Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Psychological Issues

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  • Edition: 15th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-11-08
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin
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This Fifteenth Edition of TAKING SIDES: PSYCHOLOGICAL ISSUES presents current controversial issues in a debate-style format designed to stimulate student interest and develop critical thinking skills. Each issue is thoughtfully framed with an issue summary, an issue introduction, and a postscript. An instructor's manual with testing material is available for each volume. USING TAKING SIDES IN THE CLASSROOM is also an excellent instructor resource with practical suggestions on incorporating this effective approach in the classroom. Each TAKING SIDES reader features an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites and is supported by our student website, www.mhcls.com/online.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. v
Introductionp. xix
Research Issuesp. 1
Should Animal Research in Psychology Be Eliminated?p. 2
Yes: Peter Singer, from Animal Liberation (Ecco, 2002)p. 4
No: R.G. Frey, from "Justifying Animal Experimentation: The Starting Point," in Ellen Frankel Paul and Jeffery Paul, eds., Why Animal Experimentation Matters: The Use of Animals in Medical Research (Transaction, 2001)p. 11
Are Traditional Empirical Methods Sufficient to Provide Evidence for Psychological Practice?p. 21
Yes: APA Presidential Task Force on Evidence-Based Practice, from "Evidence-Based Practice in Psychology," American Psychologist (2006)p. 23
No: Brent D. Slife and Dennis C. Wendt, from "The Next Step in the Evidence-Based Practice Movement," APA Convention Presentation (2006)p. 34
Classic Dialogue: Was Stanley Milgram's Study of Obedience Unethical?p. 45
Yes: Diana Baumrind, from "Some Thoughts on Ethics of Research: After Reading Milgram's 'Behavioral Study of Obedience'," American Psychologist (vol. 19, 1964)p. 47
No: Stanley Milgram, from "Issues in the Study of Obedience: A Reply to Baumrind," American Psychologist (vol. 19, 1964)p. 53
Biological Issuesp. 63
Are Humans Naturally Violent?p. 64
Yes: Michael L. Wilson and Richard W. Wrangham, from "Intergroup Relations in Chimpanzees," Annual Review of Anthropology (2003)p. 66
No: Robert W. Sussman, from "Are Humans Inherently Violent?" in Ruth Osterweis Selig, Marilyn R. London, P. Ann Kaupp, and eds., Anthropology Explored: The Best of Smithsonian AnthroNotes, 2nd ed. (Smithsonian Books, 2004)p. 72
Do Women and Men Communicate Differently?p. 84
Yes: Julia T. Wood, from Gendered Lives: Communication, Gender, and Culture, 4th ed. (Wadsworth, 2001)p. 86
No: Laura L. Winn and Donald L. Rubin, from "Enacting Gender Identity in Written Discourse: Responding to Gender Role Bidding in Personal Ads," Journal of Language and Social Psychology (December 2001)p. 95
Do Brain Deficiencies Determine Learning Disabilities?p. 105
Yes: Sally E. Shaywitz and Bennett A. Shaywltz, from "Reading Disability and the Brain," Educational Leadership (March 2004)p. 107
No: Gerald Coles, from "Danger in the Classroom: 'Brain Glitch' Research and Learning to Read," Phi Delta Kappan (January 2004)p. 113
Human Developmentp. 123
Does the Environment Influence Human Development More than Genes?p. 124
Yes: Paul Ehrlich and Marcus Feldman, from "Genes and Cultures: What Creates Our Behavioral Phenome?" Current Anthropology (February 2003)p. 126
No: Gary Marcus, from "Making the Mind: Why We've Misunderstood the Nature-Nurture Debate," Boston Review (December 2003/January 2004)p. 135
Does the Divorce of Parents Harm Their Children?p. 146
Yes: Judith S. Wallerstein, from "Growing up in the Divorced Family," Clinical Social Work Journal (Winter 2005)p. 148
No: E. Mavis Hetherington and John Kelly, from For Better or for Worse: Divorce Reconsidered (W. W. Norton, 2002)p. 157
Does Research Show that Homosexual Parenting Has No Negative Effects?p. 164
Yes: Ellen C. Perrin and Committee on Psychosocial Aspects of Child and Family Health, from "Technical Report: Coparent or Second-Parent Adoption by Same-Sex Parents," Pediatrics (April 2002)p. 166
No: Richard N. Williams, from "The Effect on Children of the Sexual Orientation of Parents: How Should the Issue Be Decided?" Invited Address to the National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuality (2000)p. 172
Cognitive Processesp. 183
Are Human Activities Determined?p. 184
Yes: John A. Bargh and Erin L. Williams, from "The Automaticity of Social Life," Current Directions in Psychological Science (February 2006)p. 186
No: Amy Fisher Smith, from "Automaticity: The Free Will-Determinism Debate Continued," An Original Article Written for This Text (2006)p. 196
Is the Theory of Multiple Intelligences Valid?p. 207
Yes: Howard Gardner, from Multiple Intelligences: New Horizons (Basic Books, 2006)p. 209
No: John White, from "Howard Gardner: The Myth of Multiple Intelligences," Lecture at Institute of Education, University of London (November 2004)p. 219
Mental Healthp. 229
Does ADHD Exist?p. 230
Yes: Russell A. Barkley, from "International Consensus Statement on ADHD," Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review (June 2002)p. 232
No: Sami Timimi et al., from "A Critique of the International Consensus Statement on ADHD," Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review (March 2004)p. 236
Does Taking Antidepressants Lead to Suicide?p. 241
Yes: David Healy and Chris Whitaker, from "Antidepressants and Suicide: Risk-Benefit Conundrums," Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience (September 2003)p. 243
No: Yvon D. Lapierre, from "Suicidality With Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors: Valid Claim?" Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience (September 2003)p. 251
Does Low Self-Esteem Lead to Antisocial Behavior?p. 261
Yes: M. Brent Donnellan, Kali H. Trzesniewski, Richard W. Robins, Terrie E. Moffitt, and Avshalom Caspi, from "Low Self-Esteem Is Related to Aggression, Antisocial Behavior, and Delinquency," Psychological Science (April 2005)p. 263
No: Roy F. Baumeister, Jennifer D. Campbell, Joachim J. Krueger, and Kathleen D. Vohs, from "Exploding the Self-Esteem Myth," Scientific American (January 2005)p. 272
Psychological Treatmentsp. 281
Should Psychologists Be Able to Prescribe Drugs?p. 282
Yes: Patrick H. DeLeon and Debra Lina Dunivin, from "The Tide Rises," Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice (Fall 2002)p. 284
No: William N. Robiner et al., from "Prescriptive Authority for Psychologists: A Looming Health Hazard?" Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice (Fall 2002)p. 293
Is Treating Homosexuality Ethical?p. 311
Yes: Christopher H. Rosik, from "Motivational, Ethical and Epistemological Foundations in the Treatment of Unwanted Homoerotic Attraction," Journal of Marital and Family Therapy (January 2003)p. 313
No: Robert-Jay Green, from "When Therapists Do Not Want Their Clients to Be Homosexual: A Response to Rosik's Article," Journal Marital and Family Therapy (2003)p. 331
Social Psychologyp. 347
Do Video Games Lead to Violence?p. 348
Yes: Douglas A. Gentile and Craig A. Anderson, from "Violent Video Games: The Newest Media Violence Hazard," in Douglas A. Gentile, ed., Media Violence and Children: A Complete Guide for Parents and Professionals (Praeger, 2003)p. 350
No: Cheryl K. Olson, from "Media Violence Research and Youth Violence Data: Why Do They Conflict?" Academic Psychiatry (Summer 2004)p. 359
Can Sex Be Addictive?p. 368
Yes: Patrick J. Carnes, from "Sexual Addiction Q & A," http://www.sexhelp.com/sa_q_and_a.cfm (November 11, 2006)p. 370
No: Lawrence A. Siegel and Richard M. Siegel, from "Sex Addiction: Recovering from a Shady Concept," An Original Essay Written for Taking Sides: Human Sexuality (2007)p. 377
Contributorsp. 386
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