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Latin America and Its People, Volume II: 1800 to Present (Chapters 8-15),9780321061676

Latin America and Its People, Volume II: 1800 to Present (Chapters 8-15)

by ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780321061676

ISBN10:
0321061675
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Longman
List Price: $52.80
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Summary

Offering a balance of social, political, environmental and cultural history, this exciting new textbook looks at the whole of Latin America in a thematic rather than country-by-country approach, while emphasizing the story of the diverse people of Latin America, their everyday lives, and the issues and forces that affect them. Written by two of the leading scholars in the field, Cheryl Martin and Mark Wasserman, Latin America and Its People presents a fresh interpretative survey of Latin American history from pre-Columbian times to the beginning of the Twenty-First Century, where the lives of Latin Americans are given center stage. It examines the many institutions that Latin Americans have built and rebuilt families governments from the village level to the nation-state, churches, political parties, labor unions, schools, and armies, and it does so through the lives of the people who forged these institutions and tried to alter them to meet the changing circumstances.

Table of Contents

List of Features xv
List of Maps and Color Plates xvii
Preface xix
About the Authors xxvii
8 THE NEW NATIONS OF LATIN AMERICA
236(26)
Spanish America and the Crisis of 1808
237(5)
Spain and the Napoleonic Invasion
238(2)
Representative Government in Spain and America, 1808-1814
240(1)
The "American Question"
241(1)
Spanish American Grievances and the Crisis of 1808
242(4)
Mexico
243(2)
Venezuela
245(1)
Argentina
245(1)
Spanish American Independence
246(7)
The Final Campaigns
246(6)
Regional Conflicts in the Spanish American Struggle for Independence
252(1)
The Independence of Brazil
253(7)
The Portuguese Monarchy in Brazil
253(1)
Popular Unrest in Brazil
254(1)
The Culmination of Brazilian Independence
255(1)
The Meaning of Independence
256(7)
How Historians Understand
WERE THE WARS OF INDEPENDENCE THE TURNING POINT?
239(11)
Latin American Lives
SIMÓN BOLIVAR AND MANUELA SÁENZ, LEADERS OF SOUTH AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE
250(7)
Slice of Life
THE SIXTEENTH OF SEPTEMBER: INDEPENDENCE DAY IN MEXICO
257(3)
Conclusion
260(1)
Learning More About Latin Americans
261(1)
9 REGIONALISM, WAR, AND RECONSTRUCTION: POLITICS AND ECONOMICS, 1821-1880
262(36)
Dilemmas of Nationhood
263(4)
Who Governs and What Form of Government?
264(1)
Federalism/Centralism and Liberalism/Conservatism
265(2)
The Challenge of Regionalism
267(5)
Argentina, Mexico, Colombia, and Central America
269(2)
Brazil and Chile
271(1)
A Century of War
272(11)
Wars of Political Consolidation
274(1)
Intra-regional Wars
274(1)
Foreign Wars
275(2)
Civil Wars
277(2)
The Impact of War
279(4)
Popular Participation
283(3)
Caudillos
286(5)
The Challenge of Economic Recovery
291(4)
Obstacles to Development
292(1)
Export Economies
293(8)
How Historians Understand
BENITO JUÁREZ: THE MAKING OF A MYTH
268(16)
Slice of Life
THE PARIAN RIOT: MEXICO CITY, 1828
284(5)
Latin American Lives
DR. FRANCIA
289(6)
Conclusion
295(1)
Learning More About Latin Americans
296(2)
10 EVERYDAY LIFE IN AN UNCERTAIN AGE, 1821-1880 298(30)
The People
299(2)
The Large Estates: Haciendas, Estancias, Plantations, Fazendas
301(11)
Work Life
301(3)
Domestic Life
304(3)
Plantations and Slavery
307(5)
Villages and Small Holders
312(3)
Religion
315(1)
Urban Life and Societal Transformation
315(5)
The Cities
315(2)
Transformations
317(3)
Food, Clothes, Shelter, and Entertainment
320(6)
Latin American Lives
THE GAUCHO
305(4)
Slice of Life
URBAN SLAVES
309(1)
How Historians Understand
THE CONSTRUCTION OF RACISM
310(16)
Conclusion
326(1)
Learning More About Latin Americans
326(2)
11 ECONOMIC MODERNIZATION, SOCIETY, AND POLITICS, 1880-1920 328(29)
Economic Modernization
330(5)
Exports
330(2)
The Downside of Export-Led Modernization
332(2)
Railroads
334(1)
Modernization and Social Change
335(7)
Population Increase
335(1)
New Classes, New Voices
336(4)
Rural Discontent
340(1)
Mass Movements of People
341(1)
Politics in the Age of Modernization
342(9)
A Modernized Military
343(1)
The Rule of the Ranchers and Planters: Argentina and Brazil
344(2)
Democracy in Chile
346(1)
The Aristocratic Republic: Peru
347(1)
Dictatorship: Mexico
348(3)
Modernization and Resistance
351(4)
Indigenous Peoples
351(1)
Resistance in the Countryside
352(1)
The Mexican Revolution
353(6)
Slice of Life
A CHILEAN MINING CAMP
338(11)
Latin American Lives
JOSÉ GUADALUPE POSADA (1852-1913), ARTIST OF MEXICO
349(5)
How Historians Understand
WHY DO PEOPLE REBEL?
354(1)
Conclusion
355(1)
Learning More About Latin Americans
356(1)
12 BETWEEN REVOLUTIONS: THE NEW POLITICS OF CLASS AND THE ECONOMICS OF IMPORT SUBSTITUTION INDUSTRIALIZATION, 1920-1959 357(28)
Three Crises and the Beginnings of Intensified Government Involvement in the Economy, 1920-1945
359(5)
The Aftermath of World War I
359(1)
The Great Depression
360(4)
World War II
364(1)
Peacetime Economies
364(1)
Dictators and Populists
365(15)
The 1920's
367(5)
Depression and War
372(6)
Peacetime Politics
378(2)
Failure of the Left and Right
380(3)
Women's Suffrage
382(5)
Slice of Life
COLOMBIAN COFFEE FARM 1925
361(7)
How Historians Understand
RECONSTRUCTING THE SEMANA TRAGICA (TRAGIC WEEK) IN ARGENTINE HISTORY
368(5)
Latin American Lives
ELVIA AND FELIPE CARRILLO PUERTO
373(10)
Conclusion
383(1)
Learning More About Latin Americans
384(1)
13 PEOPLE AND PROGRESS, 1910-1959 385(24)
Socialization in the Factory and the Mine: Proletarianization and Patriarchy
387(8)
A Miner's Day at El Teniente
393(2)
Urbanization and Social Change
395(6)
The Cities
395(3)
Life on the Edge: The Middle Class
398(2)
La Chica Moderna
400(1)
Popular and High Culture
401(6)
Slice of Life
VILLAGE LIFE IN PERU
389(7)
How Historians Understand
THE VOICE OF THE LOWER CLASSES
396(9)
Latin American Lives
FRIDA KAHLO
405(2)
Conclusion
407(1)
Learning More About Latin Americans
407(2)
14 REVOLUTION, REACTION, DEMOCRACY, AND THE NEW GLOBAL ECONOMY, 1959 TO THE PRESENT 409(30)
The Revolutions: Cuba, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, Peru, and Colombia
410(9)
Cuba
411(2)
Nicaragua
413(2)
El Salvador
415(1)
Guatemala
416(1)
Peru
416(3)
Colombia
419(1)
The Tyrannies: Brazil, Argentina, and Chile
419(12)
Brazil
421(4)
Argentina
425(2)
Chile
427(4)
The Exception: Mexico
431(1)
The Struggle for Control of Everyday Life
432(1)
The New Global Economy
433(4)
Slice of Life
ON THE STREET IN SAO PAULO
423(5)
Latin American Lives
AN ARGENTINE MILITARY OFFICER
428(6)
How Historians Understand
THEORIES OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND HISTORY
434(3)
Conclusion
437(1)
Learning More About Latin Americans
437(2)
15 EVERYDAY LIFE, 1959 TO THE PRESENT 439(26)
The Reign of Terror
440(2)
The Quality of Life
442(14)
What Does It Mean To Be Poor?
445(4)
Informal Economy
449(4)
Privatizing Social Security
453(3)
The Cities
456(2)
To Be Poor in the Cities
457(1)
An Urban Migrant's Story
458(1)
The Environment
458(2)
The Globalization of Culture
460(3)
Art
462(1)
Latin American Lives
WOMEN REBELS
441(11)
Slice Of Life
THE BARRIO/FAVELA
452(2)
How Historians Understand
FROM THE COUNTRYSIDE TO THE CITY
454(9)
Conclusion
463(1)
Learning More About Latin Americans
464(1)
Glossary 465(4)
Credits 469(2)
Index 471


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