Understanding Nursing Research Reading and Using Research in Evidence-Based Practice

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2006-12-07
  • Publisher: LWW
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Focused around the facts you need to use research, not conduct research, this unique learning text examines nursing research from the student's perspective-answering critical questions about study methods, samples, findings, and analysis. Using this approach, you'll examine each section of a typical research report-beginning with the conclusions-with expert guidance that highlights the relevance of each section to evidence-based practice.

Table of Contents

Evidence-Based Nursing: Using Research in Practicep. 1
Introductionp. 2
Questions for Patient Carep. 3
Developing an Effective Clinical Questionp. 6
Published Abstract: What Would You Conclude?p. 16
Systematic Reviews in Evidence-Based Nursingp. 17
Summaryp. 18
The Research Process: Components and Language of Research Reportsp. 20
Introductionp. 21
The Language of Researchp. 22
Components of Published Research Reportsp. 23
Research Reports and the Research Processp. 34
Summary of the Research Process Contrasted to the Research Reportp. 38
Published Report-What Did You Conclude?p. 43
Summaryp. 45
Discussion and Conclusionsp. 48
The End of a Research Report-Discussions and Conclusionsp. 49
Discussionsp. 50
Conclusionsp. 56
Common Errors in Research Reportsp. 59
Critically Reading Discussion and Conclusion Sections of Reportsp. 61
Published Reports-What Would You Conclude?p. 63
Descriptive Resultsp. 65
Differentiating Description From Inferencep. 66
Understanding the Language of Results Sectionsp. 68
Connecting Results That Describe to Conclusionsp. 83
Common Errors in the Reports of Descriptive Resultsp. 83
Critically Reading Results Sections of Research Reportsp. 85
Published Report-What Would You Conclude?p. 86
Inferential Resultsp. 88
The Purpose of Inferential Statisticsp. 89
Probability and Significancep. 91
Parametric and Nonparametric Statisticsp. 94
Bivariate and Multivariate Testsp. 95
Hypothesis Testingp. 106
In-Class Study Datap. 107
Connecting Inferential Statistical Results to Conclusionsp. 108
Common Errors in Results Sectionsp. 109
Critically Reading the Results Section of a Report-Revisitedp. 111
Published Report-What Would You Conclude?p. 112
Samplesp. 114
Samples Versus Populationsp. 116
Sampling in Qualitative Researchp. 119
Sampling in Quantitative Researchp. 123
Differences in Qualitative and Quantitative Samplingp. 132
Problems With the Sampling Processp. 133
Problems With Sampling Outcomesp. 135
Common Errors in Reports of Samplesp. 138
Connecting Sampling to the Study Results and Conclusionsp. 139
Critically Reading the Sample Section of Research Reportsp. 140
Published Reports-Would You Change Your Practice?p. 143
Sampling Errors and Ethics: What Can Go Wrong?p. 145
Which Nursing Actions Are Research and Require Special Ethical Consideration?p. 146
Informed Consentp. 147
Critically Reading Reports of Sampling and Recognizing Common Errorsp. 157
Published Reports-What Do They Say About Consent and the Sampling Process?p. 158
Data Collection Methodsp. 160
Revisiting Study Variablesp. 161
Methods for Constructing the Meaning of Variables in Qualitative Researchp. 166
Errors in Data Collection in Qualitative Researchp. 170
Methods to Measure Variables in Quantitative Researchp. 173
Errors in Data Collection in Quantitative Researchp. 179
Common Errors in Written Reports of Data Collection Methodsp. 188
Critically Reading Methods Sections of Research Reportsp. 189
Connecting Data Collection Methods to Sampling, Results, and Discussion/Conclusionp. 190
Published Reports-Would You Use These Studies in Clinical Practice?p. 191
Research Designs: Planning the Studyp. 193
Research Designs: Why Are They Important?p. 194
Qualitative Research Designsp. 203
Quantitative Research Designsp. 209
How Can One Get the Wrong Design for the Right Question?p. 217
Common Errors in Published Reports of Research Designsp. 221
Published Reports-Did Design Affect Your Conclusion?p. 221
Critically Reading the Description of the Study Design in a Research Reportp. 222
Background and the Research Problemp. 226
Sources of Problems for Researchp. 227
Background Section of Research Reportsp. 229
Literature Review Sections of Research Reportsp. 234
Linking the Literature Review to the Study Designp. 242
Published Reports-Has the Case Been Made for the Research Study?p. 243
Common Errors in Reports of the Background and Literature Reviewp. 244
Critically Reading Background and Literature Review Sections of a Research Reportp. 246
The Research Processp. 250
The Research Processp. 251
Research Process Contrasted to the Research Reportp. 263
Factors That Affect the Research Processp. 265
Generating Knowledge Can Be Fun!p. 267
Published Reports-What Do You Conclude Now?p. 269
The Role of Research in Nursingp. 271
History of Nursing Researchp. 272
Linking Theory, Education, and Practice With Researchp. 274
Evidence-Based Practice: Pros and Consp. 277
Quality Improvement: Framed Within the Research Processp. 280
Where Are We Going? Roles of Nurses in Researchp. 282
Finding Answers Through Researchp. 283
Fictional Article: What Would You Conclude?p. 286
Research Articlesp. 291
Motherhood in the Context of Maternal HIV Infectionp. 292
Complex Physical and Mental Health Needs of Rural - Incarcerated Womenp. 305
Correlates of Recovery Among Older Adults After Major Abdominal Surgeryp. 317
Evolution of the Caregiving Experience in the Initial 2 Years Following Strokep. 327
Needs of Family Members of Patients with Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Implications for Evidence-Based Practicep. 341
Efficacy of an In-Home Nursing Intervention Following Short-Stay Breast Cancer Surgeryp. 353
Feeling Safe: The Psychosocial Needs of ICU Patientsp. 363
Qualitative Evaluation of a School-Based Support Group for Adolescents with an Addicted Parentp. 372
Non-somatic Effects of Patient Aggression on Nurses: A Systematic Reviewp. 382
Demographic Characteristics as Predictors of Nursing Students' Choice of Type of Clinical Practicep. 400
Sample In-Class Data Collection Toolp. 405
In-Class Study Data for Practice Exercise in Chapter 5p. 408
Historical Analysis of Siderail Use in American Hospitalsp. 409
Glossaryp. 417
Indexp. 425
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