9780195123937

Women Living Zen Japanese Soto Buddhist Nuns

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780195123937

  • ISBN10:

    019512393X

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1999-08-26
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Summary

In this study, based on both historical evidence and ethnographic data, Paula Arai shows that nuns were central agents in the foundation of Buddhism in Japan in the sixth century. They were active participants in the Soto Zen sect, and have continued to contribute to the advancement of the sect to the present day. Drawing on her fieldwork among the Soto nuns, Arai demonstrates that the lives of many of these women embody classical Buddhist ideals. They have chosen to lead a strictly disciplined monastic life over against successful careers and the unconstrained contemporary secular lifestyle. In this, and other respects, they can be shown to stand in stark contrast to their male counterparts.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix(6)
Transliteration Guide xv(2)
Prologue xvii
ONE Introduction
3(28)
Scholarly Contexts
4(16)
Theoretical Considerations
20(5)
Methodological Considerations
25(6)
TWO Historical Background
31(18)
Pioneering Monastics
31(5)
Dogen and Women
36(8)
Tokugawa Encroachments
44(1)
Meiji Reclamations
45(4)
THREE Twentieth-Century Leadership
49(33)
First Generation: Rapid Ascent through Education
52(11)
Second Generation: Strategists of Egalitarianism
63(11)
Third Generation: Zen Master of a New Tradition
74(8)
FOUR The Monastic Practices of Zen Nuns
82(39)
Nuns' Vision of Monastic Life
82(4)
Daily Life in a Monastery of Zen Nuns
86(12)
Divisions within the Monastery
98(4)
Ceremonial Rituals and Activities
102(7)
Educational Curriculum and Degrees
109(5)
The Aesthetics of Discipline
114(7)
FIVE Motivations, Commitments, and Self-Perceptions
121(34)
Changing Life Patterns of Twentieth-Century Zen Nuns
125(12)
Buddhist Practice: Meaning and Action
137(11)
Nuns' Views on Monastic Life
148(7)
SIX Conclusion: Innovators for the Sake of Tradition
155(10)
Preservers and Creators of Buddhist Tradition
159(2)
Bearers and Transmitters of Traditional Japanese Culture
161(4)
Endnotes 165(30)
Appendix A. Questionnaire 195(6)
Appendix B. Glossary of Japanese Terms 201(12)
Bibliography 213(14)
Index 227
Photographs follow page 146

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