Scipio Africanus : Rome's Greatest General

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-07-01
  • Publisher: Potomac Books Inc
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The world often misunderstands its greatest men while neglecting others entirely. Scipio Africanus, surely the greatest general that Rome produced, suffered both these fates. Today scholars celebrate the importance of Hannibal, even though Scipio defeated the legendary general in the Second Punic War and was the central military figure of his time. In this scholarly and heretofore unmatched military biography of the distinguished Roman soldier, Richard A. Gabriel establishes Scipio's rightful place in military history as the greater of the two generals. Before Scipio, few Romans would have dreamed of empire, and Scipio himself would have regarded such an ambition as a danger to his beloved republic. And yet, paradoxically, Scipio's victories in Spain and Africa enabled Rome to consolidate its hold over Italy and become the dominant power in the western Mediterranean, virtually ensuring a later confrontation with the Greco-Macedonian kingdoms to the east as well as the empire's expansion into North Africa and the Levant. The Roman imperium was being born, and it was Scipio who had sired it. Gabriel draws upon ancient texts, including those from Livy, Polybius, Diodorus, Silius Italicus, and others, as primary sources and examines all additional material available to the modern scholar in French, German, English, and Italian. His book offers a complete bibliography of all extant sources regarding Scipio's life. The result is a rich, detailed, and contextual treatment of the life and career of Scipio Africanus, one of Rome's greatest generals, if not the greatest of them all.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
The Manp. 1
Baptism by Firep. 7
Cannaep. 10
Public Officep. 14
Selection for Commandp. 15
Military Competencyp. 18
The Strategic Settingp. 25
Carthaginian Strategyp. 28
The Battle of the Trebia River, 218 BCEp. 36
The Battle of Lake Trasimene, 217 BCEp. 39
The Battle of Cannae, 216 BCEp. 43
Spainp. 51
The Armiesp. 55
The Carthaginian Armyp. 55
The Roman Armyp. 64
Scipio's Spanish Campaignp. 83
The Attack on New Carthage, 209 BCEp. 85
The Battle of Baecula, 208 BCEp. 102
The Battle of Ilipa, 206 BCEp. 115
The Strategistp. 125
Africap. 126
Spainp. 129
The Battle of the Ebro River, 206 BCEp. 134
Return to Romep. 139
The African Campaignp. 143
Invasion, 204 BCEp. 144
The Battle at the Tower of Agathocles, 204 BCEp. 157
The Burning of the Carthaginian Camps, 203 BCEp. 163
The Battle of the Great Plains, 203 BCEp. 166
Syphax's Defeatp. 172
Trucep. 174
Scipio and Hannibalp. 175
The Battle of Zama, 202 BCEp. 183
Pax Scipionisp. 198
Triumph and Fallp. 203
Scipio's Political Lifep. 203
The Last Campaignp. 215
The Trial of Scipiop. 228
Scipio's Place in Military Historyp. 235
Notesp. 245
Bibliographyp. 281
Indexp. 291
About the Authorp. 303
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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