Understanding the Global Experience: Becoming a Responsible World Citizen

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-08-16
  • Publisher: Routledge

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This cross-disciplinary anthology of contemporary global issues explores a number of topics and methodologies critical to developing responsible world citizenship.Globalism, Globalization, Culture, Environmentalism, Western Imperialism, Global Media and News; Global Media and News.For anyone wishing to better understand globalization and its impact.

Author Biography

The authors are all faculty members in the liberal arts and sciences at Elon University in North Carolina. They share teaching responsibilities for a course called Undertstanding the Global Experience that is required of all first-year students.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xv
Editors' Notep. xix
Approaches to Studying the World Todayp. 1
Beyond the Pledge of Allegiance: Becoming a Responsible World Citizenp. 3
Prelude to What May Be a Surprising Chapterp. 3
Some Preliminary Thoughts on Being and Becoming a Global Citizenp. 4
An Inconvenient Truth: We May Be More Racist and Xenophobic than Is Pleasant to Admitp. 6
Patriotism, Nationalism, Ethnocentrism, and Racism: All Points on the Same Spectrum?p. 8
One Good Thing about Sputnik: The Unlikely Catalyst Creating a Global Communityp. 11
Crushed Chickpeas, Academic Freedom, and the Blind Machinep. 14
Does Fire Purge Us of Our Racism? Some Thoughts from Evolutionary Psychologyp. 16
A Model for How To Proceed as a Global Citizenp. 18
How Will the Rest of This Book Help You Embrace Your Role as a "Global Citizen?"p. 20
Approaches to Studying the World Todayp. 20
Topics in Global Studiesp. 21
The Joy of Culture: A Beginner's Guide to Understanding and Appreciating Cultural Diversityp. 26
What is Culture?: Perspectives and Practices of Daily Lifep. 26
The Importance of Understanding and Appreciating Other Culturesp. 28
Culture Change and Global Impactsp. 28
An Increase in Cultural Diversity: The United States and the Worldp. 30
Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativismp. 31
Ethnocentrismp. 31
Cultural Relativism: A Means of Overcoming Ethnocentrismp. 33
Further Explorations of Culture: The Disciplines of Anthropology and Sociologyp. 34
Culture Defined in More Detail: The History of a Definitionp. 35
The Characteristics of Culturep. 36
The Elements of Culturep. 38
Institutions: Culture and Everyday Lifep. 41
Putting It All Together: The Web of Culturep. 43
Reading, Writing, and Researching the Global Experiencep. 49
Reading for a Global Perspectivep. 50
Photo Analysis: The Way You Werep. 50
Comparative News Readingp. 52
Reading: Listen and Respondp. 54
"Overstanding" a Nonfiction Text: Reflective Questioningp. 58
Using Tagmemics: Atomizing and Contextualizingp. 59
Rabbi Arthur Waskow: "Can America Learn from Shabbat?"p. 59
Generating Questions in Responsive Readingp. 63
E. Benjamin Skinner: "A World Enslaved"p. 63
Researching and Writing for a Global Perspectivep. 68
Preliminary Research: Finding Books and Articlesp. 69
Reference Booksp. 69
Catalogues and Databasesp. 69
Fieldwork and Visual Evidencep. 71
Conducting Interviewsp. 71
Recording Observationsp. 71
Administering Questionnaires or Surveysp. 72
Forming and Arguing a Thesisp. 72
Family Immigration Research Projectp. 73
Numbers and the Worldp. 75
Mistakes Were Madep. 75
The Real Worldp. 76
Ignoring Numberp. 78
Applications: Using Numerical Information to Help Understand the Worldp. 79
Numerical Information: A Limitationp. 80
Basics: Understanding the Fundamentals of Nations via Numbersp. 81
The Landp. 81
The Peoplep. 82
The Faithfulp. 84
Powerp. 84
Mighty Economiesp. 84
Military Musclep. 86
Quality of Lifep. 89
Moneyp. 89
Long Lifep. 92
Increased Complexityp. 93
Good Governmentp. 94
Putting It All Togetherp. 96
The Environmentp. 96
The Condition of the Planetp. 96
A Primary Offenderp. 98
The Disappearance of Speciesp. 100
People and More Peoplep. 100
Environmental Responsibilityp. 101
Observationsp. 101
Return to Boratp. 104
Problemsp. 104
Concluding Remarksp. 106
Reading World Literature to Read the World: Literature and the Global Studentp. 109
World Literature and World Affairs: Looking for Parallelsp. 109
Globalization: Not Just about Free Trade, Tariffs and Cotton Subsidiesp. 111
Navigating the Map of World Literature: Not Continents and Countries, but Genres and Modesp. 113
Interpreting Individual Works: The Historical and Cultural Critic's Broad Perspective on Finding Meaningp. 115
One Example: The Tempestp. 115
Other Familiar Examples of Literature as Purveyors of "History" or "Culture": Huckleberry Finn, Heart of Darkness, A Modest Proposalp. 116
The Interpreter's Choice: Being an Intelligent Critic of World Literaturep. 117
Classifying and Theorizing the Various Relationships between Literature and the Worldp. 118
Literature as Mirrorp. 118
Literature as Commentatorp. 118
Literature as Participant and Shaperp. 119
Literature as Alternative or Subversive Historyp. 120
Global Studies Topics in a Novel, a Poem, and a Short Story: The Global Experience through Literaturep. 122
Novel: Khaled Hosseini's The Kite Runnerp. 122
Poetry: Steve Chimombo's "Developments From the Grave"p. 124
Short Story: Kojo Laing's "Vacancy for the Post of Jesus Christ"p. 127
Nonfiction: The Essay, Nature Writing, the Blogp. 130
Conclusionp. 131
Global Media and Global News: A Guide to Decoding and Analyzing Informationp. 138
Introduction: Information Everywhere, but Not a Drop to Drink?p. 138
Defining Mass Communication and the Mass Media: The Great Global News Systemp. 139
Mass Media: World-Wide Roles and Responsibilities, and the Limits of Freedomp. 139
Ownership and Ownership Patternsp. 140
Ownership, Culture, and Ideological Shapingp. 141
Gatekeeping in Mass Mediap. 142
The Individual and the System: i-media and u-reportp. 147
The Product Itself: News or Infotainment?p. 148
What Is News?p. 148
Elements of Newsp. 149
Don't Be Fooled: Reading the Mass Media Intelligentlyp. 149
Steps to Analyzing and Understanding News: Critical Thinking-A Strategy for All Seasonsp. 149
Applying Critical Thinkingp. 151
Conclusionp. 156
Topics in Global Studiesp. 161
Environmentalism Gone Wild: The Great Green Mobilization and Beyondp. 163
Environmentalism Evolvesp. 164
The Mobilizationp. 165
Debating the Mobilizationp. 166
What Would Thoreau Do?p. 168
Trapped in a Systemp. 169
Whole-Systems Designp. 170
Earth in Flowp. 172
Yes, We Can!p. 174
Religion Gone Wildp. 176
Western Imperialism and Its Legaciesp. 180
Chapter Overviewp. 181
The Old Colonial System from the Late Fifteenth to the Early Nineteenth Centuriesp. 182
Motives for the New Imperialism in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuriesp. 184
Africa Partitionedp. 186
Colonial Policies and Their Legaciesp. 188
Imperialism in Asiap. 189
Indiap. 190
Southeast Asiap. 191
Chinap. 192
Japanp. 194
Neocolonialism in the Caribbean and Central Americap. 194
The Middle East and the League of Nations Mandatesp. 196
Revolution in Asia and Africa: Dismantling Empires after 1945p. 198
Asiap. 199
Africap. 200
Looking at the World Through a Gendered Lens: Feminism and Global Studiesp. 205
Defining Feminismp. 205
The Conceptual Tools of Feminism and Global Studiesp. 208
The Social Construction of Genderp. 209
Gender and Other Social Factorsp. 210
The Male Genericp. 211
The Devaluing of the Femininep. 212
Deploying Feminism's Conceptual Tools Around the World: Some Examplesp. 213
Female Genital Cuttingp. 213
Agriculturep. 217
HIV/AIDSp. 219
Fill in the Blankp. 222
Conclusionp. 223
Use and Abuse: Drugs and Drug Commerce in a Global Contextp. 229
Drugs around the World: The Challenge of Cultural Relativismp. 229
Drugs Have Shaped Culture, Just as Culture Has Shaped Drug Usep. 233
Peyote and the Native American Churchp. 233
Caffeine and the Eight-to-Five Workdayp. 234
Drug Prohibition in the United Statesp. 235
Race, Social Class, and Drug Legislationp. 237
Drugs and Relationships Between Culturesp. 239
Europeans Discover Coca and Tobaccop. 240
China, Great Britain, and Opiump. 242
U.S. Foreign Policy in the Twentieth Centuryp. 243
Drug Proxy Armies and Foreign Policyp. 248
Conclusionp. 249
Navigating Religion in the Global Contextp. 252
Introductionp. 252
The Disappearing God: Is Religion Relevant in the Western World?p. 253
Shaping Our Inner and Outer Worldsp. 255
The intersection of religion and culturep. 255
Religion's special power: transcendent command and the realm of the absolutep. 256
When Worlds Come Undonep. 258
Worlds Colliding: When Religions Conflictp. 259
The Ottoman Empire and the European Powersp. 260
Iran and Islamp. 261
Iraq and Islamp. 262
Resistance Is No Respecter of Religionsp. 263
Israel: Judaism, Christianity & Islamp. 263
Latin America and Liberation Theologyp. 264
In the African Context: Nigeria and Darfurp. 265
Is There a Way Forward?p. 267
World Religious and secular forces still at oddsp. 268
The need for negotiation and the example of Northern Irelandp. 268
Using the model of the Good Friday Agreement in other parts of the worldp. 269
Global Politics and Global Issues: Where Do You Fit?p. 273
States as Political Actorsp. 274
Rules and Organizations for the Engagement of Statesp. 276
Non-state Political Actorsp. 277
Organizations for Non-state Actorsp. 277
Key Concepts Related to Cooperation and Conflict: Interests, Ideas, Perceptions, and Powerp. 279
International Law-Its Range and Limitationsp. 281
State Dominance in International Lawp. 282
International Law and Non-state Actorsp. 282
The Role of Theory in International Relationsp. 285
Realism and Liberalismp. 285
Constructivism and Feminismp. 286
The United States in the World Todayp. 287
The Politics of Addressing Pressing Global Problems and Pursuing Global Opportunitiesp. 289
Communication and Making Connectionsp. 290
Your Place in Global Politics-or the "Who Cares?" Questionp. 291
"Jihad vs. McWorld": Benjamin R. Barber Revisitedp. 294
Introduction: Finding Frameworks for the World's Multeity and Unity, Change and Stasisp. 294
Barber's "Jihad vs. McWorld"p. 294
The Presocraticsp. 295
Friedman, Sachs, Stiglitz, Soros, Ritzerp. 295
Hegelp. 296
"McDonaldization" and "Flattening"p. 297
Locating "Jihad" and "McWorld"p. 299
The Wars in Afghanistan and Iraqp. 301
China and the Olympics: Beijing, Summer 2008p. 303
Zambia: A Personal Experiencep. 304
Zimbabwe: Tribalism Dial Set at "Self-Destruct"?p. 306
Namibia Since Independence: Beyond Jihad and McWorld?p. 306
Talking Pointsp. 307
Exporting Democracyp. 307
The Successes and Failures of McWorldp. 308
The Successes and Failures of Jihadp. 308
Can We Do As Well As Barber, Friedman, et al.? Some Student Voicesp. 310
Last Thoughts about Our Need for Other People's Interpretive Perspectives in the Field of Global Studiesp. 312
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