Visual Diagnosis and Care of the Patient with Special Needs

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-05-15
  • Publisher: LWW

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Eye care professionals have the responsibility of providing primary and specialized eye and vision care to a wide variety of individuals. One patient population that has in some ways been greatly ignored by many eye care practitioners are those with special needs. Approximately 1 of every 110 children born in the United States will develop an Autistic Spectrum Disorder. Down syndrome effects 1 of every 1000 children born to mothers 30 years of age or older. Individuals with Fragile X syndrome are frequently encountered as well. Learning disabilities are currently estimated to be noted in 4.6 million children while 17% of individuals have some form of developmental delay. With the average eye care practitioner seeing between 3 and 4 thousand patients a year, chances are they will encounter multiple patients falling into each of these categories. Using the statistics previously noted, special populations could comprise as much as 37% of some practices.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Contributorsp. xi
The Life Cycle Approach to Carep. 1
Geneticsp. 11
Cerebral Palsyp. 21
Down Syndromep. 31
Fragile X Syndromep. 41
Intellectual Disability of Unknown Etiologyp. 49
Oculovisual Abnormalities Associated with Rare Neurodevelopmental Disordersp. 57
Autismp. 69
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)p. 85
Acquired Brain Injuryp. 95
Learning Disabilitiesp. 101
Psychiatric Illness and Associated Oculovisual Anomaliesp. 111
The Visual System in Neurodegenerative Diseasep. 125
Vision Impairment and Brain Damagep. 135
Vision Screeningp. 147
Comprehensive Examination Proceduresp. 155
Diagnosis and Management of Refractive Errorp. 185
Diagnosis and Treatment of Oculomotor Dysfunctionp. 195
Diagnosis and Treatment of Binocular Vision and Accommodative Disordersp. 207
Diagnosis and Treatment of Strabismus and Amblyopiap. 217
Diagnosis and Treatment of Vision Information Processing Disordersp. 233
Diagnosis and Treatment of Commonly Diagnosed Ocular Health Anomaliesp. 243
Specil Assessment Proceduresp. 259
Neuroplasticityp. 275
Optometric Management of Functional Vision Disordersp. 289
Complementary and Alternative Approachesp. 329
Technology for Rehabilitation, Treatment, and Enhancementp. 339
The Multidisciplinary Approachp. 361
Disabilities and the Education Systemp. 383
The Optometric Practicep. 389
The Process of Communicationp. 407
Indexp. 437
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