Sources in the History of the Modern Middle East

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-01-08
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing

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This unique primary source reader provides first-hand accounts of the events described in Middle Eastern history survey books. The book is organized into ten chapters featuring chapter introductions and headnotes. The primary source documents cover the late 18th century through the beginning of the 21st, exploring political, social, economic, and cultural history and infusing the volume with the voices of real people.

Table of Contents

Introduction: How to Read a Primary Sourc
The Middle East in the Nineteenth Century
Central Political Reforms and Local Responses
The Hatt-I-Serif Decree Initiates the Tanzimat, or Reform, Period in the Ottoman Empire, November 3, 183.9
An Ottoman Government Decress Defines the Official Nation of the "Modern" Citizen, June 19, 1870
Mirza Malkum Khan Satirizes Iran's Central Government and Religious Elite, 1880s
Jamal al-Din Al-Afghani Answers Ernest Renan's Criticism of Islam, May 18, 1883
Baghdadi Jews React to the Modernization of the Ottoman Empire, May 28, 1908
Economic Changes
The Treaty of Peace and Commerce (Treaty of Turkmanchai) Between Iran and Russia, February 10-22, 1828
An Egyptian Khedival Decree Establishes a European-Controlled Public Debt Administration, May 2, 1876
The Concession for the Tobacco Monopoly in Iran, March 8, 1890
Tobacco Smuggling and the French R?gie Monopoly in the Ottoman Empire, 1895
A Coal Miner's Life During the Late Ottoman Empire
Social and Cultural Reforms
Rifa'a Tahtawi Reflects on Paris, Its People, Their Ideas and Lives in the 1820s
Qasim Amin Argues for the Emancipation of Women in Egypt, 1900
Teachers of the Alliance Isra?lite Universelle Write About Child Marriages, Domestic Violence, and the Treatment of Children Among Jews in North Africa, 1902-1915
Articles in Iranian Magazines Emphasize the Link Between the Education of Girls and the Advancement of Iranian Society, 1907, 1909
Bahithat al-Badiya Advocates Greater Educational and Economic Rights for Egyptian Women, 1909
Making Nations in The Middle East, 1900 - 1949
Ideas of Nationalism
Leo Pinsker, a Jewish Intellectual, Proposes a "Jewish Homeland," 1882
Ahad Ha-Am's "The Jewish State and the Jewish Problem," a Counterargument to the Idea of a Jewish State, 1897
The Husayn-McMahon Correspondence, Negotiating the Establishment of an "Arab Kingdom" in the Middle East, 1915
The Balfour Declaration, Stating the British Government's Support for a Jewish Homeland in Palestine, and Discussions Leading to Issuing It in 1917
Division of the Ottoman Empire: The Treaty of S?vres, August 10, 1920
'Ali 'Abd al-Raziq, an Egyptian Religious Scholar, Argues for the Separation of State and Religion, 1928
Antun Sa'adeh Declares His Vision of "Greater Syria" or Regional Nationalism, June 1, 1935
Syrian Michel 'Aflaq Addresses the Relationship Between Arabism and Islam, 1943
Hasan al-Banna Proclaims Egyptian Nationalism and the Religious Basis for an Islamic State, 1949
Contested Nationalisms
Henry Morgenthau Recounts Aspects of Nationalist-Driven Ethnic Cleansing of Armenians in Turkey, 1915
The Zionist Organization's Memorandum to the Peace Conference in Versailles Asks for Support for the Establishment of a Jewish State in Palestine, February 3, 1919
The Resolution of the Greater Syrian Congress at Damascus Proclaims Arab Sovereignty over Greater Syria, July 2, 1919
The American King-Crane Commission Report Summarizes the Popular Ideas of Nationalism in the Middle East, 1919
A Writer for al-Asima, the Syrian Government Newspaper, Seeks to Establish the Popular Idea of the "Nation," October 23, 1919
Women and the Vote in Syria: A Parliamentary Debate About the Relationship Between Gender and Citizenship in the Proposed State, April 25, 1920
The Contest for Alexandretta Between Syria and Turkey, May 1938
The Arab Case for Palestine and the Case for a Binational State, March 1946
President Harry Truman's Statement Supporting Jewish Immigration into Palestine, October 4, 1946
The Rise Of Postindependence States (1950-2000)
Restricting Authority
Asadollah Alam's Diary Details Some Elements of the Shah of Iran's Rule in 1976 and 1977
Iraq's Saddam Hussein Proclaims History as a Tool for Educating the Masses About the Revolution and Comments on the Role of Women in the Revolution, 1975, 1978
The Constitution of Saudi Arabia Bases the Legitimacy of the Ruling House of Saud on Religion, 1992
Crisis of the State
Egyptian President Abdel Nasser Resigns from Office Following the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, June 9, 1967
Sadiq al-'Azm, an Arab Intellectual, Critiques the Arab State and Clergy for Their Use of Religion, 1968
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini Denounces the Rule of the Shah of Iran, 1975
Documents About One of the Major Political Arguments Underlying the Lebanese Civil War, 1975
American Consular Documents Reveal the Diplomats' Assessment of the Revolution in Iran, 1978
The Massacre of the Muslim Brothers of Syria in Hama, 1982
Prime Minister Rabin's speech to the Knesset on Israeli Occupation of Palestinian Territories, April 18, 1994
Hanan Mikhail-Ashrawi's The Meaning of the Intifada, 1989
Report on Arab Israelis: Breaking the Stranglehold of Alienation, October, 27, 2000
The Middle East Today
Islamic Political Movements Since 1964 Egyptian Writer Sayyid Qutb Articulates a New, Influential Vision of Jihad, 1964
Iranian Intellectual Ali Shari'ati Examines Man from the Viewpoint of Islam, 1968
Egyptian Editorialist Farag Foda Critiques Islamic Movements in Egypt, 1989 and 1992
Islamist Usama Bin Laden Calls on Muslims to Take Up Arms Against America, 1998
Reflections on the Terrorist Attacks of September 11, 2001
Subaltern Groups
The Arab Women's Court Vows to Resist Violence Against Women, 1995 and 1998
Internet Discussion of Marriage and Education for Saudi Women, 1996
A Kurdish Activist's Letter Appealing to Berna Yilmaz, the Spouse of the Turkish Prime Minister, September 27, 1998
Journalist Lilian Liang Discusses Homosexuality in Egypt, 1999
Arab and Israeli Soccer Players Discuss Ethnic Relations in Israel, 2000
Self-Reflection by the Communist Party of Iran, 2001
Young Veiled Women Embracing Their Lovers and Creating for Themselves Boundaries of Freedom, 2008
A Saudi Rap Band Seeks to Spread Culture of Hip Hop in Arab Societies, 2008
The Middle East in the 21st Century
Freedom and the Future, a Speech by George W. Bush,February 27, 2003
Don't Attack Saddam, by Former U.S. National Security Advisor Brent Scowcroft, August 15, 2002
Bush Recasts Rationale for War after Report, October 10, 2004
Globalization and Education in the MIddle East, June 1, 2006
Dishing Democracy: Satellite Television in the Arab World, July 31, 2007
Al-Jazeera: the World Through Arab Eyes, June 16, 2005
Islam Can Vote, If We Let It, May 21, 2005
Sectarian Conflict: Who's to Blame, April 2008
Bin Laden and Obama's Invasion, November 2008
Victims of "American Bombs" in South Lebanon Vote for Barack Obama, November 2008
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