Television: Critical Methods and Applications

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-11-17
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Televisionis developed for the television criticism course in media studies and communication studies curricula, explaining how television programs and commercials are made, and how they function as producers of meaning. Author Jeremy Butler demonstrates the ways in which cinematography and videography, acting, lighting, set design, editing, and sound combine to produce meanings that viewers take away from their television experience. This popular text teaches students to read between the lines, encouraging them to incorporate critical thinking into their own television viewing. Televisionprovides essential critical and historical context, explaining how various critical methods have been applied to the medium, such as genre study, ideological criticism, and cultural studies. Hundreds of illustrations from familiar television programs introduce the reader to the varied ways in which television goes about telling stories, presenting news, and selling products.. Highlights of this fourth edition include: new organization to reflect current approach to teaching television discussions of technology integrated throughout a wide variety of examples, including recent television shows expanded discussion of cultural issues a companion website with links to video web sites to support examples in the text, color frame grabs, and materials for instructors With its distinctive approach to examining television, this text is appropriate for courses in television studies, media criticism, and general critical studies.

Author Biography

Jeremy G. Butler is Professor of Telecommunication and Film at the University of Alabama. He has taught television, film, and new media courses since 1980 and is active in online educational resources for television and film studies.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xvii
Television Structures and Systemsp. 1
An Introduction to Television Structures and Systems: Ebb and Flow in the Postnetwork Erap. 3
Television's Not-So-Distant Past: The Network Erap. 4
Polysemy, Heterogeneity, Contradictionp. 6
Interruption and Sequencep. 12
Segmentationp. 13
Halting the Flow: Television in the Postnetwork Erap. 13
Summaryp. 17
Further Readingsp. 18
Narrative Structure: Television Storiesp. 21
The Theatrical Filmp. 22
The Television Seriesp. 33
The Television Serialp. 41
Transmedia Storytellingp. 48
Summaryp. 51
Further Readingsp. 51
Building Narrative: Character, Actor, Starp. 55
Building Charactersp. 57
Building Performancesp. 65
The Star System?p. 80
Summaryp. 92
Further Readingsp. 92
Beyond and Beside Narrative Structurep. 97
Television's Realityp. 98
Television's Reality: Forms and Modesp. 101
Television's Reality: Genresp. 113
Summaryp. 142
Further Readingsp. 142
. The Television Commercialp. 149
U.S. TV's Economic Structurep. 150
The Polysemy of Commoditiesp. 159
The Persuasive Style of Commercialsp. 176
Summary: "Capitalism in Action"p. 204
Further Readingsp. 205
Television Style: Image and Soundp. 209
An Introduction to Television Style: Modes of Productionp. 211
Single-Camera Mode of Productionp. 213
Multiple-Camera Mode of Productionp. 218
Hybrid Modes of Productionp. 222
Summaryp. 224
Further Readingsp. 224
Style and Setting: Mise-en-Scenep. 227
Set Designp. 227
Costume Designp. 240
Lighting Designp. 240
Actor Movementp. 248
Summaryp. 249
Further Readingsp. 250
Style and the Camera: Videography and Cinematographyp. 253
Basic Optics: The Camera Lensp. 254
Image Definition and Resolutionp. 261
Color and Black-and-Whitep. 269
Framingp. 270
In-Camera Visual Effectsp. 288
Summaryp. 290
Further Readingsp. 291
Style and Editingp. 293
The Single-Camera Mode of Productionp. 293
The Multiple-Camera Mode of Productionp. 314
Continuity Editing and Hybrid Modes of Productionp. 319
Summaryp. 321
Further Readingsp. 322
Style and Soundp. 325
Types of Television Soundp. 326
Purposes of Sound on Televisionp. 335
Acoustic Properties and Sound Technologyp. 341
Space, Time, and Narrativep. 350
Summaryp. 353
Further Readingsp. 354
Television Studiesp. 357
An Introduction to Television Studiesp. 359
Critical Research and Televisionp. 360
Further Readingsp. 363
Textual Analysisp. 367
Television Authorshipp. 367
Style and Stylisticsp. 370
Genre Studyp. 375
Semioticsp. 381
Summaryp. 390
Further Readingsp. 391
Discourse and Identityp. 395
Ideological Criticism and Cultural Studiesp. 395
The Discourse of the Industry I: Production Studiesp. 403
The Discourse of the Industry II: Political Economyp. 406
Discourse and Identity I: Genderp. 410
Discourse and Identity II: Queer Theoryp. 416
Discourse and Identity III: Race and Ethnicityp. 418
Summaryp. 421
Further Readingsp. 422
Sample Analyses and Exercisesp. 429
Mass Communication Researchp. 435
Glossaryp. 445
Indexp. 473
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