Sources of the West : Readings in Western Civilization, Volume I (from the Beginning To 1715)

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-01-01
  • Publisher: Longman
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Sources of the Westpresents a well-balanced selection of readings that integrate coverage of social, economic, religious, and cultural history within a traditional, political framework. The text includes constitutional documents, political theory, philosophy, imaginative literature, and social description that raise significant issues for classroom discussions or lectures. By reading the voices of the past, students can connect them to the present; learn to understand and respect other cultures; and think critically about history.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
How to Read a Documentp. xiii
The Origins of Western Civilization and the Classical Worldp. 1
Creation Epicsp. 3
The Epic of Gilgamesh (ca. 2000 B.C.E.)p. 3
The Creation Epic (ca. 2000 B.C.E.)p. 5
The Book of Genesis (ca. 10th-6th century B.C.E.)p. 11
Hesiod, Works and Days (ca. 700 B.C.E.)p. 16
The Ancient Near Eastp. 20
Code of Hammurabi (early 18th century B.C.E.)p. 20
The Book of the Dead (ca. 16th century B.C.E.)p. 23
The Book of Exodus (ca. 10th-6th century B.C.E.)p. 26
The Book of Isaiah (ca. 8th-6th century B.C.E.)p. 30
Ancient and Classical Greecep. 34
Homer, Iliad (9th-8th century B.C.E.)p. 34
Sappho of Lesbos, Poems (ca. 600 B.C.E.)p. 37
Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War (ca. 400 B.C.E.)p. 39
Xenophon, The Spartan Constitution (ca. 360 B.C.E.)p. 44
Plato, Apology (399 B.C.E.)p. 48
Plato, The Republic (ca. 327 B.C.E.)p. 53
Aristotle, Politics (4th century B.C.E.)p. 61
Plutarch, The Life of Alexander (ca. C.E. 116)p. 65
The Roman Worldp. 72
Polybius, The Roman Constitution (ca. 150 B.C.E.)p. 72
Cicero, The Trial of Aulus Cluentius Habitus (66 B.C.E.)p. 76
Virgil, Aeneid (30-19 B.C.E.)p. 81
Juvenal, Satires (ca. C.E. 116)p. 84
Plutarch, The Life of Cato the Elder (ca. C.E. 116)p. 88
Suetonius, The Life of Augustus (ca. C.E. 122)p. 92
The Sermon on the Mount (ca. C.E. 28-35)p. 96
St. Paul, Epistle to the Romans (ca. C.E. 57)p. 98
Medieval Europep. 103
The Early Middle Agesp. 105
Tacitus, Germania (98)p. 105
Eusebius, In Praise of Constantine (336)p. 108
Augustine of Hippo, The City of God (413-426)p. 113
Benedict of Nursia, Rule of Saint Benedict (ca. 535-540)p. 117
The Burgundian Code (ca. 474)p. 121
Gregory of Tours, History of the Franks (ca. 581-591)p. 126
Bede, The Ecclesiastical History of England (731)p. 129
Einhard, The Life of Charlemagne (ca. 829-836)p. 133
Islam and the Eastern Empirep. 137
Justinian, Code (529-565)p. 137
Procopius, Secret History (ca. 560)p. 141
The Koran (7th century)p. 145
Michael Psellus, Chronographia (ca. 1075-1077)p. 148
Ibn Al-Qalanisi, The Damascus Chronicle (ca. 1150)p. 152
Ibn Ishaq, The Life of Muhammad (after 733)p. 155
The High Middle Agesp. 160
Feudad Documents (11th-13th centuries)p. 160
Bernard of Angers, Miracles of St. Foy (ca. 1010)p. 164
Fulcher of Chartres, The First Crusade and the Siege of Jerusalem (1101-1127)p. 169
The Song of Roland (ca. 1100)p. 175
Magna Carta (1215)p. 179
Francis of Assisi, Admonitions (ca. 1220)p. 182
Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica (1266-1273)p. 187
Dante, The Divine Comedy (ca. 1320)p. 192
Catherine of Siena, Letters (1376)p. 196
Christine de Pisan, The Book of the City of Ladies (ca. 1405)p. 200
Margaret Paston, Letters (1441-1448)p. 206
Witchcraft Documents (15th century)p. 209
Renaissance and Reformationp. 215
The Renaissancep. 217
Francesco Petrarca, Letters (ca. 1372)p. 217
Leon Battista Alberti, On the Family (1435-1444)p. 222
Giorgio Vasari, The Life of Leonardo da Vinci (1550)p. 227
Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince (1513)p. 231
Desiderius Erasmus, In Praise of Folly (1509)p. 235
Sir Thomas More, Utopia (1516)p. 239
The New Worldsp. 243
Christopher Columbus, Letter from the First Voyage (1493)p. 243
Ludovico di Varthema, Travels (ca. 1508)p. 247
Gomes de Zurara, Chronicle of Guinea (1453)p. 250
Bartolome de Las Casas, Apologetic History of the Indies (1566)p. 254
Bernal Diaz, The True history of the Conquest of New Spain (1552-1568)p. 258
Juan Gonzalez de Mendoza, The History of the Great and Mightie Kingdom of China (1585)p. 261
Religious Reformp. 265
Martin Luther, The Freedom of a Christian (1520) and Of Marriage and Celibacy (1566)p. 265
John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion (1534) and Catechism (ca. 1540)p. 271
Ignatius Loyola, Spiritual Exercises (1548)p. 279
Teresa of Avila, The Life of St. Teresa (1611)p. 283
The Early Modern Worldp. 287
Anonymous, Lazarillo de Tormes (1554)p. 287
The Twelve Articles of the Peasants of Swabia (1524); Martin Luther, Admonition to Peace (1525)p. 290
Francis Xavier, Letter from India (1543)p. 295
Marguerite de Navarre, Heptameron (1558)p. 299
Philippe Duplessis-Mornay, A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants (1579)p. 304
Magdalena and Balthasar Paumgartner, Letters (1592-1596)p. 309
Anonymous, The Debate About Women: Hic Mulier and Haec Vir (1620)p. 312
The Ancien Regimep. 317
The Wars of Religionp. 319
Henry IV, The Edict of Nantes (1598)p. 319
Cardinal Richelieu, The Political Testament (1638)p. 321
Hans von Grimmelshausen, Simplicissimus (1669)p. 324
Subjects and Sovereignsp. 329
James I, True Law of a Free Monarchy (1598)p. 329
Sir William Clarke, The Putney Debates (1647)p. 334
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651)p. 340
John Locke, Second Treatise of Government (1689)p. 343
The English Bill of Rights (1689)p. 347
Duc de Saint-Simon, Memoirs (1694-1723)p. 352
Acknowledgmentsp. 357
Photo Creditsp. 362
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