9780766811669

TechOne Suspension & Steering

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780766811669

  • ISBN10:

    0766811662

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2005-07-12
  • Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning
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List Price: $171.95

Summary

Achieve the complete understanding of suspension and steering systems necessary to diagnose, service, and repair today's automobiles! TechOne: Suspension and Steering examines such need-to-know topics as tires and wheels, axle bearings, springs, shocks, struts, suspension and steering systems, power steering, wheel alignment, and more. Information has been organized into smaller, easy-to-digest chapters and includes the latest developments in suspension and steering technology to guide readers to proficiency in every NATEF task in this certification area.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
About the Author xi
Acknowledgments xii
Features of the Text xiii
SECTION 1: SAFETY AND COMMUNICATION
1(36)
Safe Work Practices
3(9)
Introduction
3(1)
Safe Work Areas
3(1)
Personal Safety
3(1)
Fire Hazards and Prevention
4(1)
Safe Tools and Equipment
5(1)
Batteries
6(1)
Accidents
7(1)
Air Bag Safety and Service Warnings
7(1)
Hazardous Materials
8(1)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
9(1)
Handling Shop Wastes
10(1)
Summary
10(1)
Review Questions
11(1)
Measuring Systems, Fasteners, and Measuring Tools
12(7)
Introduction
12(1)
Measuring Systems
12(2)
Fasteners
14(1)
Bbolt Identification
14(1)
Tightening Bolts
15(1)
Measuring Tools
15(2)
Micrometers
17(1)
Summary
18(1)
Review Questions
18(1)
Tools of the Trade
19(11)
Introduction
19(1)
Hand Tools
19(1)
Service Information and Manuals
20(1)
Power Tools
21(1)
Shop Tools
21(2)
Suspension and Steering Tools
23(6)
Summary
29(1)
Review Questions
29(1)
Working as a Suspension and Steering Specialist
30(7)
Introduction
30(1)
Compensation
30(1)
Employer-Employee Relationships
31(1)
ASE Certification
32(1)
Duties of a Suspension and Steering Specialist
33(1)
Cleaning with Chemicals
34(1)
Summary
35(1)
Review Questions
36(1)
SECTION 2: BASIC THEORIES AND SERVICES
37(68)
Basic Electrical Theory
39(9)
Introduction
39(1)
Basic Electricity
39(1)
Electrical Terms
40(1)
Electrical Circuits
40(1)
Conductors and Insulators
41(1)
Ohm's Law
41(1)
Circuit Components
41(2)
Electromagnetism Basics
43(1)
Basics of Electronics
44(2)
Summary
46(1)
Review Questions
47(1)
Basic Electrical Service
48(8)
Introduction
48(1)
Quick Overview of Electricity
48(1)
Electrical Problems
49(1)
Basic Electrical Testing
50(3)
Electrical Wiring Diagrams
53(1)
Testing Circuit Protection Devices
53(1)
Testing Switches
53(1)
Basic Electrical Repairs
54(1)
Summary
55(1)
Review Questions
55(1)
Suspension and Steering Systems
56(18)
Introduction
56(1)
Wheels and Tires
56(2)
Suspension System Components
58(3)
I-Beam Front Suspension Systems
61(1)
Short-and-Long Arm (SLA) Front Suspension Systems
61(1)
MacPherson Strut Front Suspension System Design
62(1)
Performance Front Suspension Systems
63(1)
Torsion Bar Suspensions
64(1)
Steering Systems
64(1)
Steering Linkage
64(3)
Manual Steering Gears
67(1)
Steering Wheels and Columns
68(1)
Power Steering
69(3)
Summary
72(1)
Review Questions
73(1)
Basic Theories
74(19)
Introduction
74(1)
Matter
74(1)
Energy
75(1)
Volume
76(1)
Force
76(3)
Motion
79(1)
Work
80(2)
Waves and Oscillations
82(1)
Liquids
83(2)
Gases
85(2)
Heat
87(1)
Chemical Properties
88(3)
Summary
91(1)
Review Questions
92(1)
General Suspension and Steering System Diagnosis
93(12)
Introduction
93(1)
Road Test
93(4)
Basic Inspection
97(2)
Detailed Inspection
99(3)
Power Steering
102(1)
Lubricate Suspension and Steering Systems
103(1)
Summary
103(1)
Review Questions
104(1)
SECTION 3: TIRES AND WHEELS
105(42)
Wheels
107(6)
Introduction
107(1)
Construction
107(2)
Wheel Sizes
109(1)
Wheel Offset
109(1)
Replacement Wheels
109(1)
Wheel Attachment
110(1)
Servicing Wheels
111(1)
Wheel and Tire Installation
111(1)
Summary
112(1)
Review Questions
112(1)
Tires
113(12)
Introduction
113(1)
The Construction
113(3)
Tire Ply and Belt Design
116(2)
Tire Ratings and Designations
118(2)
Specialty Tires
120(3)
Tire Placard and Inflation Pressure
123(1)
Replacement Tires
123(1)
Summary
124(1)
Review Questions
124(1)
Diagnosis of Tire Problems
125(6)
Introduction
125(1)
Tire Wear Patterns
125(1)
Tire Noises and Steering Problems
126(1)
Tire Thump and Vibrations
127(1)
Steering Pull
127(1)
Tire and Wheel Runout
128(2)
Summary
130(1)
Review Questions
130(1)
Tire and Wheel Service
131(7)
Introduction
131(1)
Wheel and Tire Removal
131(1)
Tire Rotation
131(1)
Tire and Wheel Service Precautions
132(1)
Tire Demounting
132(2)
Tire Repair
134(1)
Wheel Rim Service
135(1)
Tire Remounting Procedure
136(1)
Installation of Tire/Wheel Assembly on the Vehicle
137(1)
Tire Care
137(1)
Summary
137(1)
Review Questions
137(1)
Balancing Tire and Wheel Assemblies
138(9)
Introduction
138(1)
Tire Motion Forces
138(1)
Static Wheel Balance Theory
138(1)
Dynamic Wheel Balance Theory
139(1)
Preliminary Wheel Balancing Checks
140(1)
Static Wheel Balance Procedure
141(1)
Dynamic Wheel Balance Procedure
142(3)
Summary
145(1)
Review Questions
145(2)
SECTION 4: WHEEL AND AXLE BEARINGS
147(46)
Wheel Bearings
149(8)
Introduction
149(1)
Common Bearings
149(2)
Front-Wheel Drive (FWD) Drive Axles
151(1)
Rear-Wheel Drive (RWD) Drive Axles
152(1)
Axle Bearing Designs
152(2)
Wheel Bearings
154(1)
Seals
155(1)
Bearing Lubrication
155(1)
Summary
156(1)
Review Questions
156(1)
Diagnosis of Bearing Problems
157(6)
Introduction
157(1)
Basic Wheel and Axle Bearing Troubleshooting
157(1)
Tapered Roller Bearing Troubleshooting
158(1)
Wheel Hub Diagnosis
159(3)
Summary
162(1)
Review Questions
162(1)
Front-Wheel-Drive (FWD) Drive Axles
163(7)
Introduction
163(1)
Front Wheel Drive Axles
163(2)
Drive Axle Supports
165(1)
Types of CV Joints
165(3)
CV Joint Boots
168(1)
Summary
169(1)
Review Questions
169(1)
Diagnosing and Servicing FWD Drive Axles
170(8)
Introduction
170(1)
Talk to the Customer
170(1)
Road Test
170(1)
Visual Inspection
171(1)
CV Joint Wear
172(1)
Servicing FWD Drive Axles
172(1)
Drive Axle Removal
173(1)
Bench Inspection
174(1)
General Service Procedures
175(1)
Summary
176(1)
Review Questions
177(1)
Servicing Non-Drive Axle Bearings
178(7)
Introduction
178(1)
Bearing Removal
178(1)
Cleaning and Inspection
179(2)
Bearing Lubrication
181(1)
Bearing Replacement
182(1)
Bearing Adjustment
183(1)
Summary
184(1)
Review Questions
184(1)
Servicing Drive Axle Bearings
185(8)
Introduction
185(1)
Servicing FWD Axle Bearings
185(1)
Replacing Front Axle Bearings
186(3)
Servicing RWD Axles
189(1)
Removing Axles
189(1)
Axle Bearings
190(1)
Axle Shaft Seals
191(1)
Installing Axles
191(1)
Summary
192(1)
Review Questions
192(1)
SECTION 5: SPRINGS, SHOCKS, AND STRUTS
193(40)
Springs
195(7)
Introduction
195(1)
Spring Terminology
195(1)
Coil Springs
196(1)
Leaf Springs
197(2)
Torsion Bars
199(1)
Stabilizer Bars
200(1)
Summary
201(1)
Review Questions
201(1)
Shocks and Struts
202(8)
Introduction
202(1)
Shock Absorber Design
202(2)
Shock Absorber Operation
204(1)
Strut Design
205(2)
Electronically Controlled Shock Absorbers and Struts
207(1)
Summary
208(1)
Review Questions
209(1)
Shock and Strut Diagnosis
210(6)
Introduction
210(1)
Diagnosing Front Suspensions
210(1)
Air Shock Absorber Diagnosis
211(1)
Electronic Air Suspension System Diagnosis
212(1)
Shock Absorber or Strut Bounce Test
213(1)
Shock Absorber Visual Inspection
213(2)
Shock Absorber Manual Test
215(1)
Summary
215(1)
Review Questions
215(1)
Spring Service
216(8)
Introduction
216(1)
Effects of Weak Springs
216(1)
Selecting Replacement Springs
217(1)
Coil Springs
217(2)
Torsion Bars
219(1)
Leaf Springs
220(2)
Stabilizer Bars
222(1)
Summary
222(1)
Review Questions
223(1)
Shock and Strut Service
224(9)
Introduction
224(1)
On-Car Installation of a Strut Cartridge
224(1)
Front Strut Removal
225(2)
Strut Cartridge Replacement
227(1)
Strut Reassembly
228(1)
Strut Assembly Installation
229(1)
Strut Disposal Procedure
229(1)
Rear Strut Replacement
230(1)
Shock Absorber Replacement
230(2)
Summary
232(1)
Review Questions
232(1)
SECTION 6: SUSPENSION SYSTEMS
233(66)
Frames
235(5)
Introduction
235(1)
Frame Construction
235(2)
Vehicle Directional Stability
237(1)
Frame Checks
238(1)
Frame Straightening
239(1)
Summary
239(1)
Review Questions
239(1)
Front Suspensions
240(10)
Introduction
240(1)
Basic Operation
240(1)
Ball Joints
241(2)
Short/Long Arm Front Suspension Systems
243(2)
MacPherson Strut Front Suspension Systems
245(1)
Performance-Oriented Suspensions
246(2)
Other Front Suspension Designs
248(1)
Summary
249(1)
Review Questions
249(1)
Rear Suspensions
250(9)
Introduction
250(1)
Leaf-Spring Rear Suspension
251(1)
Coil-Spring Rear Suspension
251(2)
Semi-Independent Rear Suspension Systems
253(1)
Independent Rear Suspensions
253(4)
Summary
257(1)
Review Questions
258(1)
Computer-Controlled Suspension Systems
259(9)
Introduction
259(1)
Air Systems
259(4)
Electronically Controlled Shock Absorbers and Struts
263(4)
Summary
267(1)
Review Questions
267(1)
Front Suspension Diagnosis
268(7)
Introduction
268(1)
Road Test
268(1)
General Front-Suspension Inspection
269(1)
Detailed Inspection
270(1)
Ball Joints
271(2)
Summary
273(1)
Review Questions
274(1)
Front Suspension Service
275(7)
Introduction
275(1)
Steering Knuckles
275(1)
Ball Joints
276(1)
Control Arms
277(2)
Control Arm Bushings
279(1)
Strut Rods
280(1)
Summary
281(1)
Review Questions
281(1)
Rear Suspension Diagnosis
282(4)
Introduction
282(1)
Diagnosis
282(1)
Lower Control Arm and Ball Joint Diagnosis
283(1)
Track Bar Diagnosis
284(1)
Tie Rod Inspection
284(1)
Summary
285(1)
Review Questions
285(1)
Rear Suspension Service
286(4)
Introduction
286(1)
Lower Control Arm and Ball Joints
286(3)
Track Bar Replacement
289(1)
Tie Rod Replacement
289(1)
Summary
289(1)
Review Questions
289(1)
Electronic Suspension Service
290(9)
Introduction
290(1)
Preliminary Inspection
290(1)
Air Systems
290(4)
Electronically Controlled Shock Absorbers and Struts
294(3)
Summary
297(1)
Review Questions
297(2)
SECTION 7: STEERING SYSTEMS
299(56)
Steering Columns and Linkages
301(8)
Introduction
301(1)
Steering Wheels and Columns
301(3)
Steering Linkages
304(4)
Summary
308(1)
Review Questions
308(1)
Manual Steering Gears
309(6)
Introduction
309(1)
Recirculating Ball Steering
310(2)
Worm and Roller Gears
312(1)
Rack-and-Pinion Steering Gears
312(2)
Summary
314(1)
Review Questions
314(1)
Steering System Diagnosis
315(9)
Introduction
315(1)
Visual Inspection
316(2)
Rack and Pinion Steering
318(2)
Reciprocating Ball Steering Gears
320(2)
Summary
322(1)
Review Questions
322(2)
Air Bag Service
324(6)
Introduction
324(1)
Electrical System Components
324(3)
Air Bag Module
327(1)
Diagnosis
327(1)
Servicing the Air Bag System
327(2)
Summary
329(1)
Review Questions
329(1)
Steering Column and Linkage Service
330(6)
Introduction
330(1)
Steering Wheel
330(1)
Steering Columns
331(1)
Steering Linkages
332(3)
Summary
335(1)
Review Questions
335(1)
Recirculating Ball Steering Gear Service
336(5)
Introduction
336(1)
Removal and Replacement
336(1)
Disassembly and Reassembly
337(1)
Adjustments
338(2)
Summary
340(1)
Review Questions
340(1)
Rack-and-Pinion Steering Service
341(6)
Introduction
341(1)
Steering Gear Removal and Replacement
342(1)
Manual Rack-and-Pinion Steering Gear Disassembly
343(2)
Manual Rack and Pinion Steering Gear Assembly
345(1)
Summary
346(1)
Review Questions
346(1)
Four-Wheel Steering Systems
347(8)
Introduction
347(1)
Four-Wheel Steering Theory
347(1)
Mechanical 4WS
348(1)
Hydraulic 4WS
349(1)
Electro/Hydraulic 4WS
349(2)
Electronic/Electrical 4WS
351(1)
Fail-Safe Programs
352(1)
Four-Wheel Steering Service
352(1)
Road Test
353(1)
Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Retrieval
353(1)
Sensors
354(1)
Summary
354(1)
Review Questions
354(1)
SECTION 8: POWER STEERING
355(50)
Power Steering Designs
357(7)
Introduction
357(1)
Types of Power-Assisted Steering Systems
357(2)
Main Components
359(1)
Power Recirculating Ball Steering Gears
360(2)
Power Rack-and-Pinion Steering Gears
362(1)
Summary
363(1)
Review Questions
363(1)
Power Steering Pumps
364(4)
Introduction
364(1)
Power Steering Pump Drive Belts
364(1)
Power Steering Pump Designs
365(1)
Power Steering Pump Operation
366(1)
Summary
367(1)
Review Questions
367(1)
Electronic Steering Systems
368(6)
Introduction
368(1)
Electronically Controlled Power-Steering Systems
368(2)
Electronic Variable Orifice Steering
370(1)
Electric/Electronic Rack-and-Pinion System
371(2)
Summary
373(1)
Review Questions
373(1)
General Diagnosis and Service of Power Steering Systems
374(7)
Introduction
374(1)
Diagnosis of Power Steering Systems
374(1)
Power Steering Pump Belt Service
375(3)
Power Steering Pump Fluid Service
378(1)
Checking and Servicing Power Steering Lines and Hoses
379(1)
Summary
380(1)
Review Questions
380(1)
Pump Diagnosis and Service
381(6)
Introduction
381(1)
Testing Power Steering Pump Pressure
381(2)
Power Steering Pump Replacement
383(1)
Power Steering Pump Service
383(3)
Summary
386(1)
Review Questions
386(1)
Recirculating Ball Power Steering Service
387(5)
Introduction
387(1)
Gear Diagnosis
387(1)
Power Recirculating Ball Steering Gear Replacement
387(1)
Gear Adjustments
388(1)
Steering Gear Service
389(1)
Summary
390(1)
Review Questions
391(1)
Rack-and-Pinion Power Steering Service
392(7)
Introduction
392(1)
Diagnosis
392(2)
Power Rack-and-Pinion Steering Gear Disassembly
394(1)
Power Rack-and-Pinion Steering Gear Parts Inspection
395(1)
Power Rack-and-Pinion Steering Gear Assembly
396(2)
Summary
398(1)
Review Questions
398(1)
Diagnosis and Service of Electronic Steering
399(6)
Introduction
399(1)
Computers
399(2)
Diagnosis of Computer Voltage Supply and Ground Wires
401(1)
Testing Input Sensors
402(1)
Testing Actuators
403(1)
Summary
404(1)
Review Questions
404(1)
SECTION 9: WHEEL ALIGNMENT
405(32)
Alignment Geometry
407(9)
Introduction
407(1)
Road Variables
407(2)
Camber Fundamentals
409(1)
Caster Fundamentals
410(1)
Steering Axis Inclination (SAI)
411(1)
Toe
412(1)
Other Considerations
413(1)
Rear-Wheel Alignment
414(1)
Summary
415(1)
Review Questions
415(1)
Pre-Alignment Diagnosis and Inspection
416(5)
Introduction
416(1)
Road Test
416(2)
Prealignment Inspection
418(2)
Summary
420(1)
Review Questions
420(1)
Four-Wheel Alignment
421(16)
Introduction
421(1)
Preliminary Procedure
421(2)
Wheel Alignment Screens
423(3)
Four-Wheel Alignment
426(5)
Rear Suspension Adjustments
431(3)
Summary
434(1)
Review Questions
434(3)
APPENDICES
437(9)
Appendix A ASE Practice Exam for Suspension and Steering Systems
437(4)
Appendix B NATEF Correlations
441(2)
Appendix C USCS and Metric Conversions
443(1)
Appendix D Fractions of Inches to Decimal and Metric Equivalents
444(1)
Appendix E General Torque Specifications
445(1)
Bilingual Glossary 446(21)
Index 467

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