9781137276131

Security, Democracy and War Crimes Security Sector Transformation in Serbia

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781137276131

  • ISBN10:

    1137276134

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2013-10-23
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

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Summary

This book examines how the war crime legacy resulting from the Yugoslav war of the 1990s on political and military transformation in Serbia was an impediment to security reform, democratization and the achievement of Western standards in the Belgrade armed forces.

Using original empirical research, it traces the processes of restructuring, civilianisation, legal framework and democratic control and security policy communities, in relation to reforming the Serbian military. Crucially, the book focuses on the war crimes legacy from the 1990s, not as a matter of international conditionality, but as a key factor obstructing successful reform. This book, for the first time, examines the networks linked to security, intelligence and military agencies that protected war crimes suspects, such as General Ratko Mladic, delaying democratic control of the armed forces. Only when that network was broken, could the process of democratization begin to be complete.

This unique book linking war crimes and security sector reform will appeal to scholars working on Serbia/former Yugoslavia, law and conflict, security and development, civil-military relations and Central and Eastern European politics.




Author Biography

James Gow is Professor of International Peace and Security and Co-Director of the War Crimes Research Group, King's College London, UK. He has served as an expert advisor to the UK Secretary of State for Defence and the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.

Ivan Zveržhanovski is Chief Coordinator, South East Europe Small Arms Control, UNDP, Belgrade. He was previously a Research Associate and Lecturer in War Studies, King's College London, UK and a Research Associate at the Institute for Comparative Law, Belgrade.

Table of Contents

Preface

List Of Acronyms And Abbreviations

1. State, Society And The Military
Democracy And The Transformation Of Civil-Military Relations
Nomenclature
The Book

2. Civil-Military Relations From the Break-Up Of Yugoslavia to the
Fall Of Miloševic
Transition From Communism: Politics And The State
The Military In Communist Yugoslavia
Civil-Military Relations from the Kosovo Campaign to the Fall of Miloševic

3. De-Politicisation And Transition Delayed
Understanding De-Politicisation
De-Politicising The Armed Forces
Failure No1: 'For The Sake Of Stability' – Keeping Pavkovic as Chief of Staff
Failure No2: the Perišic Scandal and the Return of Kos
The Army's Slow Withdrawal From Politics

4. Restructuring: Civilianising Defence Policy Making And Military Reform
Civilianising Defence Policy-Making
The Powerless Ministry
The Minister and His Civilian Advisers
NGOs and Policy-Making: Davinic, The Atlantic Council, The G17+ And Defence Reform
Back To The Generals?
Military Reform 2000-2006
Deciding Of Roles, Elaborating New Policies
Reorganising the Military: Changes to Force Structure
Military Reform And Funding Problems
Human Resources Issues: Conscription, Personnel Policy And Redundancies
Control Of The Military-Industrial Complex

5. Rules: The Legal and Institutional Framework for Democratic Control
The Constitutional Framework
The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Defence
Democratic Control of the Military and the Constitutional Charter
The Legal Framework: Laws on Defence and the Army
Procedures: Statutes, By-Laws And Other Decisions – Replacing Legislation?

6. Effective Management Of Defence Policy: The Role Of Democratic Security Policy Communities
The Supreme Defence Council and Defence Policy Management
The Council Of Ministers and the Ministry of Defence
Parliamentary Oversight: the Role of the Assembly Defence Committee
Democratic Security Policy Communities

7. The War Crimes Legacy
The War Crimes Legacy And International Judicial Intervention
The Serbian Project And The Strategy Of War Crimes: Creating The Legacy
The International Response: Creating The ICTY
Cooperation with the ICTY after 5 October 2000
Dealing with the War Crimes Legacy

8. Passing the Mladic
Civil-Military Relations And The War Crimes Legacy
Breaking the War Crimes Protection Network and
Reforming Intelligence and Security Agencies
Delivering Mladic and Ensuring Democratic Control of the Security Sector
Serbia, the EU, the ICTY and the War Crimes Legacy
Security and Democracy and the Transformation Of Civil-Military Relations

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