The Stone-Campbell Movement: An International Religious Tradition

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2002-06-01
  • Publisher: Univ of Tennessee Pr
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The religious reform tradition known as the Stone-Campbell movement came into being on the American frontier in the early decades of the nineteenth century. Named for its two principal founders, Barton W. Stone and Alexander Campbell, its purpose was twofold: to restore the church to the practice and teaching of the New Testament and, by this means, to find a basis for reuniting all Christians. Today, there are three major branches of the Stone-Campbell tradition: the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), Churches of Christ, and Christian Churches/Churches of Christ. This volume brings together twenty-six essays drawn from the significant scholarship on the Stone-Campbell Movement that has flourished over the past twenty years. Reprinted from diverse scholarly journals and concentrating on historiographic issues, the essays consider such topics as the movement's origins, its influence on the presidency, its presence in Britain, and its multicultural aspects. In their introduction, Casey and Foster reveal the connections between this scholarship and larger issues of American history, religion, and culture. They note that David Edwin Harrell Jr., and Richard T. Hughes-both of whom are represented in the collection-have provided competing paradigms of the social and intellectual history of the movement: While Harrell defends the legitimacy of the sectarian "non-institutional" Churches of Christ, Hughes legitimizes the current progressive movement found in Churches of Christ. Casey and Foster propose six additional historiographic constructs as alternatives to those of Harrell and Hughes and assess each paradigm's implications for the scholarship of the movement. The first major survey of research on the Stone-Campbell movement in a quarter of a century, this book will also serve as an invaluable resource for scholars of American religious movements in general. The Editors: Michael W. Casey is professor the communication at Pepperdine University. He is the author of The Battle Over Hermeneutics in the Stone-Campbell Movement, 18001870 and Saddlebags, City Streets, and Cyberspace: A History of Preaching in the Churches of Christ. Douglas A. Foster is associate professor of church history and director of the Center for Restoration Studies at Abilene Christian University. He is author of Will the Cycle Be Unbroken? Churches of Christ Face the Twenty-First Century and co-author of The Crux of the Matter: Crisis, Tradition, and the Future of Churches of Christ. The Contributors: Peter Ackers, Louis Billington, Monroe Billington, Paul M. Blowers, Michael W. Casey, Anthony L. Dunnavant, David B. Eller, Philip G. A. Griffin-Allwood, Jean F. Hankins, David Edwin Harrell Jr., Nathan O. Hatch, L. Edward Hicks, Richard T. Hughes, Deryck W. Lovegrove, John L. Morrison, Russ Paden, Paul D. Phillips, William C. Ringenberg, Stephen Vaughn, Earl Irvin West, Mont Whitson, Glenn Michael Zuber.

Table of Contents

The Renaissance of Stone-Campbell Studies: An Assessment and New Directions
Michael Casey
Douglas A. Foster
Part I Historiographical Issues
Intellectual History and Social History
The Sectional Origins of the Churches of Christ
David Edwin Harrell Jr.
The Apocalyptic Origins of Churches of Christ and the Triumph of Modernism
Richard T. Hughes
Part II An American Movement
The Christian Movement and the Demand for a Theology of the People
Nathan O. Hatch
The Agrarian Myth and the Disciples of Christ in the Nineteenth Century
David Edwin Harrell Jr.
The Significance of Alexander Campbell in Antebellum America
A Rational Voice Crying in an Emotional Wilderness
John L. Morrison
Campbell's Post-Protestantism and Civil Religion
Mont Whitson
Cincinnati's ``Unprecedented Spectacle''
Earl Irvin West
Republican Religion and Republican Institutions: Alexander Campbell and the Anti-Catholic Movement
L. Edward Hicks
The Influence of a Tradition on the Presidency
The Religious Thought and Practice of James A. Garfield
William C. Ringenberg
Lyndon B. Johnson: The Religion of a Politician
Monroe Billington
The Moral Inheritance of a President: Reagan and the Dixon Disciples of Christ
Stephen Vaughn
American Multiculturalism: Ethnocentrism, Gender, and Race
``Living in a Land of Prophets'': James T. Barclay and an Early Disciples of Christ Mission to Jews in the Holy Land
Paul M. Blowers
Mainline Women Ministers: Women Missionary and Temperance Organizers Become ``Disciples of Christ'' Ministers, 1888-1908
Glenn Michael Zuber
The Interracial Impact of Marshall Keeble, Black Evangelist, 1878-1968
Paul D. Phillips
American Primitivism
Hoosier Brethren and the Origins of the Restoration Movement
David B. Eller
Two Restoration Traditions: Mormons and Churches of Christ in the Nineteenth Century
Richard T. Hughes
Part III A British Movement
The Churches of Christ in Britain: A Study in Nineteenth-Century Sectarianism
Louis Billington
West End Chapel, Back Street Bethel: Labor and Capital in the Wigan Churches of Christ, 1845-1945
Peter Ackers
Part IV Social Ethics and Pacifism
David Lipscomb and the ``Preferential Option for the Poor'' among Postbellum Churches of Christ
Anthony L. Dunnavant
Disciples of Christ Pacifism in Nineteenth-Century Tennessee
David Edwin Harrell Jr.
From Pacifism to Patriotism: The Emergence of Civil Religion in the Churches of Christ during World War I
Michael W. Casey
Who Speaks for the Christians? The Great War and Conscientious Objection Movement in the Churches of Christ: A View from the Wigan Coalfield
Peter Ackers
Part V Traditions Related to the Stone-Campbell Movement
A Different Kind of Loyalist: The Sandemanians of New England during the Revolutionary War
Jean F. Hankins
Unity and Separation: Contrasting Elements in the Thought and Practice of Robert and James Alexander Haldane
Deryck W. Lovegrove
``To Hear a Free Gospel'': The Christian Connexion in Canada
Philip G. A. Griffin-Allwood
The Boston Church of Christ
Russ Paden
Contributors 575(2)
Acknowledgments 577(2)
Index 579

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