9781560988267

Settlement Pattern Studies in the Americas : Fifth Years since Viru

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781560988267

  • ISBN10:

    1560988266

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1999-05-01
  • Publisher: Isd
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Summary

Settlement pattern research -- the study of human settlement distribution over time within communities and across landscapes -- has become as essential as excavation to the archaeological enterprise. By providing a context for interpreting sites and artifacts, settlement pattern surveys enable archaeologists to address such fundamental anthropological issues as the formation of sedentary communities; the evolution of ranking; and the development of chiefdoms, states, and empires. The first settlement pattern survey was initiated in 1946 in the Viru Valley on the north coast of Peru; today methodological and theoretical advances have allowed the settlement pattern survey to mature as a feasible, commonly used tool for analyzing broad cultural changes. In Settlement Pattern Studies in the Americas, seventeen distinguished scholars recount the history of settlement pattern archaeology and detail current case studies ranging from Alaska to Oaxaca to Peru. The contributors show how the interplay between settlement pattern research and site excavation has sharpened the discussion of such topics as inequality, warfare, ideology, subsistence and craft production, exchange, demography, and political interactions. Explaining that new data sets have brought settlement pattern studies to the brink of an exciting era in data collection and spatial analysis, the contributors present innovative and diverse uses for this significant field methodology.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
ix
List of Tables
xiii
Contributors xv
Preface xvii
Settlement Pattern Research in the Americas: Past, Present, and Future
1(8)
Brian R. Billman
PART ONE: THE DEVELOPMENT OF SETTLEMENT PATTERN ARCHAEOLOGY IN THE NEW WORLD
The Viru Valley Project and Settlement Archaeology: Some Reminiscences and Contemporary Comments
9(3)
Gordon R. Willey
Three Valleys: Twenty-Five Years of Settlement Archaeology in Mesoamerica
12(10)
William T. Sanders
Spatial Scales and Process: In and around the Valley of Oaxaca
22(17)
Laura Finsten
Stephen A. Kowalewski
PART TWO: SETTLEMENT PATTERN STUDIES AND THE ORIGINS OF SEDENTISM
From Traveler to Processor: Regional Trajectories of Hunter-Gatherer Sedentism in the Inyo-Mono Region, California
39(17)
Robert L. Bettinger
Sedentism, Settlement, and Village Organization on the Lower Alaska Peninsula: A Preliminary Assessment
56(23)
Herbert D. G. Maschner
PART THREE: SETTLEMENT PATTERN STUDIES AND THE ORIGINS OF RANKED SOCIETIES
Late Prehistoric Settlements and Wetlands in the Central Mississippi Valley
79(17)
George R. Milner
James S. Oliver
The Settlement Pattern of Mississippian Chiefdoms in Northern Georgia
96(20)
David J. Hally
Settlement Pattern Shifts and Political Ranking in the Lake Titicaca Basin, Peru
116(15)
Charles Stanish
PART FOUR: SETTLEMENT PATTERN STUDIES AND STATES AND EMPIRES
Reconstructing Prehistoric Political Economies and Cycles of Political Power in the Moche Valley, Peru
131(29)
Brian R. Billman
Regional Approaches to the Study of Prehistoric Empires: Examples from Ayacucho and Nasca, Peru
160(12)
Katharina J. Schreiber
Reflections on Regional Survey: Perspectives from the Guirun Area, Oaxaca, Mexico
172(19)
Gary M. Feinman
Linda M. Nicholas
Settlement Pattern Studies in the Mixteca Alta, Oaxaca, 1966-1996
191(12)
Andrew Balkansky
Conclusions: The Settlement Pattern Concept from an Americanist Perspective
203(6)
Suzanne K. Fish
References 209(32)
Index 241

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