Substance Abuse Information for School Counselors, Social Workers, Therapists and Counselors

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-02-29
  • Publisher: Pearson
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An overview of substance abuse for generalist students, prospective mental health professionals, and allied professionals. Providing a comprehensive overview of the substance abuse field, Substance Abuse: Information for School Counselors, Social Workers, Therapists and Counselors, Fifth Editioncombines the accessible writing style and succinct, practical topical coverage that have made it a market-leading resource for generalist students, prospective mental health professionals, and allied professionals. Continuing to cover basic pharmacology, models of addiction, assessment and diagnosis, cultural issues, intervention, treatment, recovery, support groups, children and families, other addictions, prevention, and confidentiality in its applied and concise style, this latest edition of Substance Abusecontains expanded coverage of screening and brief interventions, recovery oriented systems of care, spirituality and other current topics as well as a new chapter dedicated to motivational interviewing.

Author Biography

Gary L. Fisher is Professor in the College of Health Sciences at the University of Nevada, Reno. He was the founder and first director of the Center for the Application of Substance Abuse Technologies where he developed undergraduate, graduate, and continuing education activities for addiction counselors, prevention specialists, and allied professionals. Dr. Fisher’s career has spanned 38 years and includes work as a private practice clinician and a public school psychologist. In addition to this textbook, he is the author of Rethinking Our War on Drugs: Candid Talk about Controversial Issues (2006), the senior editor of the Encyclopedia of Substance Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Recovery (2009), and the author of Understanding Why Addicts are Not All Alike: Recognizing the Types and How Their Differences Affect Intervention and Treatment (2011).


Thomas Harrison is Associate Dean in the College of Education and Professor of Counseling and Educational Psychology at the University of Nevada, Reno. He developed the initial drug testing program for the University of Florida Athletic Department and has been a consultant for the State of Nevada Bureau of Alcohol and Drug Abuse. Dr. Harrison’s career has spanned 35 years in the field, including private counseling, sports psychology, and consulting practice. He is the author of Consultation for Contemporary Helping Professionals (2004) and several articles in professional journals.

Table of Contents

The Role of the Mental Health Professional in Prevention and Treatmentp. 1
The Need for Generalist Trainingp. 3
Philosophical Orientationp. 4
Professional Orientationp. 6
Attitudes and Beliefsp. 6
Denial, Minimization, Projection, and Rationalizationp. 7
Helping Attitudes and Behaviorsp. 8
Overview of the Bookp. 10
Classification of Drugsp. 12
Case Examplesp. 12
Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Actp. 13
The Concept of Dangerousnessp. 13
Definitionsp. 14
The Neurobiology of Drugsp. 15
Central Nervous System Depressantsp. 16
Central Nervous System Stimulantsp. 21
Opioidsp. 24
Hallucinogensp. 26
Cannabinolsp. 27
Inhalants and Volatile Hydrocarbonsp. 29
Anabolic Steroidsp. 30
Club Drugsp. 31
Drugs Used in the Treatment of Mental Disordersp. 32
Summaryp. 34
Additional Readingp. 35
Internet Resourcesp. 35
Further Discussionp. 35
Models of Addictionp. 36
Case Examplesp. 36
The Moral Modelp. 39
Sociocultural Models of Addictionp. 39
Psychological Models of Addictionp. 40
Biopsychosocial Models of Addictionp. 48
Summaryp. 50
Internet Resourcesp. 50
Further Discussionp. 50
Culturally and Ethnically Diverse Populationsp. 51
Case Examplesp. 51
Native Americans and Alaska Nativesp. 53
Asian Americans and Pacific Islandersp. 58
African Americansp. 64
Latino and Hispanic Populationsp. 71
The Elderly, Disabled, and Sexual Minority Populationsp. 75
Helping Culturally and Ethnically Diverse Populationsp. 78
Summaryp. 84
Internet Resourcesp. 85
Further Discussionp. 85
Confidentiality and Ethical Issuesp. 86
Case Examplesp. 86
Confidentiality:p. 42
Code of Federal Regulations, Part 2 (42 CFR)p. 87
Confidentiality and School Counselingp. 93
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)p. 93
Drug Testingp. 94
Documentationp. 95
Ethicsp. 95
Application of Confidentiality Regulationsp. 98
Summaryp. 100
Internet Resourcesp. 100
Further Discussionp. 100
Screening, Assessment, and Diagnosisp. 101
Case Examplesp. 101
Definitions of Use, Misuse, Abuse, and Dependence or Addictionp. 103
Screeningp. 104
Psychosocial Historyp. 105
Signs of Adolescent Substance Abusep. 111
Self-Report Inventoriesp. 112
Referralp. 114
Diagnosisp. 116
Summaryp. 121
Internet Resourcesp. 121
Further Discussionp. 121
Motivational Interviewing and Brief Interventionsp. 122
Case Examplesp. 122
Client Engagementp. 124
Motivational Interviewingp. 124
Ml Applications to Case Examplesp. 131
Brief Interventionsp. 132
Summaryp. 135
Internet Resourcesp. 135
Further Discussionp. 135
Treatment of Aod Problemsp. 136
Case Examplesp. 136
Recovery-Oriented Systems of Carep. 137
How Many Are in Treatment? How Many Need Treatment?p. 138
What Happens in Treatment?p. 138
Treatment Strategies and Techniquesp. 142
Treatment Settingsp. 147
Principles of Effective Treatmentp. 150
Evidence-Based Treatmentp. 152
Treatment and Special Populationsp. 153
Case Example Applicationsp. 160
Treatment Effectivenessp. 160
Special Problems in Treatmentp. 162
Summaryp. 166
Internet Resourcesp. 167
Further Discussionp. 167
Relapse Prevention and Recoveryp. 168
Case Examplep. 168
Need for Generalist Training in Relapse Preventionp. 169
Definition of Slip and Relapsep. 169
Frequency of Slips and Relapsesp. 170
Is Relapse in Addiction Similar to Other Chronic Conditions?p. 170
Models of Relapse Preventionp. 171
Essential Components of Relapse Preventionp. 175
Preventing Slips from Escalatingp. 182
Recoveryp. 182
Summaryp. 185
Internet Resourcesp. 186
Further Discussionp. 186
Twelve-Step and Other Types of Support Groupsp. 187
Case Examplesp. 187
Alcoholics Anonymousp. 189
Other Twelve-Step Groupsp. 195
Advantages and Disadvantages of Twelve-Step Groupsp. 196
Other Types of Support Groupsp. 198
Case Example Applicationsp. 201
Summaryp. 202
Internet Resourcesp. 202
Further Discussionp. 202
Children and Familiesp. 203
Case Examplesp. 203
Children's Exposure to Alcohol and Other Drugsp. 205
Family Exposure to Alcohol and Other Drugsp. 211
Intergenerational Transmission of Alcoholismp. 221
Women and Alcoholismp. 221
Stepfamilies: System and Structurep. 225
Helping Familiesp. 226
Summaryp. 231
Internet Resourcesp. 232
Further Discussionp. 232
Adult Children and Codependencyp. 233
Case Examplesp. 233
Adult Children of Alcoholics (ACOAs)p. 235
Assessment and Treatment Considerationsp. 237
Codependencyp. 239
Implications for Mental Health Professionalsp. 244
Relationship of ACOA, AA, Al-Anon, and Codependencyp. 246
Codependency and Diversityp. 248
Summaryp. 254
Internet Resourcesp. 255
Further Discussionp. 255
HIV/AIDSp. 256
Case Examplesp. 256
Incidence and Prevalencep. 257
Myths and Facts about HIV and AIDSp. 258
Risk Factors and High-Risk Populationsp. 262
Assessment of Clients for HIV and AIDS: Signs and Symptomsp. 267
Helping HIV-infected Clientsp. 267
HIV-Related Issues Specific to the Helping Professionalp. 273
Summaryp. 276
Internet Resourcesp. 276
Further Discussionp. 277
Gambling and Other Addictionsp. 278
Case Examplesp. 278
Prevalence of Gambling and Gambling Problemsp. 279
Definitions of Gamblers and Problem Gamblingp. 282
Assessment and Diagnosisp. 283
Treatment, Resources, and Supportp. 286
Other Addictionsp. 288
Food Addiction: The Eating Disordersp. 290
Addiction to Sex and Lovep. 296
Internet Addictionp. 298
Addiction to Work: Workaholismp. 301
Assessment and Treatment Issuesp. 302
Summaryp. 308
Internet Resourcesp. 309
Further Discussionp. 310
Preventionp. 311
Case Examplesp. 311
Why Are Prevention Efforts Needed?p. 312
Policy Issues in Preventionp. 313
Prevention Classification Systemsp. 316
What Works in Preventionp. 320
Case Example Applicationsp. 327
Evidence-Based Preventionp. 327
Prevention Resourcesp. 328
Prevention Specialistsp. 328
Summaryp. 329
Internet Resourcesp. 329
Further Discussionp. 329
Referencesp. 330
Indexp. 364
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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Substance Abuse book January 30, 2017
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