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9781119374817

The Science of Health Disparities Research

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  • ISBN13:

    9781119374817

  • ISBN10:

    1119374812

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2021-03-23
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

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Summary

Integrates the various disciplines of the science of health disparities in one comprehensive volume

The Science of Health Disparities Research is an indispensable source of up-to-date information on clinical and translational health disparities science. Building upon the advances in health disparities research over the past decade, this authoritative volume informs policies and practices addressing the diseases, disorders, and gaps in health outcomes that are more prevalent in minority populations and socially disadvantaged communities. Contributions by recognized scholars and leaders in the field—featuring contemporary research, conceptual models, and a broad range of scientific perspectives—provide an interdisciplinary approach to reducing inequalities in population health, encouraging community engagement in the research process, and promoting social justice.

In-depth chapters help readers better understand the specifics of minority health and health disparities while demonstrating the importance of advancing theory, refining measurement, improving investigative methods, and diversifying scientific research. In 26 chapters, the book examines topics including the etiology of health disparities research, the determinants of population health, research ethics, and research in African American, Asians, Latino, American Indian, and other vulnerable populations. Providing a unified framework on the principles and applications of the science of health disparities research, this important volume:

  • Defines the field of health disparities science and suggests new directions in scholarship and research
  • Explains basic definitions, principles, and concepts for identifying, understanding and addressing health disparities
  • Provides guidance on both conducting health disparities research and translating the results
  • Examines how social, historical and contemporary injustices may influence the health of racial and ethnic minorities
  • Illustrates the increasing national and global importance of addressing health disparities
  • Discusses population health training, capacity-building, and the transdisciplinary tools needed to advance health equity

A significant contribution to the field, The Science of Health Disparities Research is an essential resource for students and basic and clinical researchers in genetics, population genetics, and public health, health care policymakers, and epidemiologists, medical students, and clinicians, particularly those working with minority, vulnerable, or underserved populations.

Author Biography

Eliseo J. Pérez-Stable, MD, Director, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health. 

Irene Dankwa-Mullan, MD, MPH, Chief Health Equity Officer at IBM Watson Health and formerly Deputy Director, Division of Scientific Programs, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health. 

Kevin Gardner, MD, PhD, Professor, Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University and formerly Acting Scientific Director, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health.

Xinzhi Zhang, MD, PhD, FACE, FRSM, Program Director, Division of Clinical Innovation, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences and formerly Program Director, Division of Scientific Programs, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health. 

Adelaida M. Rosario, PhD, Office of the Surgeon General, United States Public Health Service and formerly Program Officer, Division of Scientific Programs, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health.  

Table of Contents

PART I: Fundamental Principles and Concepts in Health Disparities Research

CHAPTER 1: Basic definitions, principles and concepts for identifying, understanding and addressing health disparities.

PART II: Etiology of Health Disparities: Conceptual Models and Frameworks

CHAPTER 2: Lifecourse models, causal frameworks and underlying theories associated with Health Disparities

PART III: Determinants of Population Health and Health Disparities

CHAPTER 3: Biological Determinants

CHAPTER 4: Behavioral Determinants

CHAPTER 5: Social Determinants

CHAPTER 6: Culture and Health Disparities Research

CHAPTER 7: Environmental Health and Disparities

PART IV: Methods, Measures and Approaches to Conducting Health Disparities research

CHAPTER 8: Measurements in Health Disparities Research

CHAPTER 9: Systems Science Methods

CHAPTER 10: Community-Based Participatory Research Methodology and Approaches

CHAPTER 11: Causal Inference and Health Disparities Research

PART V: Population-Based Intervention Science

CHAPTER 12: The chapters will focus on the following topics: Interventions using population science theories; Health promotion and prevention; Place-based interventions and multi-level interventions; Interventions addressing co-morbidity with chronic disease and conditions; Implementation Science

PART VI: Research in Socially Disadvantaged and Vulnerable Populations

CHAPTER 13: African American Populations

CHAPTER 14: Hispanic Populations

CHAPTER 15: Asian American Populations

CHAPTER 16: Alaska Native Populations

CHAPTER 17: American Indian populations

CHAPTER 18: Native Hawaiian

CHAPTER 19: Pacific Islander Populations

CHAPTER 20: Poor and Low Socioeconomic Status Disadvantaged Populations

CHAPTER 21: Rural populations

CHAPTER 22: Child and Adolescent Health and Disparities

CHAPTER 23: Persons with Disability

CHAPTER 24: Sexual and Gender Minority Health; LGBT Health

CHAPTER 25: Immigrant Health

PART VII: Healthcare Disparities

CHAPTER 26: Unconscious Bias

CHAPTER 27: Cross Cultural Competency in healthcare

CHAPTER 28: Health Literacy

CHAPTER 29: Precision Medicine and Implications for Health Disparities Research

CHAPTER 30: Health Economics and Health policy

PART VIII: Health Disparities Research in Selected Diseases and Conditions

CHAPTER 31: Heart disease

CHAPTER 32: Cancer

CHAPTER 33: Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases)

CHAPTER 34: Diabetes

CHAPTER 35: Obesity Research

CHAPTER 36: Kidney Disease

CHAPTER 37: Mental Health

CHAPTER 38: Oral Health

CHAPTER 39: Alzheimer’s and related Dementia disorders

CHAPTER 40: Aging and Health

Part IX: Bioethics and Clinical Trials

CHAPTER 41: Inclusion and Diversity in Clinical Trials and Bioethical considerations in Health Disparities Research

Part X: Training and Infrastructure Needs

CHAPTER 42: This chapter will describe important population health training and capacity-building, as well as the transdisciplinary and team science tools needed for addressing health disparities research.

Part XI: Translational Health Disparities Research

CHAPTER 43: This chapter will describe the research and translation to inform policy and practice

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