Teaching Science in Elementary and Middle School : A Cognitive and Cultural Approach

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-07-08
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications, Inc
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Teaching ScienceŠin Elementary and Middle School: A Cognitive and Cultural Approach 2e is an introductory science curriculum and methods textbook for elementary and middle schools teachers. The primary purpose of the book is to provide an introduction to the teaching of science with an emphasis on guiding the teacher toward: conceptual understanding of core standards-based science content from the four major scientific disciplinesapplication of scientific methods and processes of inquiry to the learning of these science conceptsdevelopment of scientific language that is both expressive and constitutive in the formation of scientific reasoningthe ability to guide learners through numerous core scientific experiments that help to illuminate items 1-3evaluation of social and cultural factors that shape and influence both science and science educationanalysis of the local context in which science must be understood (as well as the global context)synthesis of science as interrelated with other aspects of the world and how this idea can be taught to students through integrated and thematic instruction. The approach throughout is clear and practical, and is designed to foster reflective teaching rooted in research and theory. Teaching Science inŠElementary and Middle School: A Cognitive and Cultural Approach 2e is a synthesis of current knowledge in science education, cognition and culture. The authors rely upon both classical and contemporary theories of learning as cognitive and as sociocultural processes. By connecting and integrating core standards-based science concepts, pedagogical practices grounded in evolving research from the learning sciences, and a socio-historical analysis of the development, strengths and limitations of science in society, the authors have written a text that fosters the development of teachers who feel prepared to engage their students in rich science learning experiences.

Table of Contents

Creating the Context for Science Education
The Nature of Science
What Is Science?
Nature of Science Cards
What Science Is Not
How Science Is Done
Hidden Shapes
Patterns That Connect
Qualities of Scientific Inquiry
Combining the Qualities of Scientific Inquiry to Address Scientific Questions
The Hypothesis Box
Paradigms and Paradigm Shifts in the Nature of Science
Student Study Site
Reflections on Science
Learning Science On-Line: Researching Scientist Biographies
Internet Connections: Nature of Science Resources
Science Education in Social Context
The Historical Role of Science Education in Our Society
What Would Life Be Like Without Certain Inventions?
Science Education Within Broader Educational Reforms
Education Reform and You
The Contemporary Role of Science Education in Our Society and the Current Wave of Science Education Reform
D efinitions of Scientific Literacy
Broader Education Reforms and Science Education
Learning to Speak the Language of Science
Metaphors in Science
Ethics in Science and the Concept of Human Progress
Ethics and the Humane Treatment of Experimental Animals
Student Study Site
Reflections on Science
Learning Science On-Line: Creating a Virtual Smithsonian Science Museum
Internet Connections: Science Museums on the Internet
Toward a Philosophy of Hands-On Inquiry-Based Science Education
Piagetian Constructivism and Learning Through Rediscovery
Learning Through Play
Helping Students Make Meaning of Experience
Designing Experiments and Learning Through Project-Based Science
Learning by Design
Sociocultural Theory and Learning Through Legitimate Peripheral Participation
Learning Theories Textbook Review
On-Line Resources and the Changing Science Classroom
Student Study Site
Reflections on Science
Learning Science On-Line: Studying Natural Disasters
Internet Connections: Design-Based Learning
Diverse Learners in the Science Classroom
History of Diverse Learners in the Science Classroom
Draw a Scientist
Current Science Education Reforms and Their Impact on Diverse Learners
Mapping the Increasing Diversity in American Classrooms
Strategies for Working With Diverse Learners in the Science Classroom
Two-Column Girls and Scientists Activity
Modifying Lab Activities
Sheltered Second- Language Activity
Debating the "Fairness" of Gifted Education
Student Study Site
Reflections on Science
Learning Science On-Line: Auditory and Visual Learning in Science Education
Internet Connections: Science for Diverse Learners
Observing as a Scientist and as a Science Teacher
Scientific Observation
Observation Experiment: Watching a Traffic Pattern
Observation in the Classroom
From Observation to Assessment of Science Learning
From Observation to Managing the Classroom to Enhance Science Learning
Creating a Safe Science Learning Environment
Field Experiences, Peer Teaching, and Other Opportunities to Practice the Craft of Science Teaching
Observational Forms
Science Lesson Observation Form
Observing in a Science Museum or Other Non-School Setting
Interviewing a Teacher After Observing a Science Lesson
Beyond Observation: Other Science Inquiry Processes
Creating a Science Educator's Portfolio
Looking at Electronic Portfolios
Student Study Site
Reflections on Science
Learning Science On-Line: Combining Content with Field Experiences
Internet Connections: Scientific Observation
Teaching and Learning the Science Disciplines
Understanding and Teaching Earth and Space Sciences
Earth Scientists Then and Now: Mary Anning and Charles Keeling
The Place of Earth and Space Science in Science Education
Measuring and Estimating in Earth and Space Science
Estimating the Number of Books in Your School Library
Geologic Time on a Football Field
The Cosmos: The Sun, Planets, Solar System, Stars, and Beyond
Solar System Model
Expanding Universe Model
Hot Enough to Fry an Egg
Astronomy: Observing the Heavens From Earth in the Past and Present
Modeling Phases of the Moon
The Changing Seasons
Changing Lengths of Shadows
Restless Earth: Earth's Composition, Layers, Movements, and Impacts in Surface Features
Convection Currents
Mountain Building With Towels
Earthquake-Resistant Structures
Rocks and Minerals: Formation, Identification, and Human Use of Common Rocks and Minerals
Crystals in Your Kitchen
Identifying Minerals
Determining Soil Type
Earth Cycles: Many Processes on Earth Operate in Cycles
Building an Aquifer Model
Edible Rock Cycle
Cloud in a Bottle
Weather and Climate: Weather Patterns, Climate Zones, and Climatic Change Over Time
Tracking Rainfall
Making an Anemometer
Rainforest Terrarium
Atmosphere: Atmospheric Movement, Layers, Pressure and Cloud Formation, Smog and Pollution
Why Are Clouds White?
Why Is the Sky Blue?
Smog in a Jar
Water and Oceans: Fresh Water/Salt Water Distribution, Interactions, and Contamination
How Salty Is Too Salty?
Mapping the Ocean Floor
Oil Spill Clean-Up
Student Study Site
Reflections on Science
Internet Connections: Earth and Space Science
Understanding and Teaching Biology
Biologists Then and Now: Ernst Haeckel and Steven Jay Gould
The Place of Biology in Science Education
Measurement in Biology
Measuring Peak Flow Rate
Estimating Lengths of Very Small Objects
Measuring Population Change
Observation in the Bag
Developing a System of Classification
Classifying Different Animals
Seed Germination
Making a Plant Cell Model
The Effect of Acid Rain on Plant Growth
Owl Pellet Dissection
Making an Animal Cell Model
Conducting a Bird Census
Neither Plant nor Animal: Protista, Monera, Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi
Exploring Pond Water
The Power of Yeast
Making Yogurt
Ladder of Life: The Building Blocks of Organisms
Cell Packing
Photosynthesis and Transpiration
Minimal Surfaces in Natural and Biological Forms
Code of Life: All Life Is Based on the Same Genetic Code
Making a Model of the DNA Double Helix
Black Marker "Fingerprints"
Hearing Loss Simulation
Evolution: Natural Selection and Evidence for Species Evolution
Bird Beak Models
Experimenting With Stereoscopic Vision
Biomes and Ecosystems: Interactions Between Plants, Animals, and the Non-Living World
Tracing Food Webs
Greenhouse Effect Model
Unintended Consequences
The Human Body and Human Health
You Are What You Eat
Modeling the Human Arm
Spreading Infectious Disease
Student Study Site
Reflections on Science
Internet Connections: Biology
Understanding and Teaching Chemistry
Chemists Then and Now: Marie Curie and Frank Sherwood Rowland
The Place of Chemistry in Science Education
Measurement in Chemistry
Estimating Volume
Making a Thermometer
Serial Dilution of Colored Liquid
Atoms, Elements, and Molecules
Marshmallow Molecule Models
Evaporating Molecules
Elements You Eat
Hot Air Rises
Densities of Liquids
Making Salt Crystals
Floating a Needle on Water
Separating Mixtures
Comparing Soaps
Evaporation of Alcohol and Water
Hot and Cold Water Mixtures
Making Ice Cream
Burning Candles
Creating a Simple Vacuum
Cartesian Diver
Building a Voltaic Pile
Making a Solar Water Heater
Peanut Power
Student Study Site
Reflections on Science
Internet Connections: Chemistry
Understanding and Teaching Physics
Physicists Then and Now: Michael Faraday and Stephen W. Hawking
The Place of Physics in Science Education
Measurement in Physics
Using Standard and Nonstandard Units of Length
Determining Relative and Absolute Weights Using a Pan Balance
Using a Stopwatch to Measure Time
Force: Gravity, Velocity, Acceleration, Newton's Laws
Flipping a Card off Your Finger While Leaving a Quarter in Place
Swinging a Bucket of Water in a Circle Without Getting Wet
Demonstrating "Lift" with a Ping-Pong Ball and Straw
Forms of Energy
Bouncing Superballs
Modeling Nuclear Half-Life
Creating an Electroscope to Detect Static Electricity
Simple Machines
Experimenting With Pulleys
Experimenting With Ramps
Experimenting With Levers
Demonstrating the Conduction of Sound
Experimenting With Harmonic Sound
Experimenting With Resonance
Light and Color
Making a Thaumatrope
Color Blending
Bending Light
Electricity and Magnetism
Observing Magnetic Fields
Making a Simple Circuit
Making an Electromagnet
Student Study Site
Reflections on Science
Design Your Own Experiment
Internet Connections: Physics
Making the Transition From Preservice Teacher to Inservice Teacher
Teacher Professional Development: Growing as a Teacher of Science
History of Teacher Professional Development
The Current State of Teacher Professional Development
Recertification Requirements Across States
Action Research: From Research "On" to Research "With"
Lesson Study
The TIMMS Video Project
Parental Involvement and Parental Engagement
Parent Interview
Professional Organizations: NSTA
Advanced Study
Interviewing an NBCT in Your School District
Applying for Grants
If I Had $500
Student Study Site
Reflections on Science
Learning Science On-Line: On-Line Resources for Science Teaching
Appendix: The National Science Education Standards for Science Content
About the Authors
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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