Revolution of 1905p. 195
The Duma Period, 1906-1914p. 200
The Silver Age: Russian Culture, 1890-1917p. 205
Russian Involvement in World War I, 1914-1917p. 208
Conclusionp. 210
Further Readingp. 213
Revolution, Civil War, and the Founding of Soviet Society, 1917-1928p. 215
The February Revolution: The Collapse of the Tsarist Systemp. 216
The Bolsheviks Come to Powerp. 222
Civil War and Foreign Intervention, 1918-1921p. 227
The New Economic Policy and Coexistence, 1921-1928p. 233
The Struggle for Powerp. 236
Conclusionp. 239
Further Readingp. 240
The Second Revolution, the Stalinist System, and World War II, 1928-1946p. 243
The Revolution from Above: Industrialization and Collectivizationp. 244
The Stalinist Systemp. 252
Soviet Culture, 1917-1953p. 257
Stalin and the World, 1928-1946p. 258
Conclusionp. 266
Further Readingp. 267
The Soviet Union as a Superpower: Change, Stagnation, and "Cold War," 1946-1984p. 269
Reconstruction and Renewed Stalinismp. 270
The Cold Warp. 271
Ideological Rigidity and Repressionp. 278
The Succession to Stalin and the Rise of Khrushchevp. 279
Peaceful Coexistence and Troubles in Eastern Europep. 284
Origins of the Sino-Soviet Splitp. 287
Ups and Downs in Soviet-Western Relationsp. 289
Khrushchev: Reformer or Repairman?p. 291
Bureaucratic Stability Under Brezhnev and His Successorsp. 294
Detente and Its Erosionp. 297
The Changing Soviet Societyp. 302
Conclusionp. 305
Further Readingp. 306
The Gorbachev "Revolution" and the Collapse of the Soviet Union, 1983-1991p. 307
The Origins of the Gorbachev Reformsp. 308
Efforts to Rejuvenate the Economyp. 312
"New Thinking" in Foreign Policyp. 315
Glasnost'p. 319
Democratizationp. 322
Gorbachev's Downfallp. 324
The Attempted Coup of August 1991p. 328
Conclusionp. 330
Further Readingp. 332
The "New" Russia in the Post-Soviet ERA, 1991-2000p. 335
The Quadruple Revolutionp. 336
On the High Road to Capitalismp. 338
What Is a "Normal" Life?p. 341
The Rocky Road to Democracyp. 347
Russia, Its Neighbors, and the Worldp. 355
Conclusionp. 361
Further Readingp. 362
Putin's Paradoxes, 2000-2008p. 363
The Meteoric Rise of Vladimir Putinp. 364
Good Timesp. 367
Now, the Bad Newsp. 368
Consumerismp. 372
Nationalismp. 373
Crisesp. 374
"Sovereign Democracy"p. 374
Electionsp. 376
The Challenge of Chechnyap. 379
Putin's Assertive Foreign Policyp. 381
Russia and Its Neighborsp. 383
Russia and the European Unionp. 386
Conclusionp. 388
Further Readingp. 389
Notesp. 391
Indexp. 395
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