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9780674931909

Value in Ethics and Economics

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780674931909

  • ISBN10:

    0674931904

  • Edition: Reprint
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1995-08-11
  • Publisher: Harvard Univ Pr

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Summary

Elizabeth Anderson offers a new theory of value and rationality that rejects cost-benefit analysis in our social lives and in our ethical theories. This account of the plurality of values thus offers a new approach, beyond welfare economics and traditional theories of justice, for assessing the ethical limitations of the market. In this light, Anderson discusses several contemporary controversies involving the proper scope of the market, including commercial surrogate motherhood, privatization of public services, and the application of cost-benefit analysis to issues of environmental protection.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
A Pluralist Theory of Value
1(16)
A Rational Attitude Theory of Value
1(4)
Ideals and Self-Assessment
5(3)
How Goods Differ in Kind (I): Different Modes of Valuation
8(3)
How Goods Differ in Kind (II): Social Relations of Realization
11(6)
An Expressive Theory of Rational Action
17(27)
Value and Rational Action
17(5)
The Framing of Decisions
22(4)
The Extrinsic Value of States of Affairs
26(4)
Consequentialism
30(8)
Practical Reason and the Unity of the Self
38(6)
Pluralism and Incommensurable Goods
44(21)
The Advantages of Consequentialism
44(3)
A Pragmatic Theory of Comparative Value Judgments
47(8)
Incommensurable Goods
55(4)
Rational Choice among Incommensurable Goods
59(6)
Self-Understanding, the Hierarchy of Values, and Moral Constraints
65(26)
The Test of Self-Understanding
65(1)
The Hierarchy of Values
66(7)
Agent-Centered Restrictions
73(6)
Hybrid Consequentialism
79(7)
A Self-Effacing Theory of Practical Reason?
86(5)
Criticism, Justification, and Common Sense
91(26)
A Pragmatic Account of Objectivity
91(6)
The Thick Conceptual Structure of the Space of Reasons
97(7)
How Common Sense Can Be Self-Critical
104(8)
Why We Should Ignore Skeptical Challenges to Common Sense
112(5)
Monistic Theories of Value
117(24)
Monism
117(2)
Moore's Aesthetic Monism
119(4)
Hedonism
123(6)
Rational Desire Theory
129(12)
The Ethical Limitations of the Market
141(27)
Pluralism, Freedom, and Liberal Politics
141(2)
The Ideals and Social Relations of the Modern Market
143(4)
Civil Society and the Market
147(3)
Personal Relations and the Market
150(8)
Political Goods and the Market
158(5)
The Limitations of Market Ideologies
163(5)
Is Women's Labor a Commodity?
168(22)
The Case of Commercial Surrogate Motherhood
168(2)
Children as Commodities
170(5)
Women's Labor as a Commodity
175(7)
Contract Pregnancy and the Status of Women
182(3)
Contract Pregnancy, Freedom, and the Law
185(5)
Cost-Benefit Analysis, Safety, and Environmental Quality
190(27)
Cost-Benefit Analysis as a Form of Commodification
190(5)
Autonomy, Labor Markets, and the Value of Life
195(8)
Citizens, Consumers, and the Value of the Environment
203(7)
Toward Democratic Alternatives to Cost-Benefit Analysis
210(7)
Conclusion 217(6)
Notes 223(8)
References 231(10)
Index 241

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The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

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