Therapeutic Recreation Program Design Principles and Procedures

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-02-21
  • Publisher: VENTURE PUB
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Therapeutic Recreation Program Designuses the most up-to-date information and powerful study tools to help readers learn how to synthesize different elements of therapeutic recreation into one cohesive program. TheFifth Edition features an improved organization that guides students through the theory and practice of therapeutic recreation programming in a way that fully prepares them to work effectively in the industry.Conceptual Foundations: The Basis for Service Development and Delivery, The Leisure Ability Model, Therapeutic Recreation Services: Important Considerations, Therapeutic Recreation Accountability Model, Comprehensive Program Design, Specific Program Design, Activity Analysis, Activity Selection and Implementation, Treatment and Diagnostic Protocols, Client Assessment, Client Documentation, Program and Client Evaluation, Professionalism and Accountability: Challenges for the Future.Intended for those interested in learning the basics of therapeutic recreation program design.

Author Biography

Norma Stumbo is a respected author and educator at the leading edge of the therapeutic recreation field, and has been the lead author on Therapeutic Recreation Program Design since the third edition. She boasts the highest name recognition in the world in the TR field. A prolific writer and researcher, Stumbo has received numerous awards throughout her career, such as the Presidential Citation from the National Therapeutic Recreation Society (2006), the Jorndt Outstanding Graduate Student/Faculty Mentor Award (Illinois State University, 2004), and the Outstanding University Researcher Award (Illinois State University, 1998). She taught for more than two decades at Illinois State University and is currently coordinating a National Science Foundation grant at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.


Carol Peterson is another universally-known name in the field of therapeutic recreation. She has spent over 20 years as a university faculty member in the discipline. Her text, Therapeutic Recreation Program Design, is considered the Bible of therapeutic recreation. She is a founding member of the American Therapeutic Recreation Association and was president of the National Therapeutic Recreation Society from 1980-81. She is the former Dean of the College of Human Performance and Development at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. She is now retired, but is actively engaged in professional development of current TR practitioners through workshops and presentations.


Table of Contents

Forewordp. ix
Prefacep. xi
Conceptual Foundations: The Basis for Service Development and Deliveryp. 1
Health, Wellness, and Quality of Lifep. 2
Leisure-Related Concepts and Benefitsp. 5
The Concept of Leisure Lifestylep. 13
Concepts Related to Leisure Behaviorp. 16
Summaryp. 22
Discussion Questionsp. 22
Referencesp. 23
The Leisure Ability Modelp. 27
Services Based on Client Needsp. 27
Rationale for Therapeutic Recreation Servicesp. 28
Clients of Therapeutic Recreation Servicesp. 30
Therapeutic Recreation Service Settingsp. 31
The Leisure Ability Modelp. 33
A Client-Oriented Approach to Therapeutic Recreationp. 35
Functional Intervention as a Component of Therapeutic Recreation Servicep. 36
Leisure Education as a Component of Therapeutic Recreation Servicep. 42
Recreation Participation as a Component of Therapeutic Recreation Servicep. 62
Examples of the Leisure Ability Model in Practicep. 68
Leisure Ability as a Holistic Approachp. 69
Leisure Ability as an Outcomep. 70
Summaryp. 70
Discussion Questionsp. 71
Referencesp. 71
Important Aspects of Therapeutic Recreation Servicesp. 73
Accountability for Therapeutic Recreation Service Provisionp. 73
Client Outcomesp. 74
Intervention as a Means for Creating and Measuring Client Changep. 79
Systematic Program Designp. 80
Therapeutic Recreation Intervention "Best Practices"p. 82
Systems Design and Therapeutic Recreation Interventionp. 85
Summaryp. 87
Discussion Questionsp. 87
Referencesp. 88
Therapeutic Recreation Accountability Modelp. 91
Factors Affecting Service Accountabilityp. 91
The Therapeutic Recreation Accountability Modelp. 95
Summaryp. 103
Discussion Questionsp. 104
Referencesp. 104
Comprehensive Program Designp. 107
Client Needs and Outcomesp. 107
Benefits of Comprehensive and Specific Program Designp. 109
Therapeutic Recreation Program Planning Modelp. 109
Other Comprehensive Program Documentation Issuesp. 132
Summaryp. 136
Discussion Questionsp. 137
Referencesp. 137
Specific Program Designp. 139
The Program Planp. 142
The Implementation Planp. 164
The Implementation Descriptionp. 172
Summaryp. 174
Discussion Questionsp. 175
Referencesp. 175
Activity Analysisp. 176
Benefits of Activity Analysisp. 178
Overview of Activity Analysisp. 180
Principles of Activity Analysisp. 181
The Activity Analysis Rating Formp. 181
Using the Activity Analysis Rating Formp. 198
Activity Selection Factorsp. 199
Activity Modificationp. 200
Task Analysisp. 206
Summaryp. 208
Discussion Questionsp. 208
Referencesp. 208
Activity Selection and Implementationp. 209
Client Outcomesp. 209
Therapeutic Recreation Specialist Competenciesp. 212
Factors Influencing Selection of Activitiesp. 213
Examples of Activity Selectionp. 222
Selecting Activities Based on Client Goalsp. 224
Selecting Client Goals Based on Activitiesp. 225
Activity Resourcesp. 226
Summaryp. 227
Discussion Questionsp. 227
Treatment and Diagnostic Protocolsp. 228
The Need for Standardized and Evidence-Based Practicep. 228
Related Terminologyp. 230
Advantages of Standardized Protocolsp. 232
Types of Protocolsp. 234
Protocols in Therapeutic Recreation Servicesp. 234
Intervention/Treatment Protocolsp. 235
Diagnostic Protocolsp. 237
Relationship of Protocols to Program Design, Client Assessment, and Client Outcomesp. 240
Trends in TR Protocol Developmentp. 246
Summaryp. 246
Discussion Questionsp. 246
Referencesp. 247
Client Assessmentp. 249
Purposes and Uses of Assessmentp. 249
Definition of Client Assessmentp. 251
Principles of Therapeutic Recreation Client Assessmentp. 251
Relationship between Client Assessment and Program Placementp. 254
Cultural Competence in Client Assessmentp. 257
Computerized Client Assessmentp. 258
Assessment as a Measurement Toolp. 259
Client Assessment as a Systematic Processp. 268
The Assessment Planning Processp. 269
The Assessment Implementation Processp. 283
Issues Surrounding Client Assessmentp. 292
Thoughts about Activity Interest Inventoriesp. 294
Examples of Commercial Therapeutic Recreation Assessmentsp. 294
Summaryp. 296
Discussion Questionsp. 297
Referencesp. 298
Client Documentationp. 300
Types of Documentationp. 300
Rationale for Quality Documentationp. 302
Electronic Health Recordsp. 306
Basic Types of Client Documentationp. 307
Principles of Quality Client Documentationp. 307
Common Methods of Chartingp. 311
Treatment Plansp. 319
Progress Notesp. 340
Discharge and Referral Summariesp. 346
Incident Reportsp. 347
Summaryp. 348
Discussion Questionsp. 349
Referencesp. 350
Program and Client Evaluationp. 351
Evaluation as a Management Toolp. 351
Definition of Evaluationp. 352
A Generic Evaluation Design Modelp. 354
Client Evaluationp. 362
Specific Program Evaluationp. 367
Comprehensive Program Evaluationp. 373
Efficacy Researchp. 380
Summaryp. 382
Discussion Questionsp. 382
Referencesp. 383
Professionalism and Accountability: Challenges for the Futurep. 386
Useful Resourcesp. 391
Summaryp. 397
Discussion Questionsp. 397
Referencesp. 397
Relaxation: A Program Systemp. 398
Social Behaviors: A Program Systemp. 434
Therapeutic Recreation Assessment Instrumentsp. 454
Common Medical Abbreviationsp. 461
Glossaryp. 468
Indexp. 475
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