Taking Sides : Clashing Views in Crime and Criminology

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  • Edition: 10th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-08-19
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin
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Taking Sidesvolumes present current controversial issues in a debate-style format designed to stimulate student interest and develop critical thinking skills. Each issue is thoughtfully framed with an issue summary, an issue introduction, and a postscript or challenge questions. Taking Sidesreaders feature an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites. An online Instructor's Resource Guide with testing material is available for each volume. Using Taking Sides in the Classroomis also an excellent instructor resource. Visit www.mhhe.com/takingsides for more details.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
Correlation Guidep. xviii
Introductionp. xx
Explations Of Crimep. 1
Is Crime Beneficial to Society?p. 2
Yes: Emile Durkheim, from The Rules of Sociological Method (The Free Press, 1938)p. 4
NO: Daniel Patrick Moynihan, from "Defining Deviancy Down," The American Scholar (Winter 1993)p. 9
Is Criminal Behavior Determined Biologically?p. 17
Yes: Adrian Raine, from "The Biological Basis of Crime," in James Q. Wilson and John Petersilia, eds., Crime: Public Policies for Crime Control (ICS Press, 2002)p. 19
No: Jeffrey H. Reiman, from The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get ? Prison: Ideology, Class, and Criminal Justice (Allyn & Bacon, 1998)p. 28
Is a Person's Body Type Clearly Linked to Criminal Behavior?p. 44
Yes: Sean Maddan, Jeffrey T. Walker, and J. Mitchell Miller, from "Physiques, Somatotypes and Crime." An essay. (2009)p. 46
No: Chris L. Gibson and Kevin M. Beaver, from "Does Body Type Really Have an Effect on Criminal Behavior?" An essay. (2009)p. 53
Contemporary Public Policy Issues In Criminology And Criminal Justicep. 63
Does the United States Have a Right to Torture Suspected Terrorists?p. 64
Yes: Andrew A. Moher, from "The Lesser of Two Evils? An Argument for Judicially Sanctioned Torture in a Post-9/11 World," Thomas Jefferson Law Review (Spring 2004)p. 66
No: Elisa Massimino, from "Leading by Example? U.S. Interrogation of Prisoners in the War on Terror," Criminal Justice Ethics (Winter 2004)p. 79
Is Racial Profiling an Acceptable Law Enforcement Strategy?p. 87
Yes: Jared Taylor and Glayde Whitney, from "Racial Profiling: Is There an Empirical Basis?" Mankind Quarterly (Spring 2002)p. 89
No: Michael J. Lynch, from "Misleading 'Evidence' and the Misguided Attempt to Generate Racial Profiles of Criminals; Correcting Fallacies and Calculations Concerning Race and Crime in Taylor and Whitney's Analysis of Racial Profiling," Mankind Quarterly (Spring 2002)p. 101
Should Juvenile Courts Be Abolished?p. 115
Yes: Barry C. Feld, from Bad Kids: Race and the Transformation of the Juvenile Court (Oxford University Press, 1999)p. 117
No: Vincent Schiraldi and Jason Ziedenberg, from The Florida Experiment: An Analysis of the Impact of Granting Prosecutors Discretion to Try Juveniles as Adults (July 1999)p. 128
Is Exposure to Pornography Related to Increased Rates of Rape?p. 139
Yes: Diana E. H. Russell, from Dangerous Relationships: Pornography, Misogyny, and Rape (Sage, 1998)p. 141
No: Anthony D'Amato, from "Porn Up, Rape Down,' Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 913013 (2006)p150
Punishmentp. 159
Are Supermax (Control Unit) Prisons an Appropriate Way to Punish Hardened Criminals?p. 160
Yes: Gregory L. Hershberger, from "To the Max," Corrections Today (February 1998)p. 162
No: Rodney J. Henningsen, W. Wesley Johnson, and Terry Wells, from "Supermax Prisons: Panacea or Desperation?" Corrections Management Quarterly (Spring 1999)p. 167
Do Three Strikes Sentencing Laws and Other "Get Tough" Approaches Really Work?p. 177
Yes: Eugene H. Methvin, from "Mugged by Reality," Policy Review (July/August 1997)p. 179
No: David Shichor, from "Three Strikes as a Public Policy," Crime & Delinquency (October 1997)p. 189
Should Private "For-Profit" Corporations Be Allowed to Run U.S. Prisons?p. 198
Yes: Wayne H. Calabrese, from "Low Cost, High Quality, Good Fit: Why Not Privatization?" Privatizing Correctional Institutions (1996)p. 200
No: Jeff Sinden, from "The Problem of Prison Privatization: The U.S. Experience," Capitalist Punishment: Prison Privatization & Human Rights (2003)p. 206
Is Capital Punishment a Bad Public Policy?p. 217
Yes: David Von Drehle, from "Miscarriage of Justice: Why the Death Penalty Doesn't Work," The Washington Post Magazine (February 5, 1995)p. 219
No: Ernest van den Haag, from "The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense," Harvard Law Review (May 1986)p. 231
Modern Trends In Criminology And Criminal Justicep. 241
Should Serious Sex Offenders Be Castrated?p. 242
Yes: Lawrence Wright, from "The Case for Castration," Texas Monthly (May 1992)p. 244
No: Kari A. Vanderzyl, from "Castration as an Alternative to Incarceration: An Impotent Approach to the Punishment of Sex Offenders," Northern Illinois University Law Review (Fall 1994)p. 251
Do Strict Gun Control Laws Reduce the Number of Homicides in the United States?p. 260
Yes: Franklin E. Zimring, from "Firearms, Violence, and the Potential Impact of Firearms Control," Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics (Spring 2004)p. 262
No: Lance K. Stell, from "The Production of Criminal Violence in America: Is Strict Gun Control the Solution?" Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics (Spring 2004)p. 269
Should the Police Enforce Zero-Tolerance Laws?p. 286
Yes: George L. Kelling and William J. Bratton, from "Declining Crime Rates: Insiders' Views of the New York City Story," The Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology (Summer 1998)p. 288
No: Judith A. Greene, from "Zero Tolerance: A Case Study of Police Policies and Practices in New York City," Crime & Delinquency (April 1999)p. 298
Should Marijuana Be Legalized?p. 310
Yes: Ethan A. Nadelmann, from "An End to Marijuana Prohibition: The Drive to Legalize Picks Up," National Review (July 12, 2004)p. 312
No: John P. Walters, from "No Surrender," National Review (September 27, 2004)p. 319
Should Juries Be Able to Disregard the Law and Free "Guilty" Persons in Racially Charged Cases?p. 324
Yes: Paul Butler, from "Racially Based Jury Nullification: Black Power in the Criminal Justice System," Yale Law Journal (December 1995)p. 326
No: Randall Kennedy, from "After the Cheers," The New Republic (October 23, 1995)p. 331
The U.S. Supreme Court, Crime, And The Justice Systemp. 337
Does the U.S. Constitution Protect the Right to Possess a Firearm?p. 338
Yes: Antonin E. Scalia, form Majority Opinion, District of Columbia v. Heller, 554 U.S. 570(2008)p. 342
No: John Paul Stevens, from Dissenting Opinion, District of Columbia v. Heller, 554 U.S. 570 (2008)p. 356
Is the Death Penalty an Unconstitutional Punishment for Juvenile Offenders?p. 367
Yes: Anthony M. Kennedy, from Majority Opinion, Roper v. Simmons, U.S. Supreme Court (2005)p. 369
No: Antonin E. Scalia, from Dissenting Opinion, Roper v. Simmons, U.S. Supreme Court (2005)p. 377
Issue 19p. 389
Yes: Stephen Breyer, from "Dissenting Opinion," Kansas v. Hendricks, U.S. Supreme Court (1997)p. 391
No: Clarence Thomas, from "Opinion," Kansas v. Hendricks, U.S. Supreme Court (1997)p. 400
Does an Imprisoned Individual Have a Constitutional Right to Access the State's Evidence for DNA Testing?p. 412
Yes: John Paul Stevens, from "Dissenting Opinion," District Attorney's Office v. Osborne, 557 U.S. (2009)p. 416
No: John Roberts, from "Majority Opinion," District Attorney's Office v. Osborne, 557 U.S. (2009)p. 422
Contributorsp. 433
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