9781586037796

Strengthening Religious Tolerance for a Secure Civil Society in Albania and the Southern Balkans

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9781586037796

  • ISBN10:

    158603779X

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2007-09-15
  • Publisher: Ios Pr Inc

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Summary

It has long been a common place of Balkan Studies and historical writing about the Balkans to state that religion is often a major factor in conflicts. Some contemporary authors have seen it as the decisive factor. In the context of the bloody debacle of the wars of the 1990s in ex-Yugoslavia which was analysed as a conflict between Roman Catholic Croatia and Orthodox Serbia, or the Bosnian war in terms of re-emerging Islam. The longstanding reputation of Albania and Albanians for tolerance in religious matters is important, and deserves scholarly study and debate. In the period of the emergence of Albania from the chaos and turmoil of the 1989-1992 period and the end of the one-party state, the main priority for Albanians was the reestablishment of religion in Albania after the years of enforced atheism under the Hoxha regime. In the main this process went very well, with a successful programme of church and mosque construction taking place. This publication illuminates the background to this emerging and complex religious culture in Albania and also touches upon subjects of importance in relevant neighbouring nations (Greece and Montenegro). It includes papers by a number of prominent local scholars, and invited foreign experts on Albania and its history.

Table of Contents

Message from Senator Giulio Andreotti, 70th, 61st and 58th Prime Minister of Italy
General Considerations on Albanian Religion and Its History
Albanian Religion Through Judicial Documentsp. 7
Religious Divergences in Albania and Balkan Securityp. 15
"Clash of Civilization" - A Paradox or a Reality!? - The Positive Albanian Modelp. 19
The Development of Religion in Post-Communist Albaniap. 27
Religious Cohabitation in Albania: Constructing a Model or Constructing Realityp. 31
Religions and Religous Tolerancep. 34
State-Religion Relations in Transition Albaniap. 38
Towards a Sustainable Peaceful Coexistence in the Balkansp. 41
The Challenge of Proselytism for Religious Coexistencep. 45
Truth and Diversity Beyond the Common Groundp. 52
Local Studies
The Historical Background to the Muslim Community in Albania During the Period 1912-1920p. 57
Islam and the Albanian Periphery Landsp. 62
Islam and State Religion in Greece: From the Formation of the 'Greek-Orthodox Genos' to the Era of Migrationp. 66
Intra-Group Differences and the Status of Religious and Ethnic Minoritiesp. 74
The Legacy of the Albanian Evangelicals and Its Continuation Post - 1990p. 77
Religious Suspension of the Divinep. 80
The Inadvertent Effects of Democratisation on Religious Extremist Groupsp. 91
The Jews of Albania During the Zogist Period and the Second World Warp. 95
Between East and West: The Basilian Monks of Grottaferrata in Albaniap. 102
Religious Tolerance in Montenegro as a Guarantee of Stability and Security of the Countryp. 112
Interfaith Relations in Serbiap. 117
The Bektashi Heritage in Albaniap. 119
Parallels Beyond the Balkans
Finding the Common Ground Between the Three Major Religionsp. 123
Love Your Neighbors as Yourself, Love Your Neighbors Like Yourselfp. 126
A Project for Peacep. 128
Conclusions
General Conclusions from NATO Advanced Research Workshopp. 133
Inter-Religious Dialoguep. 136
Author Indexp. 139
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

Excerpts

It has long been a common place of Balkan Studies and historical writing about the Balkans to state that religion is often a major factor in conflicts. Some contemporary authors have seen it as the decisive factor. In the context of the bloody debacle of the wars of the 1990s in ex-Yugoslavia which was analysed as a conflict between Roman Catholic Croatia and Orthodox Serbia, or the Bosnian war in terms of re-emerging Islam. The longstanding reputation of Albania and Albanians for tolerance in religious matters is important, and deserves scholarly study and debate. In the period of the emergence of Albania from the chaos and turmoil of the 1989-1992 period and the end of the one-party state, the main priority for Albanians was the reestablishment of religion in Albania after the years of enforced atheism under the Hoxha regime. In the main this process went very well, with a successful programme of church and mosque construction taking place. This publication illuminates the background to this emerging and complex religious culture in Albania and also touches upon subjects of importance in relevant neighbouring nations (Greece and Montenegro). It includes papers by a number of prominent local scholars, and invited foreign experts on Albania and its history.

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