9780073515298

Taking Sides : Clashing Views in Gender

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780073515298

  • ISBN10:

    0073515299

  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-03-06
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

This debate-style reader is designed to introduce students to controversies in gender studies. The readings, which represent the arguments of leading psychologists and other social commentators, reflect a variety of viewpoints and have been selected for their liveliness and substance and because of their value in a debate framework. Students will be exposed to a rich, exciting, and emotionally and politically charged body of theory, research, and practice. TAKING SIDES: GENDER, containing 20 issues organized into six parts, presents hotly debated issues in contemporary scholarly and public discourse. Students will actively develop critical thinking skills by analyzing opposing viewpoints and reach considered judgments. The issues will challenge students to consider what is sex, what is gender, and when is either relevant, and why. They will discover that what might appear to be binary, biologically based distinction is so much more.An Instructor's Manual accompanies the book. For each issue, the following have been provided: a synopsis of each author's position on the issue, teaching suggestions, and multiple-choice and essay questions. The teaching hints consist of suggestions for generating class discussion around the themes raised by the clashing essays.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. v
Correlation Guidep. xvii
Introductionp. xix
Definitions and Cultural Boundaries: A Moving Targetp. 1
Is Anatomy Destiny?p. 2
Yes: Anne Campbell, from "X and Y: It's a Jungle Out There," Psychology, Evolution & Gender (August 2001)p. 4
No: Richard Wilson, from "Puncturing the Genome Myth: Why the Genetic Code Fails to Explain Gendered Behaviour," Psychology, Evolution & Gender (2001)p. 9
Is Gender Identity Innate?p. 14
Yes: Frederick L. Coolidge, Linda L. Thede, and Susan E. Young, from "The Heritability of Gender Identity Disorder in a Child and Adolescent Twin Sample," Behavior Genetics (2002)p. 16
No: Carla Golden, from "The Intersexed and the Transgendered: Rethinking Sex/Gender," in J. C. Chrisler, C. Golden and P. D. Rozee, eds., Lectures on the Psychology of Women, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2004)p. 22
Do Sex Differences in Careers in Mathematics and Sciences Have a Biological Basis?p. 32
Yes: Steven Pinker, from "The Science of Gender and Science: Pinker vs. Spelke," The Edge (May 16, 2005)p. 34
No: Elizabeth Spelke, from "The Science of Gender and Science: Pinker vs. Spelke," The Edge (May 16, 2005)p. 44
Different Strokes: the Question of Differencep. 57
Are Women and Men More Similar Than Different?p. 58
Yes: Janet Shibley Hyde, from "The Gender Similarities Hypothesis," American Psychologist (2005)p. 60
No: Kingsley R. Browne, from Biology at Work: Rethinking Sexual Equality (Rutgers University Press, 2002)p. 69
Are Different Patterns of Communication in Women and Men Innately Determined?p. 80
Yes: Louann Brizendine, from The Female Brain (2006)p. 82
No: Brenda J. Allen, from Difference Matters: Communicating Social Identity (Waveland Press, 2004)p. 87
Are the Fight-or-Flight and Tend-and-Befriend Responses to Stress Gender-Based?p. 98
Yes: Shelley E. Taylor, Brian P. Lewis, Tara L. Gruenewald, Regan A. R. Gurung, John A. Updegraff, and Laura C. Klein, from "Sex Differences in Behavioral Responses to Threat: Reply to Geary and Flinn," Psychological Review (2002)p. 100
No: David C. Geary and Mark V. Flinn, from "Sex Differences in Behavioral and Hormonal Response to Social Threat: Commentary on Taylor et al.," Psychological Review (2002)p. 105
Violence in the Daily Lives of Women and Menp. 117
Are Expressions of Aggression Related to Gender?p. 118
Yes: Jacquelyn W. White, Patricia L. N. Donat, and Barrie Bondurant, from "A Developmental Examination of Violence Against Girls and Women," in R. Unger, ed., Handbook of the Psychology of Women and Gender (John Wiley & Sons, 2001)p. 120
No: Richard B. Felson, from Violence and Gender Reexamined (American Psychological Association, 2002)p. 131
Gender Symmetry: Do Women and Men Commit Equal Levels of Violence Against Intimate Partners?p. 139
Yes: Murray A. Straus and Ignacio Luis Ramirez, from "Gender Symmetry in Prevalence, Severity, and Chronicity of Physical Aggression Against Dating Partners by University Students in Mexico and USA," Aggressive Behavior (2007)p. 141
No: Suzanne C. Swan and David L. Snow, from "The Development of a Theory of Women's Use of Violence in Intimate Relationships," Violence Against Women (2006)p. 150
Does Pornography Reduce the Incidence of Rape?p. 162
Yes: Anthony D'Amato, from "Porn Up, Rape Down," Northwestern University School of Law, Public Law and Legal Theory Research Series (June 23, 2006)p. 164
No: Judith Reisman, from "Pornography's Link to Rape," Worldnet Daily.com (July 29, 2006)p. 168
From Ozzie and Harriet to My Two Dads: Gender in Childhoodp. 175
Should Same-Sex Couples Be Able to Marry?p. 176
Yes: Larry A. Kurdek, from "Are Gay and Lesbian Cohabiting Couples Really Different from Heterosexual Married Couples?" Journal of Marriage and Family (November 2004)p. 178
No: Peter Sprigg, from Questions and Answers: What's Wrong with Letting Same-Sex Couples 'Marry'? (Family Research Council, 2004)p. 183
Can Lesbian and Gay Couples Be Appropriate Parents for Children?p. 191
Yes: American Psychological Association, from "APA Policy Statement on Sexual Orientation, Parents, and Children. Adopted July 2004p. 193
No: Timothy J. Dailey, from "State of the States: Update on Homosexual Adoption in the U.S.," Family Research Council (2004)p. 198
Are Fathers Essential for Children's Well-Being?p. 205
Yes: Sara S. McLanahan and Marcia J. Carlson, from "Welfare Reform, Fertility and Father Involvement," The Future of Children Journal (2002)p. 207
No: Peggy Drexler, from Raising Boys Without Men (Rodale Books, 2005)p. 211
Is Fetal Sex Selection Harmful to Society?p. 219
Yes: Dena S. Davis, from Genetic Dilemmas: Reproductive Technology, Parental Choices, and Children's Futures (Routledge, 2001)p. 221
No: Rosamond Rhodes, from "Ethical Issues in Selecting Embryos," Annals of the New York Academy of Science (2001)p. 227
From 9 to 5: Gender in the World of Workp. 239
Does the "Mommy Track" (Part-Time Work) Improve Women's Lives?p. 240
Yes: E. Jeffrey Hill, Vjollca K. Martinson, Maria Ferris, and Robin Zenger Baker, from "Beyond the Mommy Track: The Influence of New-Concept Part-Time Work for Professional Women on Work and Family," Journal of Family and Economic Issues (2004)p. 242
No: Mary C. Noonan and Mary E. Corcoran, from "The Mommy Track and Partnership: Temporary Delay or Dead End?" The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (2004)p. 249
Can Social Policies Improve Gender Inequalities in the Workplace?p. 258
Yes: Hilda Kahne, from "Low-Wage Single-Mother Families in This Jobless Recovery: Can Improved Social Policies Help?" Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy (2004)p. 260
No: Hadas Mandel and Moshe Semyonov, from "A Welfare State Paradox: State Interventions and Women's Employment Opportunities in 22 Countries," American Journal of Sociology (2006)p. 267
Is the Gender Wage Gap Justified?p. 278
Yes: June O'Neill, from "The Gender Gap in Wages," American Economic Review (2003)p. 280
No: Hilary M. Lips, from "The Gender Pay Gap: Concrete Indicator of Women's Progress Toward Equality," Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy (2003)p. 284
Are Barriers to Women's Success as Leaders Due to Societal Obstacles?p. 292
Yes: Alice H. Eagly and Linda L. Carli, from "Women and the Labyrinth of Leadership," Harvard Business Review (September 2007)p. 294
No: Kingsley R. Browne, from Biology at Work: Rethinking Sexual Equality (Rutgers University Press, 2002)p. 303
Gender and Sexuality: Double Standards?p. 311
Is Female Circumcision Universally Wrong?p. 312
Yes: Gerald Mackie, from "Female Genital Cutting: A Harmless Practice?" Medical Anthropology Quarterly (2003)p. 314
No: Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, from "The Health Consequences of Female Circumcision: Science, Advocacy, and Standards of Evidence," Medical Anthropology Quarterly (2003)p. 323
Should "Abstinence-Until-Marriage" Be the Only Message to Teens?p. 334
Yes: Bridget E. Maher, from "Abstinence Until Marriage: The Best Message for Teens," Family Research Council (2004)p. 336
No: Debra Hauser, from Five Years of Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Education: Assessing the Impact (2004)p. 342
Can Women's Sexuality Be Free from Traditional Gender Constraints?p. 351
Yes: Elizabeth Sheff, from "Polyamorous Women, Sexual Subjectivity and Power," Journal of Contemporary Ethnography (2005)p. 353
No: Yuko Yamamiya, Thomas F. Cash, and J. Kevin Thompson, from "Sexual Experiences Among College Women: The Differential Effects of General Versus Contextual Body Images on Sexuality," Sex Roles (2006)p. 362
Contributorsp. 372
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