Ten Theories of Human Nature

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2004-02-12
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Over three previous editions, Ten Theories of Human Nature has been a remarkably popular introduction to some of the most influential developments in Western and Eastern thought. This thoroughly revised fourth edition features substantial new chapters on Aristotle and on evolutionary theories of human nature; the latter centers on Edward O. Wilson but also outlines the ideas of Emile Durkheim, B. F. Skinner, Nikolaas Tinbergen, Konrad Lorenz, Noam Chomsky, and recent evolutionary psychology. This edition also includes a rewritten introduction that invites readers (even if inclined toward fundamentalism or cultural relativism) to careful, critical thought about human nature; a useful new section that summarizes the history of ideas from the Stoics to the Enlightenment; and a new conclusion that suggests a way to synthesize the various theories.

Author Biography

David L. Haberman is Professor and Chair of Religious Studies at Indiana University at Bloomington.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Introduction: Rival Theories and Critical Assessments 1(9)
Chapter 1 Confucianism: The Way of the Sages 10(37)
by David L. Haberman
Chapter 2 Upanishadic Hinduism: Quest for Ultimate Knowledge
by David L. Haberman
Chapter 3 The Bible: Humanity in Relation to God 47(22)
Chapter 4 Plato: The Rule of Reason 69(18)
Chapter 5 Aristotle: The Ideal of Human Fulfillment 87(32)
Historical Interlude
Chapter 6 Kant: Reasons and Causes, History and Religion 119(19)
Chapter 7 Marx: The Economic Basis of Human Societies 138(18)
Chapter 8 Freud: The Unconscious Basis of Mind 156(20)
Chapter 9 Sartre: Radical Freedom 176(20)
Chapter 10 Darwinian Theories of Human Nature 196(40)
Conclusion: Toward a Synthesis of the Theories? 236(11)
Index 247

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