What Is Sociolinguistics?

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-02-27
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

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What is Sociolinguistics? is a tour through the major issues that define the field, such as region, status, gender, time, language attitudes, interaction, and style, while also exploring the sociolinguistics of multilingualism, culture and ethnicity, language contact, and education, all introduced with excitement, humor, and deep knowledge. "† Explores the sociolinguistics of multilingualism, culture and ethnicity, language contact, and education "† Provides useful and clear learning features including numerous innovative† exercises and project ideas, spotlighted research readings, glossary terms, chapter summaries, and text boxes "† Features a companion website offering PowerPoint slides for instructors and sample answers to questions, as well as links for further study, www.wiley.com/go/vanherk †

Author Biography

Gerard Van Herk is a Canada Research Chair in Regional Language and Oral Text and Memorial University of Newfoundland. He has researched and written on varieties of the English language and is one of the editors of Data Collection in Sociolinguistics: Methods and Applications (with C. Mallinson and B. Childs, 2013).

Table of Contents

List of Boxesp. xi
Research in the Spotlightp. xiv
Companion Websitep. xvi
Acknowledgmentsp. xvii
Introductionp. 1
Types of sociolinguisticsp. 2
Background: The history of sociolinguisticsp. 3
Summing upp. 6
Exercisesp. 7
Discussionp. 8
Other resourcesp. 8
Language and Societyp. 10
Defining "language" in sociolinguisticsp. 11
Sociolinguists vs. other linguistsp. 11
Sociolinguists vs. normal peoplep. 12
Language vs. dialectp. 13
What is "society"?p. 15
Summing upp. 21
Exercisesp. 21
Discussionp. 23
Other resourcesp. 23
Placep. 25
How regional differences developp. 25
English, for examplep. 26
English worldwide: Linguistic featuresp. 30
Isolationp. 33
Physical isolation: The case of Newfoundland Englishp. 33
Linguistic isolation: The case of Quebec Frenchp. 35
Social isolation: The case of African Nova Scotian Englishp. 36
The social meaning of spacep. 37
Summing upp. 42
Exercisesp. 43
Discussionp. 45
Other resourcesp. 45
Social Statusp. 47
Determining social class or statusp. 48
Mobilityp. 51
Summing upp. 56
Exercisesp. 58
Discussionp. 58
Other resourcesp. 59
Timep. 60
Apparent timep. 60
Changep. 61
Real time studies of language changep. 63
The S-shaped curve of language changep. 67
Subtle sound change: Vowel shiftsp. 68
Age: Change across the lifespanp. 69
Acquiring sociolinguistic competencep. 70
Summing upp. 71
Exercisesp. 73
Discussionp. 74
Other resourcesp. 74
Ethnicityp. 75
Ethnic language varietiesp. 75
Ethnic naming and depictionsp. 78
Crossing: Using the language of othersp. 80
Summing upp. 81
Exercisesp. 83
Discussionp. 83
Other resourcesp. 84
Gender and Identifyp. 85
Gender and interactionp. 86
Difference and dominancep. 89
Hon languages encode genderp. 90
Gender and language changep. 93
Classp. 95
Identity, performance, and practicep. 96
Language and sexuality (or something)p. 98
Summing upp. 100
Exercisesp. 101
Discussionp. 102
Other resourcesp. 103
Stylep. 104
Defining and measuring stylep. 105
Genre, register, jargonp. 110
Using other people∆s stuffp. 111
Summing upp. 112
Exercisesp. 113
Discussionp. 114
Other resourcesp. 115
Interactionp. 116
Ethnography of communicationp. 117
Facep. 120
Solidarity and powerp. 121
Summing upp. 124
Exercisesp. 125
Discussionp. 126
Other resourcesp. 126
Multilingualismp. 127
Multilingual societiesp. 128
Diglossiap. 128
Code-switchingp. 130
Slimming upp. 132
Exercisesp. 134
Discussionp. 134
Other resourcesp. 135
Language Contactp. 136
Code-switching and borrowingp. 136
Contact languages: Mixed languages, lingua franca, pidgins, Creolesp. 139
Summing upp. 143
Exercisesp. 145
Discussionp. 146
Other resourcesp. 146
Attitudes and Ideologiesp. 148
Investigating language attitudesp. 149
Language beliefs (myths, ideologies)p. 153
Reading and respondingp. 156
Summing upp. 159
Exercisesp. 159
Discussionp. 160
Other resourcesp. 160
Language as a Social Entityp. 161
Language maintenance, shift, revitalizationp. 162
Language policy and planningp. 167
Summing upp. 172
Exercisesp. 173
Discussionp. 174
Other resourcesp. 174
Educationp. 175
The school as a sociolinguistic communityp. 176
What students bring to schoolp. 177
Languages of educationp. 179
What students take from schoolp. 182
Learning a language at schoolp. 183
Summing upp. 183
Exercisesp. 185
Discussionp. 185
Special extra discussion questions for students in education programs or facultiesp. 186
Other resourcesp. 186
What is Sociolinguistics?p. 188
The sociolinguistics of African American Englishp. 189
Language/society/communityp. 189
Placep. 190
Social statusp. 190
Timep. 191
Culture and ethnicityp. 191
Gender and identityp. 192
Style and code shiftingp. 192
Interactionp. 193
Language contact and Creolesp. 193
Attitudes and ideologiesp. 193
Language planning and educationp. 194
Summing up (the book, not just the chapter)p. 194
Exercisesp. 195
Discussionp. 195
Other resourcesp. 196
Glossaryp. 197
Bibliographyp. 213
Indexp. 229
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