Sacred Ecology

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-03-19
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Sacred Ecologyexamines bodies of knowledge held by indigenous and other rural peoples around the world, and asks how we can learn from this knowledge and ways of knowing. Berkes explores the importance of local and indigenous knowledge as a complement to scientific ecology, and its cultural and political significance for indigenous groups themselves. This third edition further develops the point that traditional knowledge as process, rather than as content, is what we should be examining. It has been updated with about 150 new references, and includes an extensive list of web resources through which instructors can access additional material and further illustrate many of the topics and themes in the book. .

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsp. ix
Preface to the First Editionp. xiii
Preface to the Second Editionp. xix
Preface to the Third Editionp. xxiii
Context of Traditional Ecological Knowledgep. 1
Defining Traditional Ecological Knowledgep. 3
Traditional Ecological Knowledge as Sciencep. 10
Differences: Philosophical or Political?p. 12
Knowledge-Practice-Belief: A Framework for Analysisp. 17
Objectives and Overview of the Volumep. 19
Emergence of the Fieldp. 21
Evolution and Differentiation of the Literaturep. 22
Growth of Ecosystem-based Knowledgep. 27
Cultural and Political Significance for Indigenous Peoplesp. 31
Questions of Ownership and Intellectual Property Rightsp. 36
Practical Significance as Common Heritage of Humankindp. 38
Intellectual Roots of Traditional Ecological Knowledgep. 53
Ethnobiology and Biosystematics: A Good Fitp. 54
More on Linguistics and Methodology: How to Get the Information Rightp. 57
Exaggeration and Ethnoscience: The Eskimo Snow Hoax?p. 63
Human Ecology and Territorialityp. 66
Integration of Social Systems and Natural Systems: Importance of Worldviewsp. 71
Traditional Knowledge Systems in Practicep. 77
Tropical Forests: Not Amenable to Management?p. 79
Semi-arid Areas: Keeping the Land Productivep. 84
Traditional Uses of Firep. 87
Island Ecosystems-Personal Ecosystemsp. 93
Coastal Lagoons and Wetlandsp. 97
Conclusionsp. 101
Cree Worldview "From the Inside"p. 105
Animals Control the Huntp. 107
Obligations of Hunters to Show Respectp. 111
Importance of Continued Use for Sustainabilityp. 117
Conclusionsp. 119
A Story of Caribou and Social Learningp. 125
"No One Knows the Way of the Winds and the Caribou"p. 127
Cree Knowledge of Caribou in Contextp. 130
Caribou Return to the Land of the Chisasibi Creep. 135
A Gathering of the Huntersp. 138
Lessons for the Development of a Conservation Ethicp. 141
Lessons for Management Policy and Monitoringp. 143
Cree Fishing Practices as Adaptive Managementp. 147
The Chisasibi Cree System of Fishingp. 149
Subarctic Ecosystems: Scientific Understanding and Cree Practicep. 155
Three Cree Practices: Reading Environmental Signals for Managementp. 157
A Computer Experiment on Cree Practice and Fish Population Resiliencep. 160
Traditional Knowledge Systems as Adaptive Managementp. 165
Lessons from Fisher Knowledgep. 167
Climate Change and Indigenous Ways of Knowingp. 171
Indigenous Ways of Knowing and New Models of Community-based Researchp. 173
Inuit Observations of Climate Change Projectp. 176
A Convergence of Findingsp. 182
Significance of Local Observations and Place-based Researchp. 186
Indigenous Knowledge and Adaptationp. 188
Conclusionsp. 190
Complex Systems, Holism, and Fuzzy Logicp. 193
Rules-of-thumb: Cutting Complexity Down to Sizep. 194
Community-based Monitoring and Environmental Changep. 198
Complex Systems Thinkingp. 202
Local Knowledge and Expert Systemsp. 205
A Fuzzy Logic Analysis of Indigenous Knowledgep. 209,
Conclusionsp. 213
How Local Knowledge Develops: Cases from the West Indiesp. 217
A Framework for Development of Local and Traditional Knowledgep. 218
Mangrove Conservation and Charcoal Makersp. 222
Dominican Sawyers: Developing Private Stewardshipp. 225
Cultivating Sea Moss in St. Luciap. 228
Rehabilitating Edible Sea Urchin Resourcesp. 230
Lessons from the Caribbean Casesp. 232
Knowledge Development and Institutionsp. 234
Challenges for Indigenous Knowledgep. 239
Limitations of Indigenous Knowledge and the Exotic Otherp. 241
Invaders and Natives: A Historical Perspectivep. 242
Indigenous Peoples as Conservationists?p. 246
"Wilderness" and a Universal Concept of Conservationp. 249
Adapting Traditional Systems to the Modern Contextp. 253
Traditional Systems for Building Livelihoods in a Globalized Economyp. 256
Toward an Evolutionary Theory of Traditional Knowledgep. 261
Toward a Unity of Mind and Naturep. 265
Political Ecology of Indigenous Knowledgep. 268
Indigenous Knowledge and Empowermentp. 271
Indigenous Knowledge as Challenge to the Positivist Reductionist Paradigmp. 276
Making Scientific Sense of Indigenous Knowledgep. 279
Learning from Traditional Knowledgep. 283
Referencesp. 289
Web Links and Teaching Tipsp. 321
Indexp. 355
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